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Parliament of Canada
Parlement du Canada (French)
42nd Canadian Parliament (current)
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Houses Senate
House of Commons
History
Founded 1 July 1867 (1867-07-01)
Preceded by

Initially assumed some jurisdiction from:

  • Parliament of the Province of Canada
  • General Assembly of Nova Scotia
  • New Brunswick Legislature

Later added some jurisdiction from:

Leadership
Elizabeth II
Since 6 February 1952
Julie Payette
Since 2 October 2017
Speaker of the Senate
George Furey, Non-Affiliated
Since 3 December 2015
Speaker of the House of Commons
Geoff Regan, (Liberal)
Since 3 December 2015
Justin Trudeau, (Liberal)
Since 4 November 2015
Structure
Seats 443
338 Members of Parliament
105 Senators
Current Structure of the Canadian Senate
Senate political groups

     ISG (54)      Conservative (31)      Liberal (9)

     Non-affiliated (11)
Current Structure of the Canadian House of Commons
House of Commons political groups

     Liberal (177)      Conservative (97)      New Democratic (41)      Bloc Québécois (10)      Green (2)      People's (1)      CCF (1)      Independent (7)

     Vacant (2)
Elections
Appointment by the governor general on advice of the prime minister
Plurality by constituency
House of Commons last election
19 October 2015
House of Commons next election
Scheduled for 21 October 2019
Meeting place
House of Commons of Canada sits in the West Block in Ottawa until 2029
House of Commons of Canada - West Block - Parliament Hill
Ottawa, Ontario
Canada
and
Senate of Canada - Government Conference Centre
2 Rideau Street
Ottawa, Ontario
Canada


The Parliament of Canada (French: Parlement du Canada) is the federal legislature of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, the national capital. The body consists of the Canadian monarch, represented by a viceroy, the Governor General; an upper house, the Senate; and a lower house, the House of Commons. Each element has its own officers and organization. By constitutional convention, the House of Commons is dominant, with the Senate and monarch rarely opposing its will. The Senate reviews legislation from a less partisan standpoint and the monarch or viceroy provides royal assent to make bills into law.

The Governor General summons and appoints the 105 senators on the advice of the Prime Minister, while the 338 members of the House of Commons—called members of Parliament (MPs)—each represent an electoral district, commonly referred to as a riding, and are directly elected by Canadian voters. The Governor General also summons Parliament, while either the viceroy or monarch can prorogue or dissolve Parliament, the latter in order to call a general election. Either will read the Throne Speech. The most recent Parliament, summoned by Governor General David Johnston in 2015, is the 42nd since Confederation.

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