Tarapacá Region facts for kids

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Tarapacá Region (I Región de Tarapacá)
Region of Chile
Iquique theater.jpg
Iquique theater
Flag of Tarapaca, Chile.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Tarapaca, Chile.svg
Symbol
Country  Chile
Provinces Iquique, Tamarugal
Capital Iquique
 - coordinates 20°13′S 70°09′W / 20.217°S 70.15°W / -20.217; -70.15
Area 42,225.8 km² (16,303 sq mi)
Population 336,769 (2015)
Density 8 /km² (21 /sq mi)
Intendant Claudia Rojas
ISO 3166-2 CL-TA
Tarapaca, in red, in Chile
Tarapaca, in red, in Chile
Website: Official website (Spanish)

The I Tarapacá Region (Spanish: I Región de Tarapacá) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions. The present Tarapacá Region was created in 2007 by subdividing the former Tarapacá Region under Law 20.175. It became operational on 8 October 2007.

The port city of Iquique is the capital of the region.

History

Chile's former Tarapacá region was a former Peruvian province, which was occupied by Chile under the 1883 Treaty of Ancón at the close of the War of the Pacific, and then formally annexed in 1929 by the Treaty of Lima.

The region was important economically as a site of intense saltpeter mining, before synthetic nitrate manufacturing became possible.

Geography

The Tarapacá region borders the Arica and Parinacota region to the north, Bolivia's Oruro Department on the east, the Antofagasta region on the south and the Pacific Ocean on the west.

Population

As of 2015, there were (estimated) 336,769 persons living in the region, for a population density of 8.0 inhabitants/km².

The largest city in the region is Iquique, with 164,396 inhabitants (2002 census).

Administration

In 2007, the former region of Tarapacá was subdivided to create the Arica y Parinacota Region to the north and the present day Tarapacá Region to the south. The Tarapacá region is further subdivided into two provinces: Arica and Parinacota.

Tarapacá Comunas Nuevo
Tarapacá Region - Provinces and comunas
Province Capital Code Comuna Area
(km²)
Population
(2002)
Iquique (011) Iquique 01101 2 Iquique 2,242.1 166,204
01102 1 Alto Hospicio 593.2 50,215
Total of Iquique province 2,835.3 216,419
Tamarugal (014) Pozo Almonte
01401 7 Pozo Almonte 13,765.8 10,830
01402 3 Camiña 2,200.2 1,275
01403 4 Colchane 4,015.6 1,649
01404 5 Huara 10,474.6 2,599
01405 6 Pica 8,934.3 6,178
Total of Tamarugal province 39,390.5 22,531
Total of the region 42,225.8 238,950

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