Littlehampton facts for kids
|Littlehampton shown within West Sussex|
|Area||10.06 km2 (3.88 sq mi)|
|Population||27,795 (Civil Parish.2011)|
|• Density||2,763/km2 (7,160/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||51 miles (82 km) NNE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Littlehampton Town Council|
Littlehampton is a seaside resort with pleasure harbour town and the most populous civil parish in the Arun District of West Sussex, England, on the English Channel and east bank at the mouth of the River Arun. It is 51.5 miles (83 km) south south-west of London, 19 miles (31 km) west of Brighton and 10 miles (16 km) east of the county town of Chichester.
The parish covers an area of 11.35 km2 (4 sq mi). The suburban area of the town has a population of approx. 55,000. The conurbation includes other settlements: Wick in the north west; Lyminster to the north; and Rustington to the east. Wick and Toddington, which has a large business park, became part of the town in 1901. Nearby towns include Bognor Regis (WSW) and Worthing to the east. The town is also the westernmost settlement of the 12th largest urban area in England and Wales, the Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton conurbation, a region encompassing 474,485 people (2011 census). The South Downs National Park commences 3 miles (4.8 km) north of the town: Littlehampton links to Amberley and Arundel by footpaths and railway as well as by roads.
A human settlement at Littlehampton can be traced back to prehistoric and Roman times, while it appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 as the small hamlet of 'Hantone'. The settlement is believed to have been a fishing community around this time, appearing on a French map in around 1100 as 'Hanton'. The settlement is then believed to have been given to the Abbey of St Martin de Seez in Normandy, who owned Littlehampton until around 1400. The area then passed back to the ownership of successive Earls of Arundel and Dukes of Norfolk, whose successors still reside in Arundel today.
Littlehampton began to develop as a port as a result of constant silting of the River Arun, perhaps leading to the prefix of 'Little' being added to 'Hampton', in order to distinguish it from the larger Southampton further along the coast. The expansion of port activities led to a new river mouth being cut in 1735, alongside the building of a wooden harbour. At this time it was also known as Arundel Port.
As the eighteenth century progressed, the town developed from a fishing community to a holiday destination, with Lord Byron, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Percy Bysshe Shelley and John Constable all believed to have spent time there.
The town's status as both a port and a holiday resort led to economic success in the nineteenth century, with a railway line and a cross-channel ferry to Honfleur in France being introduced. The population of the town grew tenfold over the century, from 584 in 1801 to 5,954 in 1901. Littlehampton remained as a holiday resort in the twentieth century, becoming known as 'The Children's Paradise' in the 1920s.
Post-war Littlehampton saw large-scale house building on the outskirts of the town, eventually absorbing the surrounding villages of Wick, Lyminster and Toddington, while the commercial element of the town became increasingly focused on boat building and water sports.
In 1967, the town attracted attention by becoming the base for the first ever Blue Peter lifeboat.
Littlehampton is on the A259, though this bypasses most of the town. Littlehampton is connected to the A27 south coast trunk road by the A284, which also provides the main north-south route out of the town and links to the A29 and A24. The A27 also later links with the M27. The A280 also links Littlehampton to the A24 and is a main route from the north-east.
Littlehampton is served by three railway stations, Littlehampton railway station, Angmering railway station and Ford railway station.
Trains services from Littlehampton railway station are provided by Southern and occasionally First Great Western, with direct services to Brighton, London Victoria, Gatwick Airport, East Croydon, Bognor Regis, Chichester, Portsmouth and Southampton.
The Littlehampton Ferry, is a ferry linking the east & west parts of the River Arun together. The Ferry operates from 31 March – 30 September between 10am & 5pm. The Ferry Company also provide harbour tours on the hour.
Gatwick Airport is an hour away to the north, Southampton Airport is an hour and a half away to the west, Chichester Airport is 30 minutes also to the west and Shoreham Airport is 45 minutes to the east. The port of Dover and the Channel Tunnel about three hours to the east; Portsmouth Harbour an hour to the west and Newhaven Harbour about an hour to the east.
Littlehampton has a large number of bus routes from several bus companies. The bus station at Littlehampton handles anything up to 1,000 passengers a day and over 200 buses.
