Opium poppy facts for kids
Opium poppy, Papaver somniferum var. album, is a species of plant. Opium and poppy seeds can be taken from them. A great number of opiates, for example, morphine, thebaine, codeine, papaverine, and noscapine, are made from opium. The Latin name means the "sleep-bringing poppy, white form". Some of these opiates make people feel sleepy.
The poppy is the only species of Papaveraceae that is an agricultural crop grown so much. Other species, Papaver rhoeas and Papaver argemone, are important agricultural weeds. They may be wrongly thought of as the crop.
Poppy seeds of Papaver somniferum are important as food. It is where poppyseed oil, a healthy, useful oil, comes from. It is also where poppy seeds come from. The seeds have very little opiates. The oil that comes from them has even less.
Images for kids
Papaver somniferum plant showing the typical glaucous appearance
Opium poppy Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.