Blount County, Tennessee facts for kids

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Blount County, Tennessee
Map
Map of Tennessee highlighting Blount County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the USA highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1795
Seat Maryville
Largest City Maryville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

567 sq mi (1,469 km²)
559 sq mi (1,448 km²)
7.8 sq mi (20 km²), 1.4%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

127,253
220/sq mi (85/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.blounttn.org
Named for: William Blount

Blount County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 123,010. It had an estimated population of 126,339 in 2014. The county seat is Maryville, which is also the county's largest city.

Blount County is included in the Knoxville, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

What is today Blount County was for many thousands of years Indian territory, passed down to the Cherokee tribe that claimed the land upon the arrival of white settlers in the late 18th century. Shortly thereafter, on July 11, 1795, Blount County became the tenth county established in Tennessee, when the Territorial Legislature voted to split adjacent Knox and Jefferson counties. The new county was named for the governor of the Southwest Territory, William Blount, and its county seat, Maryville, was named for his wife Mary Grainger Blount. This establishment, however, did little to settle the differences between white immigrants and Cherokee natives, which was, for the most part, not accomplished until an 1819 treaty.

Like many East Tennessee counties, Blount County was opposed to secession on the eve of the Civil War. In Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession referendum on June 8, 1861, Blount Countians voted against secession by a margin of 1,766 to 414. Residents of pro-Union Cades Cove and pro-Confederate Hazel Creek (on the other side of the mountains in North Carolina) regularly launched raids against one another during the war.

Throughout its history the boundaries of Blount County have been altered numerous times, most notably in 1870 when a large swath of western Blount was split into Loudon and portions of other counties. Also, the establishment of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in 1936, while not affecting the legal boundaries of Blount County, has significantly impacted the use of southeastern Blount County.

Blount County has been served by The Daily Times, currently published in Maryville, since 1883.

On July 2, 2015, a freight train carrying hazardous materials went off of its tracks Over 5000 citizens were displaced from their homes within a two-mile (three kilometer) radius.

Geography

Chilhowee-mountain-blount-tn4
Chilhowee Mountain in winter

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 567 square miles (1,470 km2), of which 559 square miles (1,450 km2) is land and 7.8 square miles (20 km2) (1.4%) is water.

The southern part of Blount County is part of the Great Smoky Mountains, and is protected by the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The crest of the range forms the county's border with Swain County, North Carolina, and includes Blount's highest point, 5,527-foot (1,685 m) Thunderhead Mountain, and the 4,949-foot (1,508 m) Gregory Bald, a prominent grassy bald. The northern part of the county is part of the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians. The geologic boundary between the Blue Ridge (which includes the Smokies) and Ridge-and-Valley provinces runs along Chilhowee Mountain, a long and narrow ridge that stretches across the central part of the county. Much of Blount's topography is characterized by elongate ridges and rolling hills— known locally as "The Foothills"— which emanate outward from the Smokies range.

The mountainous southern portion of Blount County is dotted by relatively isolated valleys known as Appalachian coves. The best known of these valleys, Cades Cove, is one of the most visited sections of the national park, and is noted for the remnants of the Appalachian community that occupied the cove prior to the park's formation, as well as an abundance of wildlife, especially white-tailed deer. Tuckaleechee Cove is occupied by the city of Townsend, and Millers Cove is occupied by the community of Walland. This part of the county is also home to two large caves: Tuckaleechee Caverns, a popular show cave, and Bull Cave, which at 924 feet (282 m) is the deepest in Tennessee.

The Tennessee River forms part of Blount's border with Knox County to the northwest. This section of the Tennessee is part of Fort Loudoun Lake, an artificial lake created by the Tennessee Valley Authority. The Little Tennessee River, a tributary of the Tennessee, forms part of Blount's southern border with Monroe County, and includes three artificial lakes: Tellico, Chilhowee, and Calderwood (two others, Cheoah and Fontana, are located just upstream in North Carolina). Little River, another tributary of the Tennessee, flows northward from deep within the Smokies and traverses the central part of the county. The river's confluence with its Middle Prong forms a popular swimming area known as the "Townsend Wye," which is located just inside the park south of Townsend.

Geographical features

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

State protected areas

  • Foothills Wildlife Management Area
  • Sam Houston Schoolhouse (state historic site)
  • Kyker Bottoms Refuge
  • Tellico Lake Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Whites Mill Refuge

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 5,587
1810 12,098 116.5%
1820 11,258 −6.9%
1830 11,028 −2.0%
1840 11,745 6.5%
1850 12,424 5.8%
1860 13,270 6.8%
1870 14,237 7.3%
1880 15,985 12.3%
1890 17,589 10.0%
1900 19,206 9.2%
1910 20,809 8.3%
1920 28,800 38.4%
1930 33,989 18.0%
1940 41,116 21.0%
1950 54,691 33.0%
1960 57,525 5.2%
1970 63,744 10.8%
1980 77,700 21.9%
1990 85,969 10.6%
2000 105,823 23.1%
2010 123,010 16.2%
Est. 2015 127,253 3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014
USA Blount County, Tennessee.csv age pyramid
Age pyramid Blount County

