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Pembroke, Massachusetts
Town
Pembroke Town Hall
Pembroke Town Hall
Flag of Pembroke, Massachusetts
Flag
Official seal of Pembroke, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Plymouth
Settled 1650
Incorporated 1712
Area
 • Total 23.5 sq mi (60.8 km2)
 • Land 21.8 sq mi (56.6 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4.2 km2)
Elevation 70 ft (21 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 17,837
 • Density 759.0/sq mi (293.37/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02359
Area code(s) 339 / 781
FIPS code 25-52630
GNIS feature ID 0618348
Website http://www.townofpembrokemass.org/

Pembroke is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 17,837 at the 2010 census.

The southwestern section of Pembroke is also known as Bryantville.

History

The earliest European settlers were Robert Barker and Dolor Davis, who settled in the vicinity of Herring Brook in 1650. Up until that time, the Wampanoag and the Massachusett were the only residents, fishing and farming along the rivers; they called the area Mattakeesett, which means "place of much fish", because of the annual springtime run of herring in the local rivers. The land was part of the Major's Purchase, a large tract of lands bought from Josias Wampatuck of the Massachusetts by a group of English investors. The area was once a part of Duxbury, before incorporating as a separate town in 1712, and was ultimately named for the town of Pembroke, Wales, the name of Brookfield being rejected because it was already in use by the town in Worcester County that still bears this name.

Most notable of the town's resources are its water resources, which include the North River and Indian Head River; its ponds, Oldham, Furnace, Great Sandy Bottom, Little Sandy Bottom, and Stetson Ponds; and Silver Lake. The town's ponds, streams and marshes are the home of herring that were prized so much that in 1741, the town began regulating the taking and preservation of the fish. The herring are celebrated each year at the town's annual "Grande Old Fish Fry".

The Pembroke Iron Works was established in 1720 and used iron dredged from the bottom of the ponds. Ice was cut from the ponds, stored in icehouses, and used in the summer months for food preservation. The ponds and streams also provided power for various mills, including grist, flour and sawmills. Later, shipbuilding and box manufacturing became important factors in the development of the town.

The town has large tracts of woodlands that provided timber for homes and industry, and provided cover for abundant wildlife. Because of its proximity to timber and location on the river, the town in its early years was known for its shipbuilding industry. The North River was the location of five shipyards – Brick Kiln Yard, Seabury Point, Job's Landing, Turner's Yard and Macy's. Between 1678 and 1871, 1,025 vessels were produced on the shores of the North River.

Just before the Revolution, Reverend Gad Hitchcock of Pembroke (who had served with the provincial troops as a chaplain in upstate New York during the French and Indian war) gave a sermon in Boston blasting the British, and was rewarded for this with a set of fine new clothes from Samuel Adams. Residents of Pembroke again served with honor from the first "alarm" sent out by Paul Revere and others on April 19, 1775, till the end of the war.

The town took its current form in 1820, when the western half of town known as the "West Parish" was separated and incorporated as Hanson. Shipbuilding was among the area's industries, with five yards along the North River. Famous among these were the Beaver, a vessel made famous for its role in the Boston Tea Party, and the Maria, memorialized on the Pembroke town seal. It was along the same river, on the Norwell side, that the Columbia, namesake of the Columbia River in Oregon, was launched. By the turn of the 20th century, mills had sprung up along the river, and the town's ponds and streams provided the water for cranberry bogs. Because of rail service from Brockton, the town's ponds also provided recreation and vacation spots for city dwellers.

A Massachusetts Historical Commission reconnaissance survey report dated June 1981 indicated that in the early 20th century the popularity of the cranberry spurred the construction of numerous bogs. By 1924 there were 17 cranberry growers in the Pembroke directory, with 14 producers listed as having Bryantville addresses. In the same year there were 14 poultry farmers listed, indicating that by that time poultry raising was well established in town. The E. H. Clapp rubber works, initiated on the Hanover side of the Indian Head River in 1871, expanded in 1873 to the Pembroke side of the river.

In the late 19th century and early 20th century, the ponds became an attraction for summer vacationers seeking relief from the heat in the cities. The Brockton and Plymouth Railway Co. initiated trolley service from Brockton and facilitated the development of Mayflower Grove in Bryantville as a popular summer recreation venue. The attractiveness of the ponds for summer recreation led to the development of numerous, dense cottage colonies built along their shores. The ponds are currently used for recreation, municipal water supplies and irrigation for cranberry bogs.

