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List of windmills in London facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

A list of existing and former windmills whose sites fall within Greater London, England. When built, these mills were within the counties of Kent, Surrey, Middlesex, Hertfordshire or Essex. Of those windmills known to have existed, nine remain and are preserved; as are the tide mills at Three Mills, West Ham.

Locations

A - B

Location Name of mill and
grid reference
Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Acton 1742 1622 1742
Acton Smock 1801 1859, gone by 1865 painting by John Varley, 1835
Acton 18th century 18th century
Addington Post 1610*
1626
1659
1700*
1733
1292 1773
Arkley Barnet Gate Mill
Tower c. 1830 Windmill World Barnet Gate Mill - geograph.org.uk - 384642.jpg
Ashford 1277 1309
Barking Post 1243 1243
Barking 1777 1738 1793
Barking Wellington Mill
Smock 1815 Demolished 1926 Barking Wellington 1907.jpg
Barnes Mill Hill Mill Post 1673
1729
1733
1753
1443 Blown down 15 October 1780
Barnes Mill Lodge Mill Smock 1783 Demolished c. 1836
Battersea Colour Mill 1645 1645
Battersea Corn mill 1645 1645
Battersea Lead Mill 1645 1645
Battersea Nine Elms Mill Post 1753
1777*
1753 Standing in 1814, not on 1823 map, gone by 1828
Battersea Red House Mill Smock 1753
1777*
1753 1851 Battersea Varley.jpg
Battersea Randall's Mill Tower 1762 1762 1836
Battersea Fowler's Mill
Horizontal 1790
1823
1788 Dismantled c. 1825 Battersea horizontal windmill.jpg
Bermondsey Cherry Garden Pier Mill
Bermondsey Abbey Mill #1 Post 1805 1812
Bermondsey Abbey Mill #2
Bermondsey Poupart's Mill,
Blue Anchor Mill
Post 1753
1820
1823
1753 Burnt down, 12 January 1866
Bermondsey Tower 1834 1844, probably demolished in the 1850s
Bexley Horizontal 1842 Advertised for sale in 1842, no other details known.
Blackfriars Approximately
1696 1748
Blackheath Lewisham Hill Mill 1695*
1745
1695 1745
Blackheath Morden Hill Mill 1745 1745 1750
Blackheath Black Heath Post 1769 1769 1819
Blackheath Black Heath Post 1769 1769 1769
Bow Old Ford
Post 1844 1823 1852
Bow Smock 1844 1823 1852
Brentford approximately
1670 1703
Brentford Smock 1777 1828
Brixton Ashby's Mill
Tower 1816
1823
1816 Ashby's mill 1864.jpg
Brixton Brixton Hill Mill Smock 1816
1823
1803 1845
Bromley Post 1763
1769
1843
1665 Demolished January 1835.
Bromley by Bow Metcalfe's Mill
Approximately
1754 1754 1754

