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Tioga County, New York facts for kids

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Tioga County
Tioga County Courthouse
Tioga County Courthouse
Official seal of Tioga County
Map of New York highlighting Tioga County
Location within the U.S. state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  New York
Founded 1791
Seat Owego
Largest village Waverly
 • Total 523 sq mi (1,350 km2)
 • Land 519 sq mi (1,340 km2)
 • Water 4.3 sq mi (11 km2)  0.8%
 • Total 48,455
 • Density 93.4/sq mi (36.1/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 22nd, 23rd

Tioga County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2020 census, the population was 48,455. Its county seat is Owego. Its name derives from an American Indian word meaning "at the forks", describing a meeting place.

Tioga County is part of the Binghamton, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area.


In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting-off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties.

Tioga County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery County (the others being Herkimer and Otsego Counties) in 1791. Tioga County was at this time much larger than the present county, also including the present Broome and Chemung counties and parts of Chenango and Schuyler counties.

Tioga County was reduced in size in 1798 by the splitting-off of Chemung County (which also included part of the present Schuyler County and by the combination of a portion with a portion of Herkimer County to create Chenango County. In 1806 it was further reduced by the splitting-off of Broome County.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 523 square miles (1,350 km2), of which 519 square miles (1,340 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water.

Tioga County is located in southwest New York State, west of Binghamton and directly north of the border with Pennsylvania. The Susquehanna River flows into Pennsylvania from this county. The county is considered part of the Southern Tier region of New York State.

The highest elevation is an unnamed 1,994-foot (607.8 m) hill in the county's northern corner.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-86 / NY 17
  • NY-17C.svg New York State Route 17C
  • NY-38.svg New York State Route 38
  • NY-96.svg New York State Route 96
  • NY-96B.svg New York State Route 96B


Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 7,109
1810 7,899 11.1%
1820 16,971 114.8%
1830 27,690 63.2%
1840 20,527 −25.9%
1850 24,880 21.2%
1860 28,748 15.5%
1870 30,572 6.3%
1880 32,673 6.9%
1890 29,935 −8.4%
1900 27,951 −6.6%
1910 25,624 −8.3%
1920 24,212 −5.5%
1930 25,480 5.2%
1940 27,072 6.2%
1950 30,166 11.4%
1960 37,802 25.3%
1970 46,513 23.0%
1980 49,812 7.1%
1990 52,337 5.1%
2000 51,784 −1.1%
2010 51,125 −1.3%
2020 48,455 −5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020


As of the census of 2010, there were 51,125 people living in the county, with 22,203 housing units, of these 20,350 (91.3%) occupied, 1,853 (8.3%) vacant. The population density was 98 people per square mile (38/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% White, 0.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.


As of the census of 2000, there were 51,784 people, 19,725 households, and 14,320 families living in the county. The population density was 100 people per square mile (39/km2). There were 21,410 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.52% White, 0.54% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population. 16.6% were of German, 16.4% English, 14% Irish, 9.6% Italian, 5% Polish and 4% Dutch ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.9% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 19,725 households, out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.00% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,266, and the median income for a family was $46,509. Males had a median income of $32,161 versus $23,653 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,673. About 6.0% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over. There were 8,784 men of military age residing in the county.




Census-designated place


See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Tioga (Nueva York) para niños

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