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Main Square
Main Square
Flag of Rybnik
Coat of arms of Rybnik
Coat of arms
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Coordinates: 50°5′N 18°33′E / 50.083°N 18.550°E / 50.083; 18.550
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County city county
Established 10th century
Town rights 1327
 • City 148 km2 (57 sq mi)
Highest elevation
290 m (950 ft)
Lowest elevation
210 m (690 ft)
 (31 December 2018)
 • City 138,696 Decrease (25th)
 • Metro
527 017
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
44-200 to 44-292
Area code(s) +48 32
Car plates SR

Rybnik is a city in southwestern Poland, in the Silesian Voivodeship. The city first developed as a fishing centre in the Middle Ages, hence the name of the city alludes to the trade. Rybnik then grew as an important centre of coal mining and the seat of the surrounding county in the 19th century.

Under Poland's communist rule from 1945-1989 the city was projected to grow as a main mining centre of southern Poland. The Rybnik area with its large coal reserves and power plants is an important economic region, and a notable center of music, home of the Szafrankowie Brothers State School of Music as well as a Philharmonic Orchestra.

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