Littlehampton also has a large number of taxis, with taxi ranks all over the town and four different taxi companies.
Littlehampton's port is based around the River Arun, which opens onto the English Channel. A small stretch of this, 5 miles out to sea and 6 miles wide, is locally known as the "Littlehampton Channel". Littlehampton started as a fishing port but now is a thriving port for thousands of leisure craft which visit from all over the UK and Europe. In 2009, use of leisure craft at Littlehampton rose to the extent that at least 200 more moorings were required. Littlehampton is also a commercial port, handling around 50–60 ships a year from Ireland, the Netherlands, Germany, Belgium and France with cargo including marine aggregates, stone, marble chippings and timber. From the early 1920s David Hillyard built yachts in Littlehampton, and the company of David Hillyard Ltd continued here until 2009 producing a total of over 850 yachts.
- Mewsbrook Park
- Brookfield Park
- Rosemead Open Space
- East Beach Green
- West Beach Nature Reserve
- Norfolk Gardens
- Middle Mead
- Water Lane Recreation Ground
- St Catherines Recreation Ground
- Southfields Recreation Ground
Arts and culture
The Littlehampton bonfire procession, bonfire and firework display is an annual event which has been organised by the Littlehampton Bonfire Society since 1952. It is part of a series of bonfire festivals organised by Sussex Bonfire Societies throughout Sussex.
Littlehampton supports a range of performance groups including Stagedoor Theatre Company, The Edwin James Festival Choir & Orchestra, The Musical Comedy Society and Players Operatic Society who perform throughout the year. It also holds a popular 'Last Night of the Proms' concert performed annually by the Littlehampton Concert Band.
On screen Littlehampton
- The BBC comedy sitcom Open All Hours is claimed to be based on a shop in Norfolk Road near to where Ronnie Barker lived, although the series was not written by Barker, and had finished airing before he moved to the town. There was also speculation that one of his characters in the sitcom, Granville could have been inspired by Granville Road nearby.
- Character actor Stanley Holloway (1890–1982) died in The Nightingale Nursing Home, Littlehampton, in 1982 aged 91.
- Littlehampton was the backdrop for Swanage for the first episode of series 2 of the comedy drama series, The Inbetweeners, with filming taking place on the promenade and River Arun. Also the fifth episode of series 2, when Simon goes to see his dad, was filmed at the Travelodge by the Body Shop.
- Littlehampton is also used as the town centre for the 'Moving On' episode of the BBC sitcom Ever Decreasing Circles.
- Littlehampton was in an episode of The Hungry Sailors on ITV.
- Odd Man Out a comedy TV series from 1977 starring John Inman was based in Littlehampton. It was about a man who leaves the safety of his Blackpool fish and chip shop to take over his deceased father's seaside rock factory in Littlehampton with his step-sister Dorothy. The programme only lasted one series.
Littlehampton in books
- Comedian and TV personality, Paul O'Grady, talks about his time living in Littlehampton before embarking on a comedy career in his autobiography.
- Littlehampton is the setting for an important episode in British author Kazuo Ishiguro's 2005 novel Never Let Me Go.
- Littlehampton Beach is the setting for Stuart Millard's Beach Diaries series of books.
Theatre and cinema
The Windmill Entertainment Centre is a small theatre and single-screen cinema, with a 213-seat auditorium situated on the seafront in Littlehampton.
The flints that make up Littlehampton's West Beach contain quite a few fossils. The flints are formed by silica from sea sponges and diatoms from around 60 to 95 million years ago. Some of the creatures become fossilised and can be seen as patterns on the outside of the flint. These are known locally as Shepherds crowns. The Littlehampton Museum occasionally organises fossil hunting walks during the school holidays.
Littlehampton Floods 2012
On 10 June 2012, heavy rain fell on the town and continued into the early hours of 11 June at which point more than 26 homes got flooded along the waterfront, along with multiple flooded roads leading to road closures and many other homes flooded in the town. A rescue centre was set up at the local Leisure Centre for those evacuated during the floods. During the flooding local emergency services received over 150 flood-related calls.
Littlehampton is twinned with two towns. Each is twinned with the others:
Images for kids
Littlehampton Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.