Pequannock Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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Pequannock Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Pequannock
Location in Morris County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Morris County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Pequannock Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Pequannock Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
U.S. state  New Jersey
County Morris
Formed March 25, 1740 as Poquanock Township
Incorporated February 21, 1798 as Pequanack Township
Area
 • Total 7.171 sq mi (18.575 km2)
 • Land 6.748 sq mi (17.478 km2)
 • Water 0.423 sq mi (1.096 km2)  5.90%
Area rank 241st of 566 in state
21st of 39 in county
Elevation 203 ft (62 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 15,540
 • Estimate (2015) 15,506
 • Rank 163rd of 566 in state
14th of 39 in county
 • Density 2,302.7/sq mi (889.1/km2)
 • Density rank 267th of 566 in state
12th of 39 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07440 – Pequannock
07444 – Pompton Plains
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 3402758110
GNIS feature ID 0882208
Website www.peqtwp.org

Pequannock Township is a township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 15,420, reflecting an increase of 1,652 (+11.9%) from the 13,888 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,044 (+8.1%) from the 12,844 counted in the 1990 Census.

The name "Pequannock", as used in the name of the Township and of the Pequannock River, is thought to have been derived from the Lenni Lenape Native American word "Paquettahhnuake", meaning "cleared land ready or being readied for cultivation". Pompton has been cited by some sources to mean "a place where they catch soft fish".

New Jersey Monthly ranked Pequannock Township as the "Best Bang for the Buck" in New Jersey and 9th overall in its 2011 edition of "Best Places to Live" in New Jersey. It was then ranked 14th overall in the 2013 edition of "Best Places to Live". In the 2015 edition of "Best Places to Live" in New Jersey, Pequannock ranked 4th overall.

History

The name for the area goes back at least as far as March 1, 1720, when it was referred to as "Poquanick", a precinct in Hunterdon County. Formed as "Poquanock Township" on March 25, 1740, as the county's largest township, what is now a 7.1-square-mile (18 km2) bedroom community composed of Pompton Plains in its northern portion and old Pequannock in its southern was once a vast 176-square-mile (460 km2) region of rural farmland settled by the Dutch after its purchase by Arent Schuyler and associates in 1695 and 1696. The township was incorporated by the New Jersey Legislature's Township Act of 1798 as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships on February 21, 1798.

Over time, several municipalities were split off from the township: Jefferson Township on February 11, 1804; Rockaway Township on April 8, 1844; Boonton Township on April 11, 1867; Montville Township on April 11, 1867; Butler Borough on March 13, 1901; Kinnelon Borough on March 21, 1922; Lincoln Park Borough on April 25, 1922; and Riverdale Borough on April 17, 1923.

During the American Revolutionary War, both Comte de Rochambeau and George Washington's troops camped on what is now the site of the Pequannock Valley Middle School. While Washington stayed at the Schuyler-Colfax House in nearby Pompton, unproven oral history states that he attended church services in the First Reformed Church located in Pompton Plains, also known as the Pompton Meeting House, which had been constructed in 1771. The Mandeville Inn, located on the site of where the soldiers had camped during the war, was built in 1788 and was once owned by Garret Hobart, later Vice President of the United States. The stone with the engraved date is now located inside the Pequannock Valley Middle School when the Inn was demolished and replaced with the school in 1950.

During the Civil War, Pequannock was a stop on the Underground Railroad. The Giles Mandeville House (also built in 1788), a field and quarry-stone structure located at 515 Newark-Pompton Turnpike, which is believed to have served as a waypoint for many runaway slaves, still stands today, and has been in use as the Manse of the adjacent First Reformed Church since 1953.