The town remained relatively stable in population from the end of the Civil War until the 1960s, when suburban migration from Boston and environs saw the town more than triple in population. Today, Pembroke is mostly a suburban community, with the majority of residents working in the Greater Boston area. In recent years Pembroke has developed into a fairly affluent and desirable community, with new home developments geared towards upmarket buyers.

As of 2009, Pembroke was a contender for CNN Money's "Best Places to Live", according to financial, education and quality of life statistics.[1]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 23.5 square miles (61 km2), of which 21.8 square miles (56 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), or 6.95%, is water. Statistically, Pembroke is slightly smaller than the state average in terms of land area. Pembroke is bordered by Norwell to the north, Marshfield to the northeast, Duxbury to the east, Kingston to the southeast, Plympton to the south, Halifax to the southwest, Hanson to the west, and Hanover to the northwest. Pembroke is approximately 12 miles (19 km) east of Brockton, 13 miles (21 km) northwest of Plymouth, and 27 miles (43 km) southeast of Boston.

Pembroke's geography can be divided in half. The northern half is dominated by the rivers and streams of the area, flowing through thick forests which once provided the lumber for the North River's shipbuilding industry. The southern half is dominated by several ponds and Silver Lake, where the towns of Pembroke, Kingston, Plympton and Halifax come together. The town has its own municipal forest, which is divided into sections around town.

One notable water resource in Pembroke is Great Sandy Bottom Pond, the water of which is currently leased to the Abington-Rockland Water Commission. A website [2] displays many pictures of the plants and animals of the area, for example, eagles, herons, egrets, turtles, raccoons and fox.

Transportation

Massachusetts Route 3 passes through the town's northeast corner, skirting the irregular border with Marshfield. There is an exit from Route 3 in the town, which also grants access to Marshfield along Route 139. The town's other state routes include Routes 14, 27, 36, 53 and 139. Route 14 is in the town the longest, and passes through the town center. Route 36's northern terminus is at Route 14 just south of the town center.

There is no rail or air service in the town. The Kingston-Route 3 line of the MBTA's Commuter Rail passes just to the southeast of town, with the nearest stops being in Hanson and Halifax. Two public municipal airports are nearby: Cranland Airport in Hanson and Marshfield Municipal Airport. The nearest national and international air service is at Logan International Airport in Boston.

Air strips

Two privately owned grass runways are located in Pembroke, one of which is dubbed Pheasant Field, consisting of an 1,800 foot grass strip located on a secluded road north of the town center and which now appears to be closed, with the property seemingly overgrown with trees and vegetation; it is estimated that no aircraft have operated out of this location in around 10-15 years.

The other airport is called Sherman Field and is located on the much busier Barker Street, about one mile from Pembroke center and across the street from the historical Herring Run area. It was named after its original owner Al Sherman, who built the airport in 1949. In 1963 it was officially listed on aviation maps of the location but like Pheasant Field, remained mostly unused from the early 1990s until the mid-2000s, when it came under new ownership, Its FAA identifier is Sherman Pvt MA63. Since 2005 there has been much construction on the property which also contains a house and hangar, as well as two multi-purpose sheds which were both built since the new ownership. The field area where aircraft park was extensively cleared between 2006-2009 and the original 1,600 foot grass runway was extended to a larger 2,100 feet both to accommodate larger aircraft and to make takeoffs and landings safer. Aircraft usage was seldom throughout these years with the owner briefly keeping a Piper Supercub aircraft in the hangar and a few aircraft up to the size of a Cessna 206 utilizing the runway.

In August 2012, the owners hosted an antique air show, which was open to the public at the location as part of the Pembroke tercentenary held that year, although it was for the most part privately established and funded. The town offered constant shuttle bus service that went from the center of town to Sherman Field from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. Total attendance was estimated at over 2,000 with about 14 airplanes, including a restored Boeing PT-17 Stearman bi-plane arriving at the airport throughout the day, other attractions included a flight-simulator and rides on a Robinson R44 helicopter by Ryan Rotors out of Plymouth Municipal Airport.

Another fly-in took place in 2013; however, it lacked involvement from the town and was not fully open to the public, a total of 27 aircraft arrived with a much better turnout than the previous event. It is planned that a private fly-in is to take place at the location annually, on the third weekend in August.

