West Windsor Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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West Windsor Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of West Windsor
War of the Worlds monument, Grover's Mill
War of the Worlds monument, Grover's Mill
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of West Windsor Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of West Windsor Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Mercer
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Area
 • Total 26.271 sq mi (68.041 km2)
 • Land 25.564 sq mi (66.210 km2)
 • Water 0.707 sq mi (1.832 km2)  2.69%
Area rank 101st of 565 in state
3rd of 12 in county
Elevation 92 ft (28 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 27,165
 • Estimate (2015) 28,383
 • Rank 87th of 565 in state
6th of 12 in county
 • Density 1,062.6/sq mi (410.3/km2)
 • Density rank 373th of 565 in state
10th of 12 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08550 - Princeton Junction and 08540 - Princeton, New Jersey
Area code(s) 609
FIPS code 3402180240
GNIS feature ID 0882124
Website www.westwindsornj.org

West Windsor Township is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey, in the United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 27,165, reflecting an increase of 5,258 (+24.0%) from the 21,907 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 5,886 (+36.7%) from the 16,021 counted in the 1990 Census.

West Windsor Township was established by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 9, 1797, and incorporated on February 21, 1798, as one of the state's initial group of 104 townships. The Borough of Princeton (now part of Princeton) was formed from portions of the township on February 11, 1813. The township is closely associated with that now much more widely known town and several localities within West Windsor use Princeton in their name, the most notable of those being Princeton Junction. The USPS 'Princeton' post office (08540) facility is located within West Windsor, and covers parts of the township designated by Princeton, NJ mailing addresses.

A portion of Princeton University covering 400 acres (160 ha) south of Lake Carnegie is located in West Windsor Township. The University agreed in 2009 to make an annual payment in lieu of taxes of $50,000 that would be indexed to inflation to cover 81 acres (33 ha) of land in the township that the university had purchased in 2002.

In 2015, Forbes listed West Windsor as the 15th most affluent neighborhood in the U.S.

History

The first known European activity in the area now known as West Windsor Township dates to 1634, during the exploration of Captain Thomas Yong. Yong was an Englishman, who reportedly traded with the native Lenni Lenape population. The region was officially claimed for European settlement under the 1682 William Penn treaties, under which the Lenape conveyed vast portions of New Jersey & Pennsylvania to Quaker colonists. Through much of the 18th & 19th centuries, the area was known first as New Windsor Township, and later simply as Windsor Township, and its borders stretched to include all of present-day Princeton and East Windsor townships. In 1797, West Windsor was created and held only parts of Princeton within its boundaries. Following the 1838 formation of Mercer County, West Windsor's borders were again redefined in 1855 to reflect the township's current 26.84 square miles (69.5 km2). The town contained within it (entirely or partly) six small villages whose names & locations are still identifiable and/or in use in contemporary times. They are as follows:

  • Clarksville – at the intersection of Route One and Quakerbridge Roads
  • Dutch Neck – at the intersection of Village and South Mill Roads
  • Edinburg – at the intersection of Old Trenton and Edinburg Roads
  • Grovers Mill – at the intersection of Cranbury and Clarksville Roads
  • Penns Neck – on either side of Washington Road east of Route One
  • Port Windsor/Mercer – at the end of Quakerbridge Road at the Delaware Canal

After the construction of the train station in West Windsor, a seventh hamlet - Princeton Junction - was created.

Grover's Mill in West Windsor was the site Orson Welles chose for the Martian invasion in his infamous 1938 radio broadcast of The War of the Worlds.

During the later part of the 20th century the town underwent dramatic changes, driven mainly by a major boom in new housing developments. For generations, West Windsor had existed mostly as a sparsely populated agricultural community according to a 1999 article in The New York Times, the township "has grown into a sprawl of expensive houses in carefully groomed developments, and home to nearly 20,000 people", since the 1970s.

The West Windsor post office was found to be infected with anthrax during the anthrax attacks in 2001-2002.

In April 2002, a memorial was dedicated to the seven residents of West Windsor who lost their lives in the September 11 terrorist attacks.

Geography

2013-05-04 12 53 55 View west along the Assunpink Creek in West Windsor Township in New Jersey
View west along the Assunpink Creek in West Windsor.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 26.271 square miles (68.041 km2), including 25.564 square miles (66.210 km2) of land and 0.707 square miles (1.832 km2) of water (2.69%) of it is water.

Princeton Junction (with a 2010 Census population of 2,465) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located within West Windsor.

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Berrien City, Clarksville,

The township borders the municipalities of East Windsor Township, Hamilton Township, Lawrence Township, Princeton and Robbinsville Township in Mercer County; and Plainsboro Township in Middlesex County.

