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Arata Isozaki
ARATA ISOZAKI, ARCHITECT 01.jpg
Isozaki in 2013
Born (1931-07-23)23 July 1931
Died 28 December 2022(2022-12-28) (aged 91)
Nationality Japanese
Alma mater University of Tokyo (1954 and 1961)
Occupation Architect
Spouse(s) Aiko Miyawaki
Awards
Buildings
  • Festival Plaza at EXPO70
  • Art Tower Mitor
  • LA’s Museum of Contemporary Art
Arata Isozaki (ph. GianAngelo Pistoia) 1
Arata Isozaki in 1996

Arata Isozaki (磯崎 新, Isozaki Arata; 23 July 1931 – 28 December 2022) was a Japanese architect, urban designer, and theorist from Ōita. He was awarded the Royal Gold Medal in 1986 and the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 2019. He has taught at Columbia University, Harvard University, and Yale University.

Biography

Isozaki was born in Oita on the island of Kyushu and grew up in the era of postwar Japan, the eldest of four children of Joji and Tetsu Isozaki. His father was a prominent businessmen. In 1945, he witnessed the destruction of Hiroshima on the shore opposite his hometown. When he accepted the Pritzker Prize in 2019 he stated: "There was no architecture, no buildings, and not even a city. So my first experience of architecture was the void of architecture, and I began to consider how people might rebuild their homes and cities."

Isozaki completed his schooling at the Oita Prefecture Oita Uenogaoka High School (erstwhile Oita Junior High School). In 1954, he graduated from the University of Tokyo where he majored in Architecture and Engineering. He completed a doctoral program in architecture from the same university in 1961. Isozaki also worked under Kenzo Tange before establishing his own firm in 1963.

Isozaki's early projects were influenced by European experiences with a style mixed between "New Brutalism" and "Metabolist Architecture" (Oita Medical Hall, 1959–1960), according to Reyner Banham. His style continued to evolve with buildings such as the Fujimi Country Club (1973–74) and Kitakyushu Central Library (1973–74). Later he developed a more modernistic style with buildings such as the Art Tower of Mito (1986–90) and Domus-Casa del Hombre (1991–1995) in Galicia, Spain. In 1983, he supported an apparently unbuildable entry for a sports club in Hong King by the then-unknown architect Zaha Hadid. In 1985 he designed the interior of New York City's Palladium nightclub. The Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA) in Los Angeles, completed in 1986, was his second international project and his best known work in the U.S.

In 2005, Arata Isozaki founded the Italian branch of his office, Arata Isozaki & Andrea Maffei Associates. Two major projects from this office are the Allianz Tower CityLife office tower, a redevelopment project in the former trade fair area in Milan and the new Town Library in Maranello, Italy.

Despite designing buildings both inside and outside Japan, Isozaki was sometimes described as an architect who refused to be stuck in one architectural style, highlighting "how each of his designs is a specific solution born out of the project’s context." Isozaki won the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 2019.

Isozaki died on 28 December 2022, at the age of 91.

Awards

  • Annual Prize, Architectural Institute of Japan in 1967 and 1975
  • Mainichi Art Award in 1983
  • RIBA Gold Medal in 1986
  • International Award "Architecture in Stone" in 1987
  • Arnold W. Brunner Memorial Prize of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters in 1988
  • Chicago Architecture Award in 1990
  • Honor Award, the American Institute of Architects in 1992
  • RIBA Honorary Fellow in 1994
  • Golden Lion, 6 Venice Biennale of Architecture in 1996
  • The European Cultural Centre (ECC) Architecture Award in 2012
  • Pritzker Prize in 2019

Gallery

Notable works

  • Ōita Prefectural Library, (1962–1966) Ōita, Ōita, Japan
  • Kitakyushu Municipal Museum of Art (1972–1974) in Fukuoka, Japan
  • Kitakyushu Central Library (1973–1974) in Fukuoka, Japan
  • Museum of Modern Art, Gunma (1974) in Takasaki, Japan
  • Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA), (1981–1986) Los Angeles, California, United States
  • Sports Hall for the 1992 Summer Olympics, (1983–1990) Barcelona, Spain
  • Ochanomizu Square Building – Casals Hall, (1984–1987) Tokyo, Japan
  • Palladium nightclub building interior (1985) in New York City, United States
  • Lake Sagami Country Clubhouse (1987–1989), with stained glass skylights and lantern by Brian Clarke, Yamanishi, Japan
  • Art Tower Mito, Mito, (1986–1990) Ibaraki, Japan
  • Team Disney Orlando, (1987–1990) Florida, United States
  • Bond University, – Library, Administration Building, Faculty of Humanities Building (1987–1989) Gold Coast, Australia
  • KitaKyushu International Conference Center (1987–1990) Fukuoka, Japan
  • Palafolls Sports Complex Pavilion, (1987–1996) Barcelona, Spain
  • Centre of Japanese Art and Technology, (1990–1994) Kraków, Poland
  • Nagi Museum Of Contemporary Art, (1991–1994) Okayama, Japan
  • Kyoto Concert Hall, (1991–1995) Kyoto, Japan
  • Nara Centennial Hall, (1992–1998) Nara, Japan
  • Domus: La Casa del Hombre, (1993–1995) A Coruña, Spain
  • Shizuoka Performing Arts Center (SPAC), (1993–1998) Shizuoka, Japan, opened 1999 for the second Theatre Olympics
  • COSI Columbus, (1994–1999) Columbus, Ohio, United States
  • Municipal Daycare and Hospital Complex (1997-1998) Tokyo, Japan
  • Shenzhen Cultural Center, (1998–2007) Shenzhen, China
    • Includes Shenzhen Library and Shenzhen Concert Hall
  • New entrance of the CaixaForum Barcelona building, (1999–2002) Barcelona, Spain
  • Isozaki Atea, (1999–2009) Bilbao, Spain
  • Torino Palasport Olimpico, (2000–2006) Turin, Italy
  • Museum of the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing, (2003–2008) China
  • New Concert Hall Building, (2003–) Thessaloniki, Greece, 2010
  • Himalayas Center, (2003–) Shanghai, China
  • Pavilion of Japanese Army in World War II, Jianchuan Museum Cluster, (2004–2015) Chengdu, China
  • Diamond Island, (2006–) Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (complete in 2012)
  • Coliseum da Coruña, A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 1991
  • Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar, Education City, near Doha
  • Qatar National Convention Center, opened 2011
  • New Town Library (2012) in Maranello, Italy (Arata Isozaki and Andrea Maffei)
  • D38 Office (2012) in Barcelona, Spain
  • Allianz Tower (Il Dritto) (2015), in Milan, Italy (Arata Isozaki and Andrea Maffei)
  • Harbin Concert Hall (2015), in Harbin, China

Other projects

  • The University of Central Asia's three campuses in Tekeli, Kazakhstan; Naryn, the Kyrgyz Republic; and Khorog, Tajikistan
  • The New exit for the Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy – competition winner (Arata Isozaki and Andrea Maffei)
  • The renovation of the Bologna Centrale railway station, Bologna, Italy – competition winner
  • Metropolis Thao Dien, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

See also

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