Who is a Jew? facts for kids
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The definition of who is a Jew may depend on a few things. Because Judaism has no specific race, it can include characteristics of an ethnicity, religion, and citizenship, and so the definition of who is a Jew is not specific.
This question has been a subject to legal arguments, especially in Israel but also outside of it. There have been court cases in Israel since 1962 which had to address the question. In addition, a United Kingdom court has had to consider whether the question was a racial issue or not, and so have many other countries.
According to the simplest definition used by Jews in order to identify themselves, a person is a Jew either by birth or by religious conversion. However, again, there are differences of opinion among the various about the matter. Therefore, the following need to be taken into account:
- Are the parents mixed (Jew and Gentile)?
- What is the conversion process?
- Has there been a loss of Jewish identity?
- What is the person's diaspora identity?
- Do they have an Israeli citizenship?
Who is a Jew? Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.