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Royal Caribbean International
Industry Transportation
Founded 1968
Headquarters Miami, Florida, USA
Key people
Richard D. Fain (CEO)
Products Cruises
Revenue Increase USD $5.229 billion (2006)
Operating income
Increase USD $858.4 million (2006)
Increase USD $633.9 million (2006)
Royal Caribbean headquarters (cropped)
U.S. headquarters in Miami, Florida.

Royal Caribbean International (NYSE: RCL) is a Norwegian-American cruise ship company based in Miami, Florida.


Current fleet

All ships under Royal Caribbean have names ending with the phrase "of the Seas", a theme that began in 1987 with Sovereign of the Seas, which was delivered that same year.

Empress class

The Empress class is a single-ship class consisting solely of Empress of the Seas. The ship was originally a newbuild ordered by Admiral Cruises and slated to enter service as Future Seas, but became part of the Royal Caribbean fleet when Admiral Cruises merged with Royal Caribbean in 1988, while the ship was still under construction. It was eventually completed in 1990 as Nordic Empress, and was renamed Empress of the Seas in 2004. It was transferred to Pullmantur Cruises in 2008 as Empress and served there until 2016, when it was transferred back to Royal Caribbean and refitted to continue service with its earlier owner as Empress of the Seas again.

Ship Year
Berths Notes Ship image
Double Maximum
Empress of the Seas 1990 48,563 1,840 Sailed for Pullmantur Cruises as Empress from 2008 to 2016.
Empress of the Seas in Grand Cayman May 30, 2016 (cropped).jpg

Sovereign class

At approximately 73,000 GT, these were described as the first "mega-ships" in the industry (with the exception of the SS Norway, an ocean liner converted into a cruise ship) built at the Chantiers de l'Atlantique shipyard in Saint-Nazaire, France. The first one, Sovereign of the Seas, was launched in 1988. The Sovereign-class ships were the first cruise ships to have an open atrium area. Like larger Royal Caribbean ships, the Sovereign-class ships have pools, open bars and lounges inside, and grand theaters.

Both Sovereign of the Seas and Monarch of the Seas were transferred to the fleet of Pullmantur Cruises in October 2008 and April 2013, respectively. Plans to transfer Majesty of the Seas to Pullmantur in 2016 were announced in November 2014, but Royal Caribbean reversed those plans in July 2015, instead stating that Majesty of the Seas would stay with Royal Caribbean International.

Ship Year
Berths Notes Ship image
Double Maximum
Majesty of the Seas 1992 74,007 2,350 2,767

Vision class

The Vision class consists of three pairs of sister ships. Legend and Splendour, built at Chantiers de l'Atlantique, Saint-Nazaire, France have a gross tonnage of approximately 70,000. Grandeur and Enchantment were built at Kvaerner Masa-Yards, Helsinki, Finland and had an original tonnage of approximately 73,000 GT. The final pair, Rhapsody and Vision were also built at Chantiers de l'Atlantique, and have a tonnage of 78,000 GT. In 2005, a 74-foot (23 m) midsection was added to Enchantment of the Seas, bringing its tonnage to over 80,000 GT. All ships of this class feature over 2 acres (8,100 m2) of glass. Royal Caribbean sold both Splendour of the Seas and Legend of the Seas to Marella Cruises. Splendour of the Seas last sailed for Royal Caribbean on April 4, 2016, and the final Legend of the Seas sailing for Royal Caribbean left port on March 13, 2017. In October 2019, RCI announced that the Grandeur of the Seas will be leaving the fleet after it's last scheduled sailing on March 21, 2021 transferring to Pullmantur Cruises.

Ship Year
Berths Notes Ship image
Double Maximum
Grandeur of the Seas 1996 73,817 1,992 2,440 On October 16, 2019, it was announced Grandeur of the Seas would be transferred to Pullmantur Cruises in the Spring of 2021.
Grandeur of the Seas (cropped).jpg
Rhapsody of the Seas 1997 78,491 1,998 2,416
Rhapsody of the Seas - Skagway, AK (cropped).jpg
Enchantment of the Seas 1997 82,910 2,252 2,730
Enchantment of the Seas.jpg
Vision of the Seas 1998 78,340 2,050 2,514
Vision of the Seas departing Tallinn 19 August 2013 (cropped).JPG

Voyager class

The sixth largest passenger ships at sea (Royal Caribbean's own Oasis, Quantum and Freedom classes, Norwegian Cruise Line's Norwegian Epic and Cunard's Queen Mary 2), the Voyager-class ships were the largest class of cruise ships in the world when constructed and were the first ships to have an ice rink at sea and the first to have Royal Caribbean's "Royal Promenade" mall concept, a main thoroughfare extending most of the length of the ship, flanked by bars, cafes, and shopping venues. They were built at Kvaerner Masa-Yards' (now Meyer Turku) facility in Turku, Finland. They have a gross tonnage of around 137,000 tonnes. Activity options on all five ships board include a basketball court, at least three pools, a mini-golf course, a rock wall, an ice skating rink and, originally, an inline skating track. Navigator of the Seas replaced the inline skating track with a Flowrider surf simulator in 2014, and similar changes are planned for Voyager and Explorer.

Navigator of the Seas and Mariner of the Seas are second-generation Voyager-class vessels, and feature glass stateroom balconies that extend out from the superstructure of the ship and a larger Windjammer buffet area.

