Okinawa Prefecture facts for kids

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Okinawa Prefecture
Okinawan: 沖縄県
Uchinaa-ken
Japanese: 沖縄県
Okinawa-ken
Map of Japan with Okinawa highlighted
Capital Naha
Region Kyūshū
Island Okinawa
Governor Hirokazu Nakaima
Area (rank) 2,271.30 km² (44th)
 - % water 0.5%
Population  (December 1, 2008)
 - Population 1,379,338 (32nd)
 - Density 606 /km²
Districts 5
Municipalities 41
ISO 3166-2 JP-47
Website {{{Website}}}
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Deigo (Erythrina variegata)
 - Tree Pinus luchuensis (ryūkyūmatsu)
 - Bird Okinawa woodpecker (Sapheopipo noguchii)
 - Fish Banana Fish (Caesio diagramma,"Takasago", "Gurukun")
Symbol of Okinawa Prefecture
Symbol of Okinawa Prefecture
Template ■ Discussion

Okinawa Prefecture (沖縄県 Okinawa-ken, Okinawan: Uchinaa-ken) is traditionally a prefecture in the Kyūshū region of Japan. Okinawa Prefecture is made up of islands which are southwest of the island of Kyushu. Recent government proposals recognize the prefecture as its own region.

The capital city is Naha which is on the island of Okinawa.

History

Timeline

  • 1429: Shō Hashi founded the Ryūkyū Kingdom
  • 1609: Shimazu of Satsuma Province invade Ryukyu Kingdom
  • 1853: Commodore Mathew Perry and US Navy ships at Naha
  • 1875 (Meiji 5): Ryūkyū Domain is created
  • 1879 (Meiji 12): Okinawa Prefecture was established.
  • 1945 (Shōwa 20): US administration after World War II
  • 1953 (Shōwa 28): Partial reversion to Japan
  • 1972 (Shōwa 47): Reversion to Japan
  • 2000 (Heisei 12): 26th G8 summit at Kyushu and Okinawa

Geography

Okinawa is a grouping of many islands along the border at the edge of the East China Sea and the Pacific Ocean from Kyūshū to Taiwan. It is the southernmost prefecture in Japan.

Cities

Okinawa Prefecture has eleven cities. Okinawan names are in parentheses.

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district.

  • Kunigami District (Kunjan)
    • Ginoza (Jinuja)
    • Higashi (Agarijima)
    • Ie (Iijima)
    • Kin (Chin)
    • Kunigami (Kunjan)
    • Motobu (Mutubu)
    • Nakijin (Nachijin)
    • Onna (Unna)
    • Ōgimi (Ujimi)
  • Miyako District (Naaku)
    • Tarama (Tarama)
  • Nakagami District (Nakajan)
    • Chatan (Chatan)
    • Kadena (Kadina)
    • Kitanakagusuku
    • Nakagusuku (Nakagushiku)
    • Nishihara (Nishibaru)
    • Yomitan (Yuntan)
  • Shimajiri District (Shimajiri)
    • Aguni (Aguni)
    • Haebaru (Feebaru)
    • Iheya (Ihyaa)
    • Izena (Ijina)
    • Kitadaitō (Ufuagarijima)
    • Kumejima (Kumijima)
    • Minamidaitō
    • Tokashiki (Tukashichi)
    • Tonaki (Tunachi)
    • Yaese
    • Yonabaru (Yunabaru)
    • Zamami (Jamami)
  • Yaeyama District (Eema)
    • Taketomi (Dakidun)
    • Yonaguni (Yunaguni)

National Parks

National Parks are established in about 19% of the total land area of the prefecture.

Shrines and Temples

Naminouegū was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of the Ryukyu Islands. In 1890, the shrine was recognized in the system of State Shinto. It is among the ranked, nationally significant shrines or Kanpei-shōsha (官幣小社) which includes five sanctuaries.

Related pages

More reading

  • Kerr, George H. (1958). Okinawa: the History of an Island People. Rutland, Vermont: Charles Tuttle Co. OCLC 722356
  • ___________. (1953). Ryukyu Kingdom and Province before 1945. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council. OCLC 5455582

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