kids encyclopedia robot

List of monotremes and marsupials of Australia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Mammals are divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: egg laying mammals (the monotremes), and live birth mammals. The second subclass is divided into two infraclasses: pouched mammals (the marsupials) and placental mammals.

Australia is home to two of the five extant species of monotremes and the majority of the world's marsupials (the remainder are from Papua New Guinea, eastern Indonesia and the Americas). The taxonomy is somewhat fluid; this list generally follows Menkhorst and Knight and Van Dyck and Strahan, with some input from the global list, which is derived from Gardner and Groves.

This is a sub-list of the list of mammals of Australia.

Conservation status listed follows the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (v. 2013.2; data current at 5 March 2014):
EX - extinct
EW - extinct in the wild
CR - critically endangered
EN - endangered
VU - vulnerable
NT - near threatened
LC - least concern
DD - data deficient
NE - not evaluated

ExtinctionExtinctionExtinct in the WildCritically EndangeredEndangered speciesVulnerable speciesNear ThreatenedThreatened speciesLeast ConcernLeast ConcernIUCN conservation statuses

Monotremata (monotremes)

Ornithorhynchidae

Tachyglossidae

Marsupialia (marsupials)

Dasyuromorphia (marsupial carnivores)

Thylacinidae

  • Thylacine, Thylacinus cynocephalus EX - extinct

Dasyuridae

Tasdevil large
Tasmanian devil

Myrmecobiidae

  • Numbat, Myrmecobius fasciatus EN

Peramelemorphia (bandicoots, bilbies)

Chaeropodidae

Peroryctidae

  • Rufous spiny bandicoot, Echymipera rufescens LC

Peramelidae

Thylacomyidae

Notoryctemorphia (marsupial moles)

Notoryctidae

Diprotodontia

Vombatiformes (wombats, koalas)

Vombatidae
Phascolarctidae
  • Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus VU

Phalangeriformes (possums, gliders)

Phalangeridae
Burramyidae
Tarsipedidae
Petauridae
Pseudocheiridae
Hemibelideus lemuroides -Queensland-8
Lemuroid ringtail possum
Acrobatidae

Macropodiformes (kangaroos, wallabies)

Hypsiprymnodontidae
Potoroidae
Rufous getting into pouch
Rufous bettong
Macropodidae
Red kangaroo - melbourne zoo
Red kangaroo
kids search engine
List of monotremes and marsupials of Australia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.