Catherine of Medici facts for kids
|Catherine de' Medici|
|Catherine de' Medici, attributed to François Clouet, c. 1555|
|Reign||31 March 1547 – 10 July 1559|
|Coronation||10 June 1549|
|Spouse||Henry II, King of France|
|Francis II, King of France
Elisabeth, Queen of Spain
Claude, Duchess of Lorraine
Louis of Valois
Charles IX, King of France
Henry III, King of France
Margaret, Queen of France
Hercule François, Duke of Anjou
|Caterina Maria Romula di Lorenzo de' Medici|
|House||House of Medici|
|Father||Lorenzo de' Medici, Duke of Urbino|
|Mother||Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne|
|Born||13 April 1519
Florence, Republic of Florence
|Died||5 January 1589
Château of Blois, France
Catherine was married to Henry II of France when she was 14 years old. Their children were:
- Francis II of France
- Elizabeth of Valois
- Charles IX of France
- Henry III of France
- Margaret of Valois
Catherine is buried in the Saint Denis Basilica.
Images for kids
Henry, Duke of Orléans, by Corneille de Lyon. During his childhood, Henry spent almost four and a half years as a hostage in Spain, an ordeal that marked him for life, leaving him introverted and gloomy.
Francis II of France, by François Clouet, 1560. Francis found the crown so heavy at his coronation that four nobles had to hold it in place as he walked up the steps to his throne.
Charles IX of France, after François Clouet, c. 1565. The Venetian ambassador Giovanni Michiel described Charles as "an admirable child, with fine eyes, gracious movements, though he is not robust. He favours physical exercise that is too violent for his health, for he suffers from shortness of breath".
Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre, by François Clouet, 1570. She wrote to her son, Henry, in 1572: "All she [Catherine] does is mock me, and afterwards tells others exactly the opposite of what I have said ... she denies everything, laughing in my face ... she treats me so shamefully that the patience I manage to maintain surpasses that of Griselda".
Catherine's youngest son, Francis, Duke of Alençon, by Nicholas Hilliard, c. 1577. Elizabeth of England called him "her frog" but found him "not so deformed" as she had been led to expect.
Henry, Duke of Guise, by Pierre Dumoûtier. Disarmed by Catherine's sweetness on meeting her for negotiations at Épernay in 1585, Guise tearfully insisted that his motives had been misunderstood. Catherine told him it would be better if he took off his boots and ate something, after which they could talk at length.
Catherine of Medici Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.