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List of National Park Service areas in Maryland facts for kids

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This is a list of National Park System areas in Maryland, consisting of lands, trails, or park networks maintained by the National Park Service of the United States within the U.S. State of Maryland. The National Park Service controls 24 units in the state of Maryland. They range from sites of historical interest to sites of ecological interest to portions of the parkway system around Washington, DC. Many of the sites currently under the control of the National Park Service in Maryland were previously under the control of other agencies in the federal government, such as Antietam National Battlefield, which was originally managed by the Department of War. There are eight units administered by the National Park System as part of the National Capital Parks. The most recent unit created in Maryland is the Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail, which was authorized by Congress in 2006.

National Park System areas

A view of Antietam National Battlefield, site of one of the bloodiest battles of the American Civil War
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The C&O Canal at Swain's Lock. The canal runs between Washington, DC and Cumberland, Maryland.
The sally port, or main entrance, to Fort McHenry in Baltimore. The Battle of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812 inspired Francis Scott Key to write the Star Spangled Banner.
GlenEcho BumperCarPavilionSign
Close-up view of sign on the former bumper car pavilion at Glen Echo Park
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Farmhouse and slave quarters at Hampton National Historic Site. Photo by James G. Howes.
Haberdaventure, the home of Thomas Stone, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, centerpiece of the Thomas Stone National Historic Site.
Name Location ney York Description Date established Notes
Antietam National Battlefield Washington County Site of the Battle of Antietam (Civil War) 1890
Appalachian National Scenic Trail Washington County 2,175 mi (3,500 km) footpath stretching through 14 eastern states from Maine to Georgia. 1970
Assateague Island National Seashore Worcester County 37 mi (60 km) long barrier island managed to conserve its plants and animals. 1965
Baltimore-Washington Parkway Anne Arundel and Prince George's Counties 29 mi (47 km) highway connecting Washington, DC with Baltimore, Maryland. 1954
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Chesapeake Bay Water trail tracing Smith's explorations of the Chesapeake Bay, accessible from many points on Maryland's Chesapeake shoreline. 2006
Catoctin Mountain Park Frederick County 5,810-acre (23.5 km2) forest park in the Appalachian Mountains. 1954
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park Montgomery, Frederick, Washington, and Allegany Counties Park paralleling the Potomac River, preserving remains of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. 1938
Chesapeake Bay Gateways Network Chesapeake Bay shoreline Network of sites of historic and environmental interest across the Chesapeake Bay watershed. 1998
Clara Barton National Historic Site Montgomery County Home of Clara Barton (1821–1912), the founder of the American Red Cross. 1975
Fort Foote Park Prince George's County Wood and earthwork fort on the Potomac River that formed part of Washington, DC's military defenses in the Civil War era. 1946c. 1946
Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine Baltimore City Star-shaped fort that successfully defended Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British navy during the War of 1812, in the battle that inspired Francis Scott Key to write The Star-Spangled Banner. 1925
Fort Washington Park Prince George's County Had a long history of military use as a defensive fort protecting Washington, DC 1946
George Washington Memorial Parkway Montgomery County Parkway in Virginia and Washington, DC; the short Clara Barton Parkway section connects to Glen Echo Park and the Clara Barton National Historic Site in Maryland 1930
Glen Echo Park Montgomery County Park was first established in 1891 as a National Chautauqua Assembly; later it became an amusement park, which closed in 1968. 1971
Greenbelt Park Prince George's County A 1,176-acre (476 ha) recreational area within an urban environment. 1950
Hampton National Historic Site Baltimore County 18th century estate including Georgian manor house, gardens and grounds, and original stone slave quarters 1948
Harmony Hall Prince George's County 18th-century country house surrounded by 65 acres (26 ha) of parkland. 1966
Monocacy National Battlefield Frederick County Civil War battlefield straddling the Monocacy River southwest of Frederick. 1976
Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm Prince George's County Located in Washington, DC and Prince George's County, Maryland, Oxon Cove Park provides recreational activities. 1959
Piscataway Park Prince George's County Across the Potomac River from Mount Vernon, established to protect the view from Mount Vernon. 1961
Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail Potomac River shoreline Network of trails along the Potomac River and its tributaries, from the mouth of the river near St. Mary's County to the headwaters. 1983
Suitland Parkway Prince George's County 9.35 mi (15 km) historic parkway built during World War II to connect Washington, DC-area military facilities 1944
Thomas Stone National Historic Site Charles County Home and estate of Thomas Stone, a signer of the Declaration of Independence 1978
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List of National Park Service areas in Maryland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.