A 653-acre (264 ha) tract of land once owned by American Cyanamid and last used up until 2002 as an agricultural research facility by BASF has been dormant since 2002, and as of 2017 is listed for mixed-use development.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,714
1820 1,918 11.9%
1830 2,129 11.0%
1840 1,536 −27.9%
1850 1,596 3.9%
1860 1,497 −6.2%
1870 1,428 −4.6%
1880 1,396 −2.2%
1890 1,329 −4.8%
1900 1,279 −3.8%
1910 1,342 4.9%
1920 1,389 3.5%
1930 1,711 23.2%
1940 2,160 26.2%
1950 2,519 16.6%
1960 4,016 59.4%
1970 6,431 60.1%
1980 8,542 32.8%
1990 16,021 87.6%
2000 21,907 36.7%
2010 27,165 24.0%
Est. 2015 28,383 4.5%
Population sources:
1800-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

AOL/NeighborhoodScout named West Windsor in 2009 as the best neighborhood to raise children because of its school district (top 7% in New Jersey, top 3% nationwide), prevailing family type (families with school-aged children), and neighborhood safety (safer than 97% of neighborhoods).

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 27,165 people, 9,449 households, and 7,606 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,062.6 per square mile (410.3/km2). There were 9,810 housing units at an average density of 383.7 per square mile (148.1/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 54.94% (14,924) White, 3.67% (998) Black or African American, 0.09% (25) Native American, 37.71% (10,245) Asian, 0.04% (10) Pacific Islander, 0.97% (263) from other races, and 2.58% (700) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.47% (1,213) of the population.

There were 9,449 households out of which 45.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.0% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the township, the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91.4 males.

Dutch Neck NJ
Dutch Neck neighborhood

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $137,265 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,610) and the median family income was $156,110 (+/- $6,769). Males had a median income of $120,662 (+/- $6,410) versus $71,151 (+/- $9,841) for females. The per capita income for the township was $59,946 (+/- $3,307). About 3.6% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 21,907 people, 7,282 households, and 5,985 families residing in the township. The population density was 842.4 people per square mile (325.2/km²). There were 7,450 housing units at an average density of 286.5 per square mile (110.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 71.53% White, 2.76% African American, 0.08% Native American, 22.76% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.07% of the population.

As of the 2000 Census, 8.31% of West Windsor Township's residents identified themselves as being of Chinese ancestry. This was the fourth highest percentage of people with Chinese ancestry in any place in New Jersey with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.

There were 7,282 households out of which 50.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.3% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 14.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the township the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $116,335, and the median income for a family was $127,877. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $56,002 for females. The per capita income for the township was $48,511. About 2.0% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

The West Windsor Arts Center is the junction where the arts and community meet. They offer performances, classes, workshops, exhibitions, literary arts events and various other special events. It is located in the historic Princeton Junction Firehouse.

The Mercer County Italian-American Festival is held annually in West Windsor and celebrated its 15th annual event in September 2014.

Parks and recreation

Richard J. Coffee Mercer County Park is located on Old Trenton Road. administered by the Mercer County Park Commission and located primarily in West Windsor Township, it has athletic fields, a dog park, picnic grounds, a newly renovated boathouse and marina, bike trails and an ice skating rink that is home to the Mercer Bulldogs special hockey team.

The West Windsor Community Park is a 123-acre (50 ha) public park which serves as the primary park for active recreation. Facilities include a playground, jogging/bicycling paths, basketball courts, dog parks, a skate park and tennis courts. The park is also home to the West Windsor Waterworks Family Aquatics Center.

Duck Pond Park is a 123-acre (50 ha) park under construction located off Meadow Road between the intersections with Clarksville Road and Bear Brook Road, bordering Duck Pond Run. It is designed to be a "second community park" for the township. As of 2015, lighted soccer fields have been completed and in use by the West Windsor - Plainsboro Soccer Association, as well as tennis, volleyball and basketball courts. Future plans include a playground, picnic areas, an amphitheater, and a fishing pond.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of 2010, the township had a total of 151.84 miles (244.36 km) of roadways, of which 123.43 miles (198.64 km) were maintained by the municipality, 24.16 miles (38.88 km) by Mercer County and 4.25 miles (6.84 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

U.S. Route 1 serves the township, as does Route 64 (which is part of CR 571).

CR 533 (Quakerbridge Road) passes along the western border with Lawrence. CR 526 and CR 571 are multiplexed together from the northwestern part until they split in the center of the municipality. CR 535 passes through in the south and serves Mercer County College.

Other major roads that are accessible outside the municipality are Interstate 295 (in Hamilton and Lawrence), Interstate 195 (in Hamilton and Robbinsville), and the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) (in Robbinsville (Exit 7A) and East Windsor (Exit 8)).

Public transportation

Acela2007
An Acela Express speeding through West Windsor.

Princeton Junction station, a Northeast Corridor stop on Amtrak and NJ Transit, is located within West Windsor. Amtrak's Keystone Service and Northeast Regional routes stop at Princeton Junction which is ranked as one of the ten busiest train stations in the Northeast. The station had 6,800 average weekday boardings in 2012, the fourth-highest of any New Jersey Transit station in the state.

Running between the Princeton Junction station and the Princeton station is what is known to locals as the "Dinky." The Dinky is a one-car train that shuttles back and forth many times a day between the two stations. Traveling 2.7 miles (4.3 km) each way, it is the shortest and most expensive regularly scheduled passenger route in the United States.

NJ Transit bus service to Trenton is provided via the 600, 603, 609, with other area service on the 605 route.


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