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Taylor County, Georgia facts for kids

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Taylor County
Taylor County Courthouse in Butler
Taylor County Courthouse in Butler
Map of Georgia highlighting Taylor County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded January 15, 1852; 172 years ago (1852-01-15)
Named for Zachary Taylor
Seat Butler
Largest city Butler
 • Total 380 sq mi (1,000 km2)
 • Land 377 sq mi (980 km2)
 • Water 3.0 sq mi (8 km2)  0.8%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 24/sq mi (9/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Taylor County is a county located in the west central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,906. The county seat and largest city is Butler.


Taylor County was created on January 15, 1852, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly from portions of Macon, Marion and Talbot counties.

The County is named for Zachary Taylor, twelfth President of the United States.

The land for building the courthouse was purchased from Andrew McCants, John T. Gray, John Sturdivant, John L. Parker, and a Mr. Covington. (from a meeting minutes March 8, 1852)

Militia districts in the county included Prattsburg 737, Hall 743, Reynolds 741, Butler 757, Cedar Creek 1071, and Whitewater 853.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 380 square miles (980 km2), of which 377 square miles (980 km2) is land and 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.8%) is water.

Taylor County is dissected by the Fall Line geological formation. The upper half of the county is located in the Piedmont region and consists of gently rolling hills and clay-based soils. The lower half of the county is located in the Upper Atlantic Coastal Plain and is markedly flatter and the soil more sandy. The Flint River marks the entirety of the county's northeastern border.

The county is driven by a largely agricultural economy. Peaches, strawberries, pecans, peanuts, watermelons, and cotton are the most commonly raised crops. Lumbering is also important to the local economy. The county is heavily forested in most areas due in part to the many large plantation pine farms. There are also many desirable hardwood forests, especially along the Flint River basin and tributary streams. The southwestern portion of the county is covered with large sandhills that have given rise to several stable sand mining operations.

The county supports a very healthy population of animals, including white-tailed deer, wild turkey, eastern cottontail, raccoon, coyote, bobcat, nine-banded armadillo, Virginia opossum, red-tailed hawk, and the federally endangered Florida gopher tortoise. Taylor County is home to five of North America's venomous snakes (eastern diamondback rattlesnake, timber rattlesnake, Carolina pigmy rattlesnake, eastern coral snake, water moccasin, and copperhead), representing every North American family of venomous snake.

The dominant tree species are southern red oak, post oak, longleaf pine, loblolly pine, sweetgum, and red maple. Taylor County contains the largest stands of Atlantic white cedar in the state of Georgia. These stands can be found along much of Whitewater and Little Whitewater creeks and are at the heart of a growing movement to conserve these unique plant communities for posterity.

The vast majority of Taylor County is located in the Upper Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin), with the exception of a tiny corner of the county just north of Georgia, which is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Walter F. George Lake sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin.

Major highways

  • US 19.svg U.S. Route 19
  • US 80.svg U.S. Route 80
  • Georgia 3.svg State Route 3
  • Georgia 22.svg State Route 22
  • Georgia 90.svg State Route 90
  • Georgia 96.svg State Route 96
  • Georgia 127.svg State Route 127
  • Georgia 128.svg State Route 128
  • Georgia 137.svg State Route 137
  • Georgia 208.svg State Route 208
  • Georgia 540.svg State Route 540 (Fall Line Freeway) (future)

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 5,998
1870 7,143 19.1%
1880 8,597 20.4%
1890 8,666 0.8%
1900 9,846 13.6%
1910 10,839 10.1%
1920 11,473 5.8%
1930 10,617 −7.5%
1940 10,768 1.4%
1950 9,113 −15.4%
1960 8,311 −8.8%
1970 7,865 −5.4%
1980 7,902 0.5%
1990 7,642 −3.3%
2000 8,815 15.3%
2010 8,906 1.0%
2018 (est.) 8,039 −9.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,906 people, 3,522 households, and 2,342 families living in the county. The population density was 23.6 inhabitants per square mile (9.1/km2). There were 4,563 housing units at an average density of 12.1 per square mile (4.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 58.5% white, 39.3% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.3% were American, 10.9% were English, and 8.4% were Irish.

Of the 3,522 households, 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 19.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families, and 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age was 39.7 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,237 and the median income for a family was $35,819. Males had a median income of $40,995 versus $25,919 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,693. About 25.9% of families and 33.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.9% of those under age 18 and 30.7% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Taylor County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 4,584 58.65%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,807 35.91%
Native American 27 0.35%
Asian 29 0.37%
Pacific Islander 2 0.03%
Other/Mixed 199 2.55%
Hispanic or Latino 168 2.15%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 7,816 people, 3,473 households, and 2,208 families residing in the county.




Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Taylor (Georgia) para niños

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James B. Knighten
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