C - D

Location Name of mill and
grid reference
Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Camberwell Camberwell Mill
Freeman's Mill
Post 1753 1709 1831
Camberwell Dovedale Manor mill Smock or Tower 1823
1850
1823 1850
Camberwell Frensham Street Mill 1820
1850
1820 1850
Camberwell Bree Kill Mill Post 1746*
1789
1746 Demolition ordered 1815
Camerwell Post 1307 1307
Charlton 1660 Burnt down, 1660
Chelsea Tothill Fields Smock 1799 1815
Chelsea Tothill Fields Post 1806 1806
Chelsea Thames Bank Mill
Smock 1832 c. 1870
Chelsea Don Salter's Walk Smock c. 1870 c. 1870
Chelsea Waterworks Smock 1752 1762 Chelsea Waterworks 1752.jpg
Chelsfield Well Hill Mill 1769 1769 1769
Chislehurst Chislehurst Common Mill Smock 1796 Demolished c.1877
Chiswick Post 1675 1675 1765
Chiswick Approximately
Post 1675 1675 1675
City of London Mountmill, Cripplegate 1598 Blown down 1601
City of London Queenhithe, Broken Wharf Waterworks Hollow post 1696
1724
1696 1748
City of London Peerless Pool, Moorfields Tower 18th century 18th century
Clapham Clapham Common Mill 1616 1652 Possibly moved to Nightingale Lane, 1652
Clapham Nightingale Lane Mill Post 1680 1680
Clerkenwell Clerkenwell Priory Sunk post c. 1100 c. 1100
Clerkenwell Commandery Martels
14th century 1430
Clerkenwell Farncroft
Stowell Mill
c. 1358 1399
Clerkenwell 16th century 16th century
Clerkenwell New River Head
Tower 1709 1720
Clerkenwell East Smithfield 13th century 14th century
Clerkenwell Mountmill
Early 16th century Blown down 16th century
Clerkenwell Mountmill
Post 1563
1658
1547 1647, gone by c. 1680
Clerkenwell Finsbury Fields, East Mill
Approximately
Post 1563
1658
1660
1666
1669
1556 1669
Clerkenwell Finsbury Fields, West Mill Post 1563
1658
1660
1666
1669
1557 1669
Clerkenwell Finsbury Fields, Thomas Wells Mill Post 1563
1658
1660
1666
1669
1558 1669
Clerkenwell Finsbury Fields, 4th mill Post 1561 Blown down c. 1600
Clerkenwell Finsbury Fields, 5th mill Post 1658
1660
1666
1669
1617 1669
Clerkenwell Finsbury Fields, 6th mill Post 1658
1660
1666
1669
1617 1669
Clerkenwell Finsbury Fields, 7th mill Post 1658
1660
1666
1617 1669
Coulsdon Common North side of Stites Hill Road Post 1762
1777*
1789
1816
1823
1762 Demolished c. 1880
Coulsdon Common South side of Stites Hill Road Post 1789
1816
1823
1777 Demolished 1924
Cranford Approximately
1604 Demolished 1625
Cranham Post 1463 1463
Croydon Crown Hill Mill
Croydon Gardiner's Mill
Croydon Mill
Post 1762
1777*
1789
1816
1744 Demolished c. 1814
Croydon Black Mill Post 1823 1814 Demolished c. 1855
Croydon White Mill Smock 1828 Demolished c. 1862
Croydon Noakes's Mill Tower 1863 1852 1863
Dagenham Becontree Heath Mill
Smock 1816 Burnt down January 1869
Dagenham Chadwell Heath Mill (north)
Little Jenny
Post 1777 1765 1898
Dagenham Chadwell Heath Mill (west)
Miss Bentley
Post 1903 1820 Demolished c. 1906
Dagenham Chadwell Heath Mill (south)
Long Sally
Post 1785 Demolished c. 1893
Dagenham Beam Mill
Smock 1825 1825< 1884
Deptford Black Horse Fields Mill Smock 1843 Burnt down 1854
Deptford Windmill Lane Mill 1832 1832 1832
Deptford Tanners Hill Mill Post 1840 Demolished 1849 Deptford Tanners Hill 1840.jpg
Downe Gorringes Farm Mill Tower 1843 Burnt down 1902
Dulwich Dolwich Common Mill Post 1814 1814 Dulwich-Windmill-by-David-Cox-1814.jpg

E - F

Location Name of mill and
grid reference
Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Ealing 1318 Blown down c. 1409
Ealing 1431 1431
East Ham Post 1267 1309
East Ham 1724* 1724 1728
East Ham Post 1741 1741
East Ham Clock House Farm Mill
1872 Burnt down c. 1891
Edmonton 1272 1359
Edmonton Weir Hall Mill
approximately
Post 1627 1801
Edmonton Silver Street Mill
Post 1819 1920 Edmonton Windill 1920.jpg
Eltham Mottingham Mill
Enfield 1284 1284
Enfield Windmill Hill
Post 1635 Blown down 18th century
Enfield Windmill Hill
Smock 1790 1790 Demolished September 1904 Enfield windmill.jpg
Enfield Mill Corner
1635 1740, gone by 1777
Erith Northumberland Heath Mill
Post 1843 Blown down 1 January c.1892
Windmill World
Feltham Lower Feltham
1762 1762 1762
Finchley 1252 1398
Finchley Basings Pond 1627 1734, gone by 1754
Finchley Lodge Hill 1648 1648 1648
Fulham 1404 1404
Fulham 1790 1632 Demolished 1794

