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1561 facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 15th century16th century17th century
Decades: 1530s  1540s  1550s  – 1560s –  1570s  1580s  1590s
Years: 1558 1559 156015611562 1563 1564
1561 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1561
Ab urbe condita 2314
Armenian calendar 1010
Assyrian calendar 6311
Balinese saka calendar 1482–1483
Bengali calendar 968
Berber calendar 2511
English Regnal year Eliz. 1 – 4 Eliz. 1
Buddhist calendar 2105
Burmese calendar 923
Byzantine calendar 7069–7070
Chinese calendar 庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
4257 or 4197
    — to —
辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
4258 or 4198
Coptic calendar 1277–1278
Discordian calendar 2727
Ethiopian calendar 1553–1554
Hebrew calendar 5321–5322
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1617–1618
 - Shaka Samvat 1482–1483
 - Kali Yuga 4661–4662
Holocene calendar 11561
Igbo calendar 561–562
Iranian calendar 939–940
Islamic calendar 968–969
Japanese calendar Eiroku 4
Javanese calendar 1480–1481
Julian calendar 1561
Korean calendar 3894
Minguo calendar 351 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 93
Thai solar calendar 2103–2104
Tibetan calendar 阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
1687 or 1306 or 534
    — to —
(female Iron-Rooster)
1688 or 1307 or 535
Dibujo madrid 1562
May 8: Madrid is the new capital of Spain.

Year 1561 (MDLXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


Sengoku period battle
October 18: Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima.
Ruscelli Nueva Hispania Tabula Nova 1561 UTA
Map of New Spain in 1561


  • January 31 – The Edict of Orleans suspends the persecution of the Huguenots in France.
  • March 1 – Kingston Grammar School is founded in England.
  • April 14 – The citizens of Nuremberg see what appears to be an aerial battle, followed by the appearance of a large black triangular object and a large crash (with smoke) outside the city. A news notice (an early form of newspaper) is printed on April 14, describing the event.
  • May 8Madrid is declared the capital of Spain, by Philip II.
  • June 4
  • June 25 – Francis Coxe, an English astrologer, is pilloried at Cheapside in London, and makes a public confession of his involvement in "sinistral and divelysh artes".
  • June 29Erik XIV is crowned King of Sweden.


Date unknown

  • Merchant Taylors' School is founded in the City of London by Sir Thomas White, Sir Richard Hilles, Emanuel Lucar, and Stephen Hales.
  • The first Calvinists settle in England, after fleeing Flanders.
  • The Anglo-Genevan metrical psalter is published, including the Old 100th, the version of the hymn All People That on Earth Do Dwell made from Psalm 100, attributed to the probably-Scottish clergyman and biblical translator William Kethe, exiled in Geneva.
  • Ruy López de Segura develops modern techniques of chess playing in Spain.
  • William Baldwin's Beware the Cat (written early 1553), an early example of extended fiction (specifically horror fiction) in English, is published anonymously in London. This edition appears to have been suppressed, and no copies survive.
  • Between 1561 and 1670, 3,229 alleged witches are executed in southwestern Germany, most by burning.



See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: 1561 para niños

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