Cuisine of São Tomé and Príncipe facts for kids
Santomean cuisine comprises the cuisine, dishes and foods of São Tomé and Príncipe, a Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa. The country consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands: São Tomé and Príncipe, located about 140 kilometres (87 mi) apart and about 250 and 225 kilometres (155 and 140 mi), respectively, off the northwestern coast of Gabon.
Domestic food-crop production is inadequate to meet local consumption, so the country imports much of its food. In 1997, it was estimated that 90 percent of the country's food needs were met through imports. Furthermore, the country is not self-sufficient in meat and food-grain production, and is reliant upon imports of these foods. In 2003, it was estimated that 8.33% of the country's total land is arable.
Primary food crops include bananas, breadfruit, taro, maize, beans, papaya, palm oil, and primary agricultural production crops for export include cocoa, copra and coffee. Fish and seafood is prominent in São Tomése and Príncipe cuisine, and the fishing industry contributes approximately 25 percent to the country's gross domestic product. Poultry is also raised in São Tomé and Príncipe.
The nation's cuisine has been influenced and shaped by African and Portuguese settlers.
Staple foods include fish, seafood, beans, maize and cooked banana. Tropical fruits such as pineapple, avocado and bananas are a significant component of the cuisine. The use of hot spices is prominent in São Tomése cuisine. Coffee is utilized in various dishes as a spice or seasoning. Breakfast dishes are often reheated leftovers from the previous evening's meal.
- Arroz doce is a traditional breakfast food prepared with sweet corn and coconut
- Banana pap is a porridge
- Barriga de peixe is a traditional Santomean dish of grilled fish served with rice, breadfruit or manioc (cassava)
- Broa—cornmeal and rye bread
- Cachupa is a dish prepared with green beans, broad beans and corn.
- Calulu is a traditional dish prepared with grouper or smoked fish, prawns, tomato, okra, aubergines (eggplant), onion, and spices, including grains of paradise. Some versions of the dish may include or use smoked chicken, breadfruit, óssame (a red, bulbous fruit) or bananas. It takes around five hours for traditional calulu to be prepared.
- Chicken with coffee sauce is prepared with chicken, coffee, white wine, cream, garlic, coffee beans and spices
- Flying fish, both cooked and dried varieties
- Boiled pork is a dish prepared with pork, tomato, spinach, onion, garlic and spices
Jackfruit being prepared for consumpution
Estufa de morcego is a bat stew delicacy that is served on saints days and during fiestas.
Desserts and sweets
- Açucarinhas are prepared from coconut and sugar, formed into patties, and fried in palm oil.
- Aranha is prepared with coconut, sugar strings and food coloring.
- Canjica is a porridge that is prepared with canjica maize kernels, egg, sugar, cinnamon and water.
- Chocolate mousse
- Banana seca is a dried, whole banana that has a smoky flavor.
- Bobofrito is a specialty of Príncipe that consists of bananas fried in coconut oil.
- Bread rolls with Portuguese salami and sausages
- Fios is a snack food prepared with corn flour and bananas.
- Gigumba (peanut brittle)
- Palla-palla are crisps prepared with cocoyam or banana.
- Piri-piri sauce prepared with malagueta pepper is commonly available in Santomean restaurants.
Cuisine of São Tomé and Príncipe Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.