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Limerick, Maine
Main Street (Sokokis Trail)
Main Street (Sokokis Trail)
Official seal of Limerick, Maine
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Coordinates: 43°41′N 70°46′W / 43.683°N 70.767°W / 43.683; -70.767Coordinates: 43°41′N 70°46′W / 43.683°N 70.767°W / 43.683; -70.767
Country United States
State Maine
County York
Settled 1775
Incorporated March 6, 1787
 • Total 28.25 sq mi (73.17 km2)
 • Land 27.14 sq mi (70.29 km2)
 • Water 1.11 sq mi (2.87 km2)
469 ft (143 m)
 • Total 2,892
 • Estimate 
 • Density 106.6/sq mi (41.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-39195
GNIS feature ID 0582556

Limerick (pronounced "LIM-rick") is a town in York County, Maine, United States. It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area. The population was 2,892 at the 2010 census.


This was territory of the Newichewannock Abenaki Indians, whose village was located on the Salmon Falls River. In 1668, Francis Small of Kittery, a trader, bought from Chief Captain Sunday (or Wesumbe) a large tract of land, for which he exchanged two blankets, two gallons of rum, two pounds of gunpowder, four pounds of musket balls and twenty strings of beads. Small thereupon sold half of his interest to Major Nicholas Shapleigh of Eliot, one of the wealthiest merchants in the Piscataqua region.

Settlement was delayed, however, by the ongoing French and Indian Wars, which finally ended with the 1763 Treaty of Paris. In 1773, the heirs of Francis Small and Nicholas Shapleigh promised a township to lawyer James Sullivan of Biddeford if he defended their larger claims. Sullivan accepted and in 1775 helped settle Limerick Plantation, named after Limerick in Ireland, his father's birthplace. It would be incorporated on March 6, 1787. Among the early settlers was Dr. Joshua Leavitt, for whom Leavitt Brook in Limerick is named. The town of New Limerick in Aroostook County would be settled by people from Limerick, Maine.

The village grew along the old Sokokis Trail (now Route 5), which connected the Sokokis village at Pequawket (now Fryeburg) to the tribe's coastal encampment at what is today Saco. Endowed with good soil, Limerick became a thriving farming community. Chief crops included hay, apples, grapes and cranberries. Cattle and dairy products were important. In addition, the town had four blacksmith shops, four shoemakers, two hatmakers, two harness makers and three tanneries. Various brooks provided water power for industry, including four furniture factories and a clothing factory. There were also gristmills, shingle mills and lumber mills. In 1826 the Morning Star, a Free Will Baptist abolitionist newspaper, was founded in the town. In 1846, James Bradbury established the Limerick Manufacturing Company at Brown Brook. It was bought in 1857 by Joshua Holland. The firm produced the nationally famous Holland Blankets, which were supplied to troops during the Civil War. A village once called Hollandville developed around the mill.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.25 square miles (73.17 km2), of which, 27.14 square miles (70.29 km2) of it is land and 1.11 square miles (2.87 km2) is water. Set among hills and lakes, Limerick is drained by Leavitt Brook, Brown Brook and Spencer Brook.

The town borders Newfield, Parsonsfield, Cornish, Waterboro and Limington. Maine State routes 5, 11, and 160 cross through Limerick.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 409
1800 829 102.7%
1810 1,177 42.0%
1820 1,377 17.0%
1830 1,419 3.1%
1840 1,508 6.3%
1850 1,473 −2.3%
1860 1,441 −2.2%
1870 1,425 −1.1%
1880 1,253 −12.1%
1890 966 −22.9%
1900 874 −9.5%
1910 965 10.4%
1920 761 −21.1%
1930 1,199 57.6%
1940 1,080 −9.9%
1950 961 −11.0%
1960 907 −5.6%
1970 963 6.2%
1980 1,356 40.8%
1990 1,688 24.5%
2000 2,240 32.7%
2010 2,892 29.1%
2014 (est.) 2,919 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,892 people, 1,100 households, and 803 families living in the town. The population density was 106.6 inhabitants per square mile (41.2/km2). There were 1,569 housing units at an average density of 57.8 per square mile (22.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.3% White, 0.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 1,100 households, of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.0% were non-families. 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the town was 39.4 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.6% were from 25 to 44; 30.3% were from 45 to 64; and 11.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.


Limerick students grades K-5 attend the Line Elementary School which is also shared by Newfield and which resides in Newfield. It is part of Regional School Unit 57. Students in grades 6-8 attend Massabesic Middle School and students in grades 9-12 attend Massabesic High School, both of which are in Waterboro.

Notable people

  • Alpheus Felch, US Senator; fifth governor of Michigan
  • Joseph M. Harper, US Representative and Acting Governor of New Hampshire
  • Isaiah H. Hedge, MD, abolitionist, early donor to Bates College, physician
  • Moses MacDonald, US Representative
  • Annie Carroll Moore, children's librarian
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