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Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia.svg
Royal standard of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Arms of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.svg
Royal arms of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Al-Sultan Abdullah (cropped).jpg
Abdullah of Pahang

since 31 January 2019
Style His Majesty (Malay: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda)
Residence Istana Negara, Jalan Duta, Kuala Lumpur
Appointer Conference of Rulers (rulers of Malay states)
Term length Five years,
not renewable immediately
Constituting instrument Constitution of Malaysia, Article 32
Inaugural holder Tuanku Abdul Rahman
Formation 31 August 1957; 65 years ago (1957-08-31)
Deputy Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah
Salary RM1,054,560.00 per annum
(Civil List Act 1982)

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong (literally 'He Who is Made Lord', Jawi: يڠ دڤرتوان اݢوڠ), also known as the Supreme Head or the King, is the monarch and head of state of Malaysia. The office was created in 1957, when the Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia) gained independence from the United Kingdom. Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy with an elected monarch as head of state. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is one of the few elected monarchs in the world.

In Malaysia's constitutional monarchy, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong has extensive powers within the constitution on paper. The constitution specifies that the executive power of the Federal government isgiven to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. However, he is bound to exercise this power on the advice of the Cabinet or a minister acting under Cabinet authority. The Cabinet is headed by the prime minister, appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong from among the elected members of Parliament. Among them, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong has discretionary powers to choose who he wants as the Prime Minister and is not bound by the decision of the outgoing prime minister if no party has won a majority vote (Article 40). It, however, does not afford him the right and authority to dismiss the prime minister. He also can dismiss or withhold consent to a request for the dissolution of Parliament (Article 40). He may discontinue or dissolve Parliament (Article 55) but he can only dissolve Parliament at the request of the Prime Minister (Article 43). He can reject any new laws or amendments to existing laws but if he still withholds permission, it will automatically become law after 30 days from the initial submission to him (Article 66). The queen consort for the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is known as the Raja Permaisuri Agong and the couple are styled in English as "His Majesty" and "Her Majesty".

The 16th and current Yang di-Pertuan Agong is Al-Sultan Abdullah of Pahang, replacing Sultan Muhammad V of Kelantan, who abdicated on 6 January 2019. He was elected on 24 January, at a special meeting of the Conference of Rulers. He took the oath of office and was sworn in at the Istana Negara on 31 January.

Order of seniority of states

Since the first cycle of ten Yang di-Pertuan Agong (1957–1999), the order among the eligible state rulers has followed the order established by that cycle, namely:

  1. Negeri Sembilan the Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan
  2. Selangor the Sultan of Selangor
  3. Perlis the Raja of Perlis
  4. Terengganu the Sultan of Terengganu
  5. Kedah the Sultan of Kedah
  6. Kelantan the Sultan of Kelantan
  7. Pahang the Sultan of Pahang
  8. Johor the Sultan of Johor
  9. Perak the Sultan of Perak
  10. Brunei the Sultan of Brunei

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