G -H

Location Name of mill and
grid reference
Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Greenwich Greenwich Reach Mill Post
Greenwich Greenwich Reach Mill Smock
Hackney Union Mill
1833 1851, gone by 1856
Hackney Regent's Canal Vertical axle mill 1828 1828
Hadley 1288 1288
Hadley Beacon Hill 1629 1629, gone by 1636
Hadley Beacon Hill 1649 1649, gone by 1698
Hadley Hadley Green
1821 1821, gone by 1827
Hadley Hadley Green
1827 1867, gone by 1870
Hampstead 1270 Blown down 1294
Hampstead 1295 1399
Hampstead Coneyfield Post 1597 1661, gone by 1680
Hampstead Cloth Hill
Post 1614 1728, gone by 1759
Hampstead Highgate 1601 1601, gone by 1641
Hampton Smock 1791 Demolished 1874
Hanwell 1258 1343
Harrow 1236 1353
Harrow Sudbury Hill 1695 1622 1695
Harrow Sudbury Hill 1695 1695 1695
Harrow Wembley Hill 1673 1672 1693
Havering Post 1262 1262
Hayes Approximately
1675 1675 1675
Hendon 1321 1321
Hendon Goldeherd's Mill 15th century 15th century
Hendon Mill Hill
1679 1679 1685
Hillingdon 1328 1328
Holborn Gray's Inn
Approximately
1505 1505, gone by 1507
Holborn Old St Paul's Post 1616 1616 1616
Holborn Old St Paul's, York Buildings Waterwirjs Hollow Post 1684 Burnt down 1690
Hornchurch Post 1222 1256
Hornchurch New Mill
Marks Mill
Post 1355 1396
Hornchurch Marks Hall Mill
Post 1724 1365 Demolished c. 1760
Hornchurch Marks Mill
Marks Gate Mill
Smock 1818 Demolished May 1919
Hornchurch Post 1678 1678 Burnt down June 1921
Hornchurch Post 1240 1240
Hornchurch Marditch Mill
Mardyke Mill
Post 1724 1564 1724
Hornchurch Bush Elms Mill
Post 1833 1855, gone by 1864
Hounslow 162 1362
Hounslow Brazil Mill
Approximately
Smock 1757 1757
Hounslow Syon Park Vertical axle mill
Hounslow Hounslow Heath
Post 1816 1765 1816, gone by 1818
Hounslow Heston Mill
Post 1818 Burnt down 24 August 1895

I - L

Location Name of mill and
grid reference
Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Isleworth 1370 1370
Islington Canonbury 1306 1306
Islington White Lead Mill
Tower 1786 1868
Islington White Lead Mill Tower 1792 1868
Islington Cattle Market (two mills) Hollow post 1820 1837
Islington Water Works Tower 1730 1767
Kensington Hyde Park Post 1543 1660
Keston Keston Mill
Post 1736
1769
1716 Keston Windmill, 1982.jpg
Keston Olive's Mill 1878 Burnt down 1885
Keston Holwood Park Mill
Kew Kew Mill Smock Mill Late 18th century Late 18th century
Kingsbury Redhill 1675 1738, gone by 1754
Laleham 14th century 1698
Laleham 1816 1816 1834
Lambeth South end of Waterloo Bridge Paltrok 1658
1720
1658 1760
Lambeth South end of Hungerford Bridge Post 1762
1763
1777*
1762 Demolished 1848
Lambeth Junction of Ethelred Street and Hutton Road 1762
1763
1762 1763
Lambeth Junction of Newport Street and Whitgift Street Smock 1753 1830
Lambeth Drug Mill Tower 1737 Demolished 1867 Drug mill, Lambeth.jpg
Lambeth Cons Street Mill Smock 1800
1816
1800 Demolished c. 1840 Lambeth windmill.jpg
Lee 1843 Demolished c.1850
Leyton Post 1724* 1724 1739
Leyton Temple Mills
1818 1770 1818, gone by 1838
Limehouse Paltrok mill 1663 Destroyed in a riot, 1663
Limehouse Smock 1768 Destroyed in a riot, 1768
Limehouse Smock 1791 1791

