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Minecraft After School Program enjoying themselves and working/building together
Developer(s) Mojang
Publisher(s) Mojang
Producer(s) Markus "Notch" Persson
Designer(s) Jens "Jeb" Bergensten
Artist(s) Kristoffer Zetterstrand
(In-game artwork)
Markus "Junkboy" Toivonen
Composer(s) Daniel "C418" Rosenfeld
Platform(s) Computer (Java), as Browser Applet, iOS, Android, Xbox 360, Raspberry Pi.
Release date(s) Classic: May 17, 2009
Indev: December 23, 2009
Infdev: February 27, 2010
Alpha: May 17, 2009
Beta: December 20, 2010
Official Release November 18, 2011
Genre(s) open world, survival mode
Mode(s) Single-player, Multiplayer

Minecraft is a video game made by Markus "Notch" Persson. It was run by a company called Mojang, and was sold to Microsoft in 2014 for US$2.5 billion.

Minecraft is an open world survival game where the player can play in a world made of blocks. The player can walk around and break the blocks which make up the interactive landscape. The player can then put the blocks back together to make new constructions. The player uses equipment and tools to break blocks (aka voxels), such as a pickaxe.

The first version was released for PC players on May 17, 2009. After going through alpha and beta versions, the full version was released on November 18, 2011. A version for Android was released on October 7, 2011, and an iOS version was released on November 17, 2011.

The game was released on the Xbox 360 as an Xbox Live Arcade game on May 9, 2012. It was released for the PlayStation 3 on December 17, 2013, and for the PlayStation 4 on September 4, 2013. It was available for Xbox One the next day; and for the PlayStation Vita on October 14, 2014. On December 10, 2013, a Windows Phone version was released.

On April 29, 2019, It was announced the creator of Minecraft will not be included in the game’s 10th anniversary.


Minecraft was created as an experiment to test random creation for caves. Minecraft was inspired by Infiniminer, another game created by Zachary Barth. The first version of Minecraft was released on May 17, 2009. The beta was released on December 20, 2010. The full game was released on November 18, 2011. At first, Minecraft was created only by Markus Persson. Other people started to work on it when Persson started an independent video game company called Mojang Specifications. The company was later renamed simply to Mojang. Later in 2011, a version of Minecraft named "Pocket Edition" was released for iOS and Android. In 2012, Persson gave HAXOB the job of being the main developer of Minecraft. In 2012, Minecraft came out on the Xbox 360 as a download and was available for 1600 Microsoft Points ($19.99). In 2013, Minecraft came out as a disc for the Xbox 360 and PS3. Versions for the Xbox One and PlayStation 4 were released in September 2014. A version for the PlayStation Vita was released in October 2014. The Wii U edition was released in December 2015. In 2017, versions for the Nintendo Switch and the Nintendo New 3DS were released.


In the game, there are three major game modes. In the "creative" mode, players can create and build with unlimited materials. Almost any structure that you create in Minecraft needs a circle as a base. Tombs, towers, chimneys, tunnels are all created with the help of circles. There are Minecraft circle chart, Minecraft circle guide to make a circle in Minecraft. In survival, the first goal is to survive the night. During the night, monsters come out to fight the player, but players can build a shelter to protect themselves from these monsters. Players can build simple shelters by mining wood logs from trees to survive the night and make weapons to fight back. There are other dimensions in-game called the nether and the end. Portals are required to enter both of these dimensions. The nether portal requires at least 3 obsidian blocks going vertically and 2 horizontally. The nether portal can be larges however it must be a rectangle. End portals are found in strongholds located underground. The best way to find a stronghold is to throw an eye of ender into the sky which will cause it to hover over to the direction of a stronghold. In the End dimension is the ender dragon, the final boss. Players can also create and kill another boss called the wither. Creepers, a popular symbol of the game, were created when Persson tried to change the pig model and accidentally made it taller, rather than longer.

Game modes

There are 5 game modes in Minecraft:

  • Survival Mode: The player can gather resources, kill monsters, mine minerals and make items such as tools, armor and weapons, but it is not necessary. The player must gather food in order to survive starvation. If the player dies, they then are given the choice to respawn back into the game and continue to play.
  • Hardcore Mode (Java Edition Only): Is the same as survival mode, but with two differences. If the player dies, the world they play in is deleted and they cannot play in that world again. Also, the game is locked on hard difficulty and cannot be changed without any help from a third-party program.
  • Creative Mode: The player gets an unlimited number of blocks and tools. This mode was created to let the player build whatever constructions they wanted to. They do not need to deal with surviving in this mode, as the player cannot die.
  • Spectator Mode (Java Edition only): Allows players to go into other players' viewpoints and "spectate" them. Players can spectate mobs too. When in this mode, the player has the ability to travel through blocks and can fly. The inventory is invisible, thus making it impossible to place blocks in spectator mode.
  • Adventure Mode: This mode is designed for community maps. The player can not place or break blocks unless they have the right tools.

In all modes (except spectator mode), players can build things such as houses, pixel art and towers. There is also a multiplayer mode, where players can play together over the Internet. This requires the player to enter a server IP address.