Historic sites

Historic sites located in Pequannock Township include:

  • Ackerson Mead Clark House, a Greek revival mansion constructed in the 1870s.
  • Bank Barn
  • Giles Mandeville House
  • Mandeville Inn
  • Martin Berry House, a Dutch home constructed in 1720, making it Pequannock's second-oldest.
  • Paul DeBow House
  • Paul Barney DeBow House
  • Pequannoc Spillway
  • Pompton dam, constructed in 1837 to provide water for the Morris Canal.
  • Pompton Plains Railroad Station was built in 1872 and offered regular passenger train service until 1966. Added to the National Register of Historic Places on March 5, 2008, the station serves as the Pequannock Township Museum.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 7.171 square miles (18.575 km2), including 6.748 square miles (17.478 km2) of land and 0.423 square miles (1.096 km2) of water (5.90%).

The Township of Pequannock is located in eastern Morris County, along Route 23, approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) north of the interchange of Route 23 with Interstate 80 and U.S. Route 46. Interstate 287 crosses the northwest corner of the township, with a full interchange just north of the township in the borough of Riverdale. Pequannock Township is located 20 miles (32 km) west of New York City.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Pequannock and Pompton Plains, each of which is served by a separate post office of the United States Postal Service.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 3,853 *
1820 3,820 −0.9%
1830 4,355 14.0%
1840 5,190 19.2%
1850 4,126 * −20.5%
1860 5,438 31.8%
1870 1,534 * −71.8%
1880 2,239 46.0%
1890 2,862 27.8%
1900 3,250 13.6%
1910 1,921 * −40.9%
1920 2,291 19.3%
1930 2,104 * −8.2%
1940 2,856 35.7%
1950 5,254 84.0%
1960 10,553 100.9%
1970 14,350 36.0%
1980 13,776 −4.0%
1990 12,844 −6.8%
2000 13,888 8.1%
2010 15,540 11.9%
Est. 2015 15,506 −0.2%
Population sources:
1800-1920 1840
1850-1870 1850
1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 15,540 people, 6,471 households, and 3,986 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,302.7 per square mile (889.1/km2). There were 6,794 housing units at an average density of 1,006.7 per square mile (388.7/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 95.76% (14,881) White, 0.48% (75) Black or African American, 0.09% (14) Native American, 1.94% (302) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.89% (138) from other races, and 0.84% (130) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.52% (703) of the population.

There were 6,471 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 25.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the township, the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 19.4% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 24.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.2 years. For every 100 females there were 85.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 81.3 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $84,322 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,784) and the median family income was $109,572 (+/- $9,602). Males had a median income of $77,988 (+/- $7,857) versus $50,744 (+/- $7,369) for females. The per capita income for the township was $42,016 (+/- $2,741). About 1.8% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 13,888 people, 5,026 households, and 3,829 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,965.1 people per square mile (758.4/km²). There were 5,097 housing units at an average density of 721.2 per square mile (278.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.60% White, 0.30% African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.91% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.94% of the population.

There were 5,026 households, out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.8% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the township the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $72,729, and the median income for a family was $84,487. Males had a median income of $61,093 versus $38,523 for females. The per capita income for the township was $31,892. About 2.5% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 63.41 miles (102.05 km) of roadways, of which 50.67 miles (81.55 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.54 miles (13.74 km) by Morris County and 4.20 miles (6.76 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Two major roadways exist within the township; Interstate 287 crosses the northwest corner and Route 23 runs near the eastern boundary.

Public transportation

The Mountain View and Lincoln Park NJ Transit stations are both near Pequannock, offering service on the Montclair-Boonton Line to Hoboken Terminal. Pequannock Township was formerly served by the Pompton Plains railroad station, which has been added to the National Register of Historic Places.

Bus service is provided by NJ Transit on the 194 line to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan. In September 2012, as part of budget cuts, NJ Transit suspended service to Newark on the 75 line.

Downtown Pompton Plains is 19.8 miles (31.9 km) from Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark / Elizabeth, 14.1 miles (22.7 km) from Teterboro Airport, 13.7 miles (22.0 km) from Morristown Municipal Airport in Hanover Township, 11.5 miles (18.5 km) from Greenwood Lake Airport in West Milford, 6.6 miles (10.6 km) from Essex County Airport and 1.6 miles (2.6 km) from Lincoln Park Airport in Lincoln Park Borough.


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