M - P

Location Name of mill and
grid reference
Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Marylebone 1708 1708
Mayfair Bond Street 1647
1666
1675
1647 1675
Mitcham Common Mitcham Common Mill
Post 1806 Dismantled 1905
Windmill World
Remains of Post Mill at Mitcham - geograph.org.uk - 446178.jpg
Monthill Early 17th century Early 17th century
Newington 1658
1675
1746*
1763
1658 Demolished 1799
North Ockendon Post 1610 1840
Northolt Dabb's Hill Lane
Northolt Mill Post Field
Post mill
Norton Folgate Smock
Norwood Westow Hill Mill 1812 Demolished c. 1854
Perivale 1342 1342
Perivale 17th century 17th century
Pinner c. 1285 c. 1285
Pinner 1619 Blown down 1721
Pinner Smock 1720s Burnt down 1872
Plumstead Common Plumstead Common Mill
Tower 1820 Plumstead Common 1820.jpg
Poplar Millwall, Browns Mill Post 1723
1731
1723 1781
Poplar Millwall, Smith's Mill Post 1723
1731
1723 1772
Poplar Millwall, Smith's Mill
Middle Mill
Post 1723
1731
1723 1765
Poplar Millwall, Smith's Mill Post 1723
1731
1723 1731
Poplar Millwall, Baker's Mill Post 1723
1731
1703 1804
Poplar Millwall, Churn's Mill
Chinn's Mill
Post 1723
1731
1723 1805
Poplar Millwall, Ward's Mill
Theobalds Mill
Post 1723
1731
1723 1731
Poplar Millwall, Ward's Mill Post 1723
1731
1723 1731
Poplar Millwall (ninth mill) Post 1723
1731
Poplar Millwall (tenth mill) Smock 1703
1731
1824
1703 1853, gone by 1859
Poplar Blackwall Smock 1840 1840

R - S

Location Name of mill and
grid reference
Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Richmond Post 1635
1673
1733
1635 1730, gone by 1764
Romford Pratt Collier's Mill
Post 1728 1863, gone by 1868
Romford Post 1678 1618 1696
Romford Edward Collier's Mill
Post 1728 1861
Romford Rising Sun Mill
Post 1618 1871, gone by 1876
Romford Collier Row Mill
Post 1815 Demolished c. 1862
Romford Pettits Mill
1777 1775 1777
Rotherhithe Cuckold's Point Mills 1662 (three) 1810 (one)
Ruislip 1294 1294
Shadwell 1824 1824 1824
Shirley Shirley Mill
Post 1809 Burnt down October 1854
Shirley Shirley Mill
Tower 1855 Shirley Windmill.jpg
Shoreditch Tower 1824 1782 1829
Soho Rathbone Place
Tower 1721 1787
Soho Windmill Field (believed near latter day Great Windmill Street, London W1) Post mill (may have been rebuilt as a smock mill after about 1650) Circa 1585 Late 18c
Southall Grand Junction Canal
1721 Demolished 1855 Joseph Mallord William Turner 014.jpg
Southall Smock 1820s 1886
Southwark St George's Fields Post 1616 1662
Southwark St Georges Fields Post 1616 1677
Southwark Widflete Mill Tower 1710 1724
Southwark Post 1746* 1746 Demolished 1820
Stanmore Mid-13th century Mid-13th century
Stanmore 1352 1352
Stanmore 1547 1547
Stanmore Grimsditch
1306 1680
St Clement Danes Post 1558 1615
Stepney 1325 1342
Stepney Ratcliffe 1713 1713
St George Hanover Square 1675 1675 1675, later moved to Mill Hill Place
St George Hanover Square Mill Hill Place
St George Hanover Square St George's Hospital
Hollow post Mid-18th century Mid-18th century
St James's Tower 1658 Early 17th century 1647
Stoke Newington 1813 1852
Streatham Streatham Mill 1816
1823
1816 1823
St Sepulchre Newgate Prison Hollow post 1752 Demolished 1778
Surbiton Surbiton Hill Mill 1816
1823
1805 Demolished 1850
Sydenham Sydenham Mill 19th century 19th century