It was recently reported that a horse barn was built on the location, which explains the lack of aircraft traffic recently.

Demographics

See also: List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 1,388 —    
1860 1,524 +9.8%
1870 1,447 −5.1%
1880 1,405 −2.9%
1890 1,320 −6.0%
1900 1,240 −6.1%
1910 1,336 +7.7%
1920 1,358 +1.6%
1930 1,492 +9.9%
1940 1,718 +15.1%
1950 2,579 +50.1%
1960 4,919 +90.7%
1970 11,193 +127.5%
1980 13,487 +20.5%
1990 14,544 +7.8%
2000 16,927 +16.4%
2010 17,837 +5.4%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.

As of the census of 2007, there were 18,549 people, 5,750 households, and 4,553 families residing in the town. The population density was 774.9 people per square mile (299.2/km²). Statistically, the town's population and population density is slightly smaller than average, just below both averages. There were 5,897 housing units at an average density of 270.0 per square mile (104.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.89% White, 0.50% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.53% of the population.

There were 5,750 households out of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.8% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males. As of 2009, Pembroke has a Marriage % of 62.1 and a Divorce % of 8.2. [3]

As of 2009, the median income for a household in the town was $74,985, and the median income for a family was $96,483. Males had a median income of $60,778 versus $46,581 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,066. About 3.7% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and media

Pembroke is served by the Boston metropolitan media. Regional daily newspapers which cover the town include the Quincy Patriot Ledger and the Brockton Enterprise. For many years, the town was covered by the weekly Silver Lake News, based in Pembroke; it is currently served by one weekly, The Pembroke Mariner & Express.

The public access organization that serves the town is PACTV located in Plymouth, MA. Residents can watch a public access channel (13) shared with Plymouth, Duxbury, and Kingston, as well as the education channel (14) and government channel (15). The Pembroke Government Channel is where you can see gavel-to-gavel coverage of local government meetings held in Pembroke, Massachusetts, government shows with local, county and state officials and other government-related programming. PCN (PACTV Community News) is a local news program shown weekly on channel 13. The education channel features all kinds of performing arts from Pembroke as well as Titan TV News a monthly show produced by journalism students at Pembroke High School.

The town is supportive to many arts programs, including the Pembroke Imperials Drum & Bugle Corps, a corps active on and off since the 1960s.

The Pembroke Association of Performing Arts (PAPA) is dedicated to promoting and maintaining enthusiastic interest in all aspects of the performing arts programs in Pembroke schools.[4]

Points of interest

Society of Friends meetinghouse Pembroke
Pembroke Friends Meetinghouse (1706)

Pembroke Country Club, recently purchased by former NHL player Jeremy Roenick, is an 18-hole course featuring 6,532 yards of golf from the longest tees for a par of 71. The course rating is 71.1 and it has a slope rating of 124. Pembroke Country Club was designed by Philip A. Wogan, ASGCA, and opened in 1973.

Pembroke Historical Society is a museum consisting of two former one-room school buildings. The former Bryantville School, built in 1847, was donated by Marcus L. Urann and moved to the site in 1952. The former "cedar Swamp Schools" was donated by Mrs. Oliver Amos and moved to the site in 1968. As part of the nation's 1976 Bicentennial celebration, a Tool Museum was established in the lower level of the Museum Building.

The Pembroke Friends Meetinghouse (1706) is located at Routes 139 and 53. The interior is divided in half, with women sitting on one side and men on the other. In the 18th and 19th centuries, many leading citizens were Quakers. Among the oldest Quaker sites in America, the structure was deeded to the Historical Society in 1973.

The Grand Old Fish Fry is usually held the first weekend in May at the Thomas Reading Herring Run Park on Route 14 (Barker Street). For 30+ years the Historical Society has invited the public to the herring run for a day of great food, music, duck races and much more. When the event first began herring were caught with nets and cooked right on site by Chef Bobby Hackett. Unfortunately, the state no longer allows the harvesting of herring due to the low numbers. Fish cakes have replaced the herring meal, and no one seems to be complaining. This is the primary fundraiser and one of the most popular for the Society. Funds raised go to the care and maintenance of the three properties (Friends Meeting House, Adah Hall House and the museum building) owned by the Historical Society.


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