Bernardo de Gálvez, 1st Viscount of Galveston facts for kids

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The Most Excellent Field Marshall

The Viscount of Galveston
Portrait of Bernardo de Gálvez.jpg
Portrait of Gálvez, c. 1785
49th Viceroy of New Spain
In office
17 June 1785 – 30 November 1786
Monarch Charles III
Preceded by Matías de Gálvez y Gallardo
Succeeded by Alonso Núñez de Haro y Peralta
5th Spanish Governor of Louisiana
In office
1777–1783
Monarch Charles III
Preceded by Luis de Unzaga
Succeeded by Esteban Rodríguez Miró
Personal details
Born
Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid

(1746-07-23)23 July 1746
Macharaviaya, Málaga, Crown of Castile, Spain
Died 30 November 1786(1786-11-30) (aged 40)
Tacubaya District, Mexico City, New Spain
Nationality Spanish
Awards Order of Charles III
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Spain Spain
Branch/service Spanish Army
Years of service 1762–1786
Rank Captain General
Marshal
Battles/wars

American Revolutionary War

  • Capture of Fort Bute
  • Battle of Baton Rouge
  • Battle of Fort Charlotte
  • Siege of Pensacola (WIA)
  • Invasion of Algiers

Bernardo Vicente de Gálvez y Madrid, 1st Viscount of Galveston, 1st Count of Gálvez (23 July 1746 – 30 November 1786) was a Spanish military leader and colonial administrator who served as colonial governor of Spanish Louisiana and Cuba, and later as Viceroy of New Spain.

Gálvez aided France and the newly formed nation the United States of America in the international war against Britain, defeating the British at the Siege of Pensacola (1781) and conquering West Florida. Following Gálvez's successful campaign the whole of Florida was returned to Spain in the Treaty of Paris. He spent the last two years of his life as Viceroy of New Spain, succeeding his father Matías de Gálvez y Gallardo. The city of Galveston, Texas, was named after him.

Gálvez is one of only eight people to have been awarded honorary United States citizenship.

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