T - W

Location Name of mill and
grid reference
Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Totteridge 1277 1277
Twickenham 14th century 14th century
Twickenham 1635 1635 1635
Twickenham Approximately
1635 1635 1675, gone by 1743
Twickenham Whitton 1722 1722
Twickenham Fulwell Watermill
1799 1799
Upminster Upminster Common Mill
Post 1724* 1652 Demolished 1882
Upminster Abraham's Mill
Smock 1803 UpminsterWMdamage.jpg
Walthamstow Walthamstow Mill
Post 1700
1805
1676 Blown down c. 1800
Wandsworth Post 1535 Moved to Wimbledon Common c. 1613
Wandsworth Middle Mill 1762
1777
1762 1835
Wandsworth Brazil Mill Smock 1811 Sail-less in 1825, demolished later
Wandsworth Wandsworth Common Mill
Smock mill 1837 Wandsworth mill.jpg
Wandsworth Blackmore's Mill
West Ham City Mill River Mill (north)
Post 1774 Moved to Shirley, Surrey c. 1809
West Ham City Mill River Mill (south)
Post 1746 1746 Moved to Nobshill c. 1807
West Ham St Thomas’ Mill
Post 1702 1724, gone by 1730
West Ham St Thomas’ Mill
Post 1746 1730 1746
West Ham Pudding Mill
Post 1777* 1724 1844, gone by 1854
West Ham Nobshill Mill
Post 1807 1870
West Ham Stent's Mill
Redcross Mill
Post 1724
1746
1777*
1720 1849
West Ham Three Mills
Post 1724
1746
1699 1837, gone by 1840
West Ham Abbey Mill
Post 1682 Blown down 1701
West Ham Abbey Mill
Smock 1703 Demolished c. 1767
West Ham Abbey Mill Smock 1768 Burnt down 30 April 1862
West Ham Pigeon's Mill (north)
Smock 1746 1746 1746
West Ham Pigeon's Mill (south)
Smock 1724
1746
1777*
1724 Demolished October 1860
West Ham 1668 1752
West Ham 1825 1825 1825
West Ham 1739 1739
West Ham Industrial School 1893 1854 Demolished c. 1893
Westminster 1279 1306
Westminster White Lead Mill, Millbank Smock c. 1800 c. 1800
Westminster The Strand Post 1616 1615 1696
West Norwood 1433 1496
West Norwood Post 1635 1611 1676
Whitechapel Fieldgate Street
Post 1643 1658
Whitechapel Fieldgate Street
Smock 1724 1724 1807
Whitechapel Commercial Road 1806 1806
Willesden 1295 Demolished 1365
Willesden Dudden Hill
Approximately
Post 1616 1817
Willesden Kilburn Mill
Smock 1803 Burnt down 1863
Wimbledon Common Tibbett's Corner Mill Post c. 1613 1636
Wimbledon Common Wimbledon Common Mill
Hollow post, rebuilt as Smock in 1893 1816 Wimbledon Windmill.jpg
Woodford 1678 1628 1710
Woolwich Co-operative Mill 1760 Burnt down 16 March 1760
Woolwich Co-operative Mill Smock 1769 1760 1845

Maps

  • c.1563 "Woodcut" (or "Agas") map of London
  • 1610 John Speed
  • 1616 John Visscher
  • 1626
  • 1635 Moses Glover (Map of the Isleworth Hundred)
  • 1647 Wenceslas Hollar (Long View of London from Bankside)
  • 1648 John Norden
  • 1658 William Faithorne
  • 1659 William Faithorne
  • 1660 Frederick De Wit
  • 1666 Ben Gerlen
  • 1673 Richard Blome
  • 1675 John Ogilby
  • 1678 John Ogilby & William Morgan
  • 1695 Robert Morden
  • 1695*Robert Morden
  • 1696 Robert Morden
  • 1700 Robert Morden & John Pask
  • 1700*
  • 1703 Joel Gascoigne (survey of the Parish of Stepney)
  • 1720 Dr Harris
  • 1723 Sutton Nicholl (A prospect of Greenwich & London)
  • 1724 Sutton Nicholl (View of London and Southwark)
  • 1724* John Warburton, Joseph Bland & Payler Smith
  • 1729 John Sennex
  • 1731 C du Box (A view of Greenwich)
  • 1733 John Seller
  • 1736 Emanuel Bowen
  • 1742 John Seller
  • 1746 John Rocque
  • 1746* John Rocque
  • 1753 Emanuel Bowen
  • 1754 John Rocque
  • 1762 John Rocque
  • 1763 John Rocque
  • 1769 Andrews, Dury and Herbert
  • 1777 John Chapman and Peter André
  • 1777*Andrews & Dury
  • 1789 Lindley & Crosley
  • 1790 William Faden
  • 1800 Laurie & Whittle
  • 1816 Ordnance Survey
  • 1818 Christopher & John Greenwood
  • 1819 Ordnance Survey
  • 1830 Ordnance Survey
  • 1823 Bryant
  • 1824 Christopher Greenwood (Map of London)
  • 1825 Christopher Greenwood
  • 1832 Cary (Map of Deptford)
  • 1843 Ordnance Survey
  • 1844 Ordnance Survey
  • 1850 C Knight
  • 1863 Ordnance Survey
  • 1893 Ordnance Survey
  • 1903 Ordnance Survey
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