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Buxton, Maine
Falls on Saco River c. 1908
Falls on Saco River c. 1908
Buxton, Maine is located in Maine
Buxton, Maine
Buxton, Maine
Location in Maine
Country United States
State Maine
County York
Incorporated 1772
 • Type Town Meeting
 • Total 52.9 sq mi (106.79 km2)
 • Land 52.19 sq mi (104.95 km2)
 • Water 0.71 sq mi (1.84 km2)
180 ft (55 m)
 • Total 8,376
 • Density 207/sq mi (79.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-09410
GNIS feature ID 0582380

Buxton is a town in York County, Maine, United States. It is part of the Portland metropolitan area. The population was 8,376 at the 2020 census. Buxton includes the villages of Salmon Falls/Tory Hill, Chicopee, Groveville, Bar Mills, West Buxton, and Buxton Center. The old town Common is east of Union Falls, which is the location of Skelton Dam, operated by Central Maine Power, and near historic location of the original settlement at Pleasant Point.


The township was granted by the Massachusetts General Court as Narragansett Number 1 in 1728. It was assigned to Philemon Dane of Ipswich, Massachusetts and 119 other veterans (or their heirs) who had fought in King Philip's War against the Narragansett Indians in 1675. Settlement was attempted in the early 1740s but abandoned because of the ongoing French and Indian Wars.

The first permanent settlement commenced in fall of 1750 near Salmon Falls, which was within protection of the stockaded blockhouse and trading post built in 1728 a half mile below Union Falls in present-day Dayton. Amos Chase was one of the pioneers of the town, and his daughter was said to be the first white child born in Buxton. He was a prominent figure in the area, one of the largest taxpayers, and was the first deacon of the Congregational Church in Pepperellborough (present-day Saco, ME). The first schoolhouse in Buxton was established in 1761 by Rev. Silas Moody. Narragansett Number 1 was incorporated in 1772 as Buxton. It was named by its minister, Rev. Paul Coffin for the spa town of Buxton in Derbyshire, England, for unknown reasons. Buxton, England is often incorrectly cited as the home of his ancestors, but that was Brixton as noted on page 7 of the cited source(2).

Settlers found the land generally level and suited for farming. Chief crops were corn, potatoes and hay. Buxton also provided excellent water power sites. The first sawmill was on the Little River, a tributary of the Presumpscot River. A gristmill called Bog Mill was built at the outlet of Bonny Eagle Pond. The biggest mills, however, were located at the series of falls on the Saco River. Salmon Falls had sawmills capable of turning out four million feet of lumber annually. Bar Mills had gristmills and a box mill. Moderation Falls in West Buxton had sawmills, heading mills and woolen textile mills which produced about 936,000 yards of cloth annually. Buxton's mill town prosperity left behind fine architecture. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places are Elden's Store, the Buxton Powder House, the First Congregational Church, Royal Brewster House and Salmon Falls (East) Historic District.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.23 square miles (106.79 km2), of which, 40.52 square miles (104.95 km2) of it is land and 0.71 square miles (1.84 km2) is water. Buxton is drained by Little River and the Saco River. Bonny Eagle Pond is a 211-acre (0.85 km2) body of water located in the northern part of the town.

Buxton borders the towns of Gorham to the northeast, Scarborough and Saco to the southeast, Dayton to the south, Hollis to the west and Standish to the northwest.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 1,508
1800 1,938 28.5%
1810 2,324 19.9%
1820 2,590 11.4%
1830 2,855 10.2%
1840 2,688 −5.8%
1850 2,995 11.4%
1860 2,853 −4.7%
1870 2,546 −10.8%
1880 2,230 −12.4%
1890 2,036 −8.7%
1900 1,838 −9.7%
1910 1,675 −8.9%
1920 1,560 −6.9%
1930 1,574 0.9%
1940 1,708 8.5%
1950 2,009 17.6%
1960 2,339 16.4%
1970 3,135 34.0%
1980 5,775 84.2%
1990 6,494 12.5%
2000 7,452 14.8%
2010 8,034 7.8%
2020 8,376 4.3%

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,034 people, 3,108 households, and 2,254 families residing in the town. The population density was 198.3 inhabitants per square mile (76.6/km2). There were 3,301 housing units at an average density of 81.5 per square mile (31.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.5% White, 0.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 3,108 households, of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.5% were non-families. Of all households, 19.1% were made up of individuals, and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the town was 41.5 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.1% were from 25 to 44; 32.6% were from 45 to 64; and 12% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.4% male and 49.6% female.

Sites of interest

Centennial celebration, Buxton, Maine. Clearing the tables, com. of arrangement and ladies at work, Aug. 14, 1872, by Towle, S. (Simon)
Centennial celebration, Buxton, Maine, Aug. 14, 1872
  • Buxton-Hollis Historical Society & Museum
  • Tory Hill Meeting House (1822)
  • Brewster Mansion (1805)
  • Powder House (1813)

Buxton in popular culture

  • In the film The Shawshank Redemption (based on the novella Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption by Maine native Stephen King), Buxton is the site of the oak tree and rock wall where Red goes after being released from prison to retrieve a message from his friend Andy Dufresne, who escaped from prison a few months earlier. The actual location of the tree and rock wall is in Lucas, Ohio.
  • Buxton briefly cameos in Purge Feed footage in the 2013 film The Purge.

Notable people

  • Gibeon Bradbury, painter
  • John Brewster Jr., artist
  • Amos Chase, pioneer settler of Buxton
  • Mark H. Dunnell, US congressman
  • Alanson M. Kimball, US congressman
  • Ivory Quinby, politician and businessman
  • Julia Spencer-Fleming, mystery writer/author
  • Ellis Baker Usher, Wisconsin politician
  • Cyrus Woodman, businessman

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Buxton (Maine) para niños

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