Multiplayer, as mentioned above, requires a server address. This is more commonly known as an IP address. Once a player has one of these, they can connect to the server and play with their friends. They can also connect to a server that is very popular and has people the player has never met before and go on any profile they would like.

The other way is to create a local area network (LAN) world, so people connected to the same internet connection can play together.

Consoles use local coop or online coop. 1-4 on local, 1-16 online. PvP is also an option.

Minecraft Realms

Minecraft Realms is a special version of the original multiplayer. When buying a realm, players can buy their own server, hosted by Mojang. In Minecraft Realms, there are several "mini-games", which are maps/games created by popular Minecraft users.


Otakon 2012 077
A creeper.

The term "mob" is short for mobster. Mobs are different kinds of monsters, animals, or Non-Player-Characters (NPC). The different types of mobs are:

  • Hostile: These will attack the player on sight. They include zombies, skeletons, wither skeletons, slimes, creepers, ghasts, the ender dragon, the wither, blazes, witches, endermen, magma cubes, guardians, endermites, shulkers, husks, strays, evokers, vexes, vindicators, drowneds, phantoms, pillagers, sliverfish and ravagers.
  • Passive: These are mostly animals such as cows, pigs, ocelots, cats, red foxes, arctic foxes, bats, chickens, horses, donkeys, mules, rabbits, sheep, parrots, sea turtles, fishes, squids and mooshrooms ("mushroom cows"). They will run away when hit. They cannot hurt the player at all.
  • Neutral: These will only attack the player if the player attacks them first. They are wolves, polar bears, llamas, zombie pigmen, pandas, dolphins, bees, spiders (only attack at night unless you hit them during the day), endermen (attacks if you look at them in the eye), and iron/snow golems.
  • NPCs (non-player characters): This group so far only includes villagers which, like passive mobs, run if hit and cannot hurt the player. They are mobs that will not attack you in any way, and they might even help you.
  • Bosses: These mobs have much more health than normal mobs. They are the ender dragon and the wither. They have different means of fighting the player and drop unique and important items on death.

The Nether

The player can build a nether portal out of 10 blocks of obsidian in a 5x4 grid (not including corners or inside) and go into a different dimension, the nether. Portals can be upscaled to be bigger, as long as they are still square/rectangular. In the nether, they can fight fireball-shooting ghasts, avoid or fight zombie pigmen, attack magma cubes, duel wither skeletons, search for brewing ingredients, dodge the fiery blaze, and try not to fall into the lava. The players can find nether fortresses where blazes and wither skeletons are common. It is mainly constructed of netherrack and nether brick. Players can also find quartz ore and ancient debris. During Minecon Live, a new update for the Nether was announced.

The End

The player must find an end portal that will teleport them to The End. The only way to find a portal is to find a stronghold, either by accident or by using eyes of ender, which can be crafted by players. If they can fend off endermen and kill the ender dragon, they will be shown the credits screen, which also shows a backstory. They can still play after defeating the ender dragon. After players kill the ender dragon, it drops a black egg with purple spots that cannot be moved easily. However, it can be moved with a piston or by placing a torch two blocks underneath the egg and breaking the block between. Unlike the wither, the ender dragon can only be fought once. In the Console Edition, two of the ender dragon's health regenerators, known as ender crystals, are in iron bars. You will be able to respawn the dragon, and the main end island will have other islands surrounding endlessly.


Mob name Color
Creeper Green
Bee Yellow
Ghast Gray
Slime Green
Zombie Green
Pig Pink
Tropical fish Rainbow


Minecraft has a very large community with multiple fan forums and multiplayer servers. The Minecraft community is also one of the largest on YouTube with multiple online personalities creating parody songs, having it's own miniature culture, creative videos mimicking Minecraft counterparts such as mobs, building, PVP (player versus player combat) and other aspects of Minecraft.


The first version of Minecraft is called RD.

Java Edition

On May 17, 2009, Minecraft: Java Edition was released for Windows. It is the original edition of Minecraft. The complete version (1.0) was released on November 18, 2011.

Pocket/Bedrock Edition

On October 7, 2011, Minecraft: Pocket Edition was released for Android. On November 17, 2011, Pocket Edition was released for iOS. On July 29, 2015, Pocket Edition 0.12.0 was released, which added support for Windows 10 (separate to the main Java version). On December 19, 2016, Pocket Edition was fully released. On September 20, 2017, the title Pocket Edition and this version of the game is now known as Bedrock Edition.

Legacy Console Edition/PlayStation 4 Edition

On May 9, 2012, Xbox 360 Edition was released. On December 17, 2013, PlayStation 3 edition was released. On September 4, 2014, Minecraft: PlayStation 4 Edition was released. On September 5, 2014, Minecraft Xbox One edition was released. In 2015, Minecraft for the Wii U was released. In December 2018, all console editions except for the PlayStation 4 Edition were discontinued. The Playstation 4 edition would, however, be discontinued a year later.

Handheld editions

On October 14, 2014, Minecraft: PlayStation Vita Edition was released. On May 11, 2017, Minecraft for new Nintendo 3DS was released. The PlayStation Vita edition was discontinued in December 2018. The new Nintendo 3DS Edition updates ended on January 15, 2019. Then, they made it for Nintendo Switch and finished the PS Vita and 3DS versions.

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