kids encyclopedia robot

Faiz Ahmad Faiz facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids

Faiz Ahmad Faiz
Faiz Ahmed Faiz (cropped).jpg
Native name
فیض احمد فیض
Born Faiz Ahmad Faiz
(1911-02-13)13 February 1911
Kala Qader, Narowal District, Punjab, British India (present-day Faiz Qader, Punjab, Pakistan)
Died 20 November 1984(1984-11-20) (aged 73)
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Occupation poet, journalist and Army officer
Language Urdu
Nationality British Indian (1911–1947) Pakistani (1947–1984)
Education Arabic literature
B.A., MA
English literature
Master of Arts
Alma mater Murray College at Sialkot
Government College University
Punjab University
Genre Ghazal, Nazm
Subject Revolution, justice, love, respect
Literary movement Progressive Writers' Movement
Communist Party of Pakistan
Notable works Subh-e-Azadi
Notable awards Nigar Awards (1953)
Lenin Peace Prize (1962)
HRC Peace Prize
Nishan-e-Imtiaz (1990)
Avicenna Prize (2006)
Spouse Alys Faiz
Children Salima (b. 1942)
Muneeza (b. 1945)
Relatives Shoaib Hashmi (Son in Law)

Humair Hashmi (Son in Law)

Adeel Hashmi (Grandson)

Military career
Allegiance  British Empire
Service/branch  British Indian Army
Years of service 1942–1947
Rank Lieutenant-Colonel
Unit 18 Garhwal Rifles
Battles/wars Second World War
Awards Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE, 1945)

Faiz Ahmad Faiz MBE NI (13 February 1911 – 20 November 1984) was a Pakistani poet, and author in Urdu and Punjabi language. He was one of the most celebrated writers of the Urdu language in Pakistan. Outside literature, he has been described as "a man of wide experience" having been a teacher, an army officer, a journalist, a trade unionist and a broadcaster.

Faiz was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature and won the Lenin Peace Prize.

Born in Punjab, British India, Faiz went on to study at Government College and Oriental College. He went on to serve in the British Indian Army. After Pakistan's independence, Faiz became the editor to The Pakistan Times and a leading member of the Communist Party before being arrested in 1951 as an alleged part of conspiracy to overthrow the Liaquat administration and replace it with a left-wing government.

Faiz was released after four years in prison and went on to become a notable member of the Progressive Writers' Movement and eventually an aide to the Bhutto administration, before being self-exiled to Beirut. Faiz was an avowed Marxist, and he received the Lenin Peace Prize by the Soviet Union in 1962. His work remains influential in Pakistan literature and arts. Faiz's literary work was posthumously publicly honoured when the Pakistan Government conferred upon him the nation's highest civil award, Nishan-e-Imtiaz, in 1990.

Related pages

kids search engine
Faiz Ahmad Faiz Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.