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Jasper County, Georgia facts for kids

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Jasper County
Jasper County Courthouse
Jasper County Courthouse
Map of Georgia highlighting Jasper County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded December 10, 1807; 214 years ago (1807-12-10)
Named for William Jasper
Seat Monticello
Largest city Monticello
 • Total 373 sq mi (970 km2)
 • Land 368 sq mi (950 km2)
 • Water 5.3 sq mi (14 km2)  1.4%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 38/sq mi (15/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 10th

Jasper County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,900. The county seat is Monticello. Jasper County is part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.


This area was inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the European encounter. At the time of European-Americans settlement, it was inhabited by the Cherokee and Muscogee Creek peoples, who became known as among the Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast.

The County was created on December 10, 1807, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly with land that was originally part of Baldwin County, Georgia. It became part of the new area of upland settlement through the South eventually known as the Black Belt, and a center of large plantations for short-staple cotton. Invention of the cotton gin in the late 18th century had made processing of this type of cotton profitable, and it was cultivated throughout the inland areas. As migration continued to the west, the county population rapidly rose and fell through the nineteenth century. Georgia settlers pushed Congress for the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which eventually forced most of the Native Americans west of the Mississippi River.

Jasper County was originally named Randolph County (after the Virginian John Randolph). Because of Randolph's opposition to U.S. entry into the War of 1812, the General Assembly changed the name of Randolph County to Jasper County on December 10, 1812, to honor Sergeant William Jasper, an American Revolutionary War hero from South Carolina. However, Randolph's reputation eventually was restored, and in 1828, the General Assembly created a new Randolph County.

Newton County was created from a part of the original Jasper County in 1821.

The Jasper County, Georgia courthouse, was shown and used for filming the courthouse scenes in the motion picture comedy "My Cousin Vinny", starting Joe Pesci. Although the setting of the movie is in Beechum County, Alabama (a fictitious place), near the end of the movie, Sheriff Farley (played by veteran actor Bruce McGill), actually mentions Jasper County, Georgia by name


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 373 square miles (970 km2), of which 368 square miles (950 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (1.4%) is water.

The western portion of Jasper County, west of a line formed by State Route 11 to northwest of Monticello, then along the eastern border of the Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The eastern portion of the county is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin.

Major highways

  • Georgia 11.svg State Route 11
  • Georgia 16.svg State Route 16
  • Georgia 83.svg State Route 83
  • Georgia 142.svg State Route 142
  • Georgia 212.svg State Route 212
  • Georgia 380.svg State Route 380

Adjacent counties

National protected areas


Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 7,573
1820 14,614 93.0%
1830 13,131 −10.1%
1840 11,111 −15.4%
1850 11,486 3.4%
1860 10,743 −6.5%
1870 10,439 −2.8%
1880 11,851 13.5%
1890 13,879 17.1%
1900 15,033 8.3%
1910 16,552 10.1%
1920 16,362 −1.1%
1930 8,594 −47.5%
1940 8,772 2.1%
1950 7,473 −14.8%
1960 6,135 −17.9%
1970 5,760 −6.1%
1980 7,553 31.1%
1990 8,453 11.9%
2000 11,426 35.2%
2010 13,900 21.7%
2018 (est.) 14,040 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,900 people, 5,044 households, and 3,778 families living in the county. The population density was 37.8 inhabitants per square mile (14.6/km2). There were 6,153 housing units at an average density of 16.7 per square mile (6.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 73.9% white, 21.8% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 2.0% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.2% were English, 12.2% were Irish, 11.9% were American, and 6.6% were German.

Of the 5,044 households, 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.1% were non-families, and 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.15. The median age was 39.0 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,081 and the median income for a family was $52,177. Males had a median income of $40,323 versus $27,491 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,263. About 13.2% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 18.0% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Jasper County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 10,771 73.83%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,442 16.74%
Native American 34 0.23%
Asian 22 0.15%
Pacific Islander 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed 634 4.35%
Hispanic or Latino 684 4.69%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 14,588 people, 5,171 households, and 3,807 families residing in the county.


Notable people

  • Susan Holmes - American politician born in Jasper County. 2001 Jasper County Citizen of the Year.
  • Roy "Buckshot" Jones - NASCAR driver.
  • Odell Thurman - NFL player.
  • Trisha Yearwood - Country music artist. In 2005, she released a studio album titled Jasper County.
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