As of the census of 2000, there were 105,823 people, 42,667 households, and 30,634 families residing in the county. The population density was 190 people per square mile (73/km²). There were 47,059 housing units at an average density of 84 per square mile (33/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.73% White, 2.91% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 42,667 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.40% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau. Of the 42,667 households, 1,384 are unmarried partner households: 1,147 heterosexual, 107 same-sex male, 130 same-sex female. 24.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males. However, these data are distorted by female longevity. As verified by 2000 U.S. Census, for every 100 females under 65 there were 98.7 males, for every 100 females under 55 there were 99.5 males, and for every 100 females under 20 there were 105 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,862, and the median income for a family was $45,038. Males had a median income of $31,877 versus $23,007 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,416. About 7.30% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Paratransit

Blount County is served by the East Tennessee Human Resource Agency's Public Transit system. ETHRA, as it is commonly referred to, operates over sixteen counties in eastern Tennessee, and is headquartered in the nearby city of Loudon. The service offers residents of any of the counties covered by ETHRA door-to-door pickup transportation across its service area by request only. ETHRA provides a large variety of services if Blount County, and other parts of East Tennessee. Their transportation-specific services can be further explored at their official website directory dedicated to transportation.

Airports

TYS, McGhee Tyson Airport

Highways

  • Interstate highways
    • Interstate 140 (Pellissippi Parkway)
  • U.S. highways
    • US Route 129 (Airport Hwy, Alcoa Hwy, Hwy 411 South & Calderwood Hwy)
    • US Route 321 (Lamar Alexander Pkwy & Wears Valley Road)
    • US Route 411 (Broadway Ave & Sevierville Road)
    • US Route 441 (Chapman Highway)
  • State highways
    • Tennessee State Route 33 (Old Knoxville Hwy, Broadway Ave & Hwy 411 South)
    • Tennessee State Route 35 (Sevierville Road, Washington Street & North Hall Road)
    • Tennessee State Route 72
    • Tennessee State Route 73 (Lamar Alexander Pkwy & Wears Valley Road)
    • Tennessee State Route 115 (Airport Hwy, Alcoa Hwy, Hwy 411 South & Calderwood Hwy)
    • Tennessee State Route 162 (Pellissippi Parkway)
  • Secondary Routes
    • Tennessee State Route 71 (Chapman Highway)
    • Tennessee State Route 73 Scenic (Lamar Alexander Pkwy & Little River Road)
    • Tennessee State Route 333 (Topside Road, Louisville Road, Quarry Rd & Miser Station Road)
    • Tennessee State Route 334 (Louisville Road)
    • Tennessee State Route 335 (William Blount Drive, Hunt Road & Old Glory Road)
    • Tennessee State Route 336 (Montvale Road, Six Mile Road & Brick Mill Road)
    • Tennessee State Route 429 (Airbase Road)
    • Tennessee State Route 446 (Foothills Mall Drive)
    • Tennessee State Route 447
  • US Park Service Roads
    • Foothills Parkway
    • Little River Road
    • Laurel Creek Road
    • Cades Cove Loop Road

Parks

In addition to the federally operated Great Smoky Mountains National Park, which draws many visitors to the county each year, Blount County operates numerous smaller community parks and recreation centers, primarily in the cities of Alcoa and Maryville. Some of these facilities include:

  • Amerine Park (Maryville)
  • Bassell Courts (Alcoa)
  • Bicentennial Park (Greenbelt)(Maryville)
  • Eagleton Park (Maryville)
  • Everett Athletic Complex (Maryville)
  • Everett Park/Everett Senior Center (Maryville)
  • Howe Street Park (Alcoa)
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. Community Center (Alcoa)
  • Louisville Point Park (Louisville)
  • Oldfield Mini Park (Alcoa)
  • Pearson Springs Park (Maryville)
  • Pole Climbers Athletic Fields (Alcoa)
  • Rock Garden Park (Alcoa)
  • Sandy Springs Park (Maryville)
  • John Sevier Park/Pool (Maryville)
  • Springbrook Park/Pool (Alcoa)
  • Richard Williams Park (Alcoa)

An integral part of keeping the parks, and other parts of Blount County beautiful, is the organization called Keep Blount Beautiful. This organization works in coordination with other companies including The City of Alcoa Residential Recycling Pick Up Service and Blount County HGS Trash and Recycling Same Day Residential Pick Up Service, as well as many other recycling resources in Blount County, to work towards the community goals of reducing air, water, and land pollution in order to reduce particulate matter and smog, and to improve the overall health of local parks and preserved ecosystems in Blount County, as well as surrounding areas, of East Tennessee. These organizations and companies are appreciated by thousands of East Tennesseans due to their honorable work in the Blount County Community.

Communities

Map of Blount County Tennessee
Map of Blount County, Tennessee showing cities, CDPs, and Census county divisions.
Retention-pond-wildwood-tn1
Wildwood area

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Former communities

Images for kids


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