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Ludwig Boltzmann
Ludwig Boltzmann
Born Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann
(1844-02-20)February 20, 1844
Vienna, Austrian Empire
Died September 5, 1906(1906-09-05) (aged 62)
Tybein, Triest, Austria-Hungary
Residence Austria, Germany
Nationality Austrian
Fields Physics
Alma mater University of Vienna
Doctoral advisor Josef Stefan
Other academic advisors Robert Bunsen
Leo Königsberger
Gustav Kirchhoff
Hermann von Helmholtz
Doctoral students
  • Paul Ehrenfest
  • Philipp Frank
  • Gustav Herglotz
  • Franc Hočevar
  • Ignacij Klemenčič
Other notable students
Known for
Notable awards ForMemRS (1899)

Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann (February 20, 1844 – September 5, 1906) was an Austrian physicist and philosopher whose greatest achievement was in the development of statistical mechanics, which explains and predicts how the properties of atoms (such as mass, charge, and structure) determine the physical properties of matter (such as viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion).

Boltzmann coined the word ergodic while he was working on a problem in statistical mechanics.

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