Ship Year
Berths Notes Ship image
Double Maximum
Voyager of the Seas 1999 137,276 3,114 3,840 Refurbished in the Fall of 2019.
Voyager of the Seas in Sydney.jpg
Explorer of the Seas 2000 137,308 3,114 3,840
Explorer of the Seas, Fremantle, 2015 (01) (cropped).JPG
Adventure of the Seas 2001 137,276 3,114 3,807
Adventure of the Seas Wade 2012 (cropped).JPG
Navigator of the Seas 2002 139,999 3,376 4,000
Navigator of the Seas 2014 Galveston 1 (cropped).JPG
Mariner of the Seas 2003 139,863 3,114 3,807
Mariner of the Seas at hakata port (cropped).jpg

Radiance class

All Radiance-class ships have a gross tonnage of 90,090 and environmentally friendlier gas turbine engines. The Radiance-class ships have over 3 acres (12,000 m2) of glass, glass exterior viewing elevators, over 700 balcony staterooms, two-level glass windowed dining rooms, alternative restaurants, a retractable glass roof over a pool, an outdoor pool, as well as the first self-leveling billiard tables at sea. The Radiance class ships were constructed at Meyer Werft, Papenburg, Germany. Unlike the preceding Voyager class, these ships are built to the Panamax form factor, allowing them to pass through the Panama Canal.

Ship Year
Berths Notes Ship image
Double Maximum
Radiance of the Seas 2001 90,090 2,143 2,466
Radiance of the Seas - Juneau, AK (cropped).jpg
Brilliance of the Seas 2002 90,090 2,142 2,543
Brilliance of the Seas in Tallinn 9 August 2012 (cropped).JPG
Serenade of the Seas 2003 90,090 2,146 2,476
Serenade of the Seas at Grand Cayman1 (cropped).JPG
Jewel of the Seas 2004 90,090 2,112 2,502
Jewel of the Seas G628 (cropped).jpg

Freedom class

The Freedom-class ships are lengthened versions of the second-generation Voyager-class ship, and contain a 400-foot (120 m) Royal Promenade mall running much of the length of the ship, an ice skating rink, basketball court, several pools, a mini-golf course, and a rock wall. New features on the Freedom class include the FlowRider surfing simulator, the H2O Zone kids water play area, a boxing ring, and hot tubs cantilevered over the side of the ship. At 154,407 gross tons, the Freedom-class ships were the largest ships in the world from 2006, until the debut of the Oasis class in 2009.

Ship Year
Berths Notes Ship image
Double Maximum
Freedom of the Seas 2006 154,407 3,782 4,515 To be refurbished for 2020
MS Freedom of the Seas in its maiden voyage (cropped).jpg
Liberty of the Seas 2007 155,889 3,798 4,960
Liberty Of The Seas GC 12-22-16 (cropped).jpg
Independence of the Seas 2008 154,407 3,634 4,375
MS Independence of the Seas in Southampton (cropped).JPG

Oasis class

The Oasis-class ships are the largest cruise ships ever built, having surpassed Freedom-class ships. They can accommodate up to 5,400 passengers at double occupancy and they have a maximum capacity of 6,296 passengers. Furthermore, the ships have a gross tonnage of at least 225,282 tons, and cost the line around US$1.4 billion each. The first two ships in the class, Oasis of the Seas and Allure of the Seas, were delivered in 2009 and 2010 by STX Europe Turku Shipyard, Finland. The third and fourth ships in the class, Harmony of the Seas and Symphony of the Seas were built at Chantiers de l'Atlantique in Saint-Nazaire, France. Royal Caribbean International, in conjunction with USA Today, sponsored a contest to name the first two vessels. On February 18th 2019 Royal Caribbean announced the order of a 6th Oasis class vessel from Chantiers de l'Atlantique for delivery in 2023 with a double occupancy of 5,714 and gross tonnage of 231,000.

Ship Year
Berths Notes Ship image
Double Maximum
Oasis of the Seas 2009 225,282 5,400 6,360 Refurbished in fall of 2019.
Oasis of the Seas (cropped).jpg
Allure of the Seas 2010 225,282 5,492 6,410
Allure of the Seas (ship, 2009) 001 (cropped).jpg
Harmony of the Seas 2016 226,963 5,497 6,687
Harmony of the Seas (ship, 2016) 001 (cropped).jpg
Symphony of the Seas 2018 228,081 5,518 6,680 The largest passenger ship in the world by gross tonnage as of June 2019.
SymphonyOfTheSeas1 (cropped).jpg

Quantum class

The Quantum-class of ships debuted as the second largest class of cruise ships in the world. The Quantum-class ships were the first ships built for Royal Caribbean by Meyer Werft since the Radiance class and share many features with those ships, including indoor pools with retractable roofs, vast expanses of glass, outdoor seating in the "Windjammer" buffet, and self-leveling pool tables. Other distinctive features of the Quantum-class include the "North Star" observation capsule mounted on the end of a 41-meter-long (135 ft) crane arm, "RipCord by iFLY" a skydiving simulator, the three-deck-high Two70° lounge and performance venue at the aft of the ship featuring panoramic windows that convert into projection screens, and the multi-purpose SeaPlex facility which hosts activities such as basketball, roller skating, bumper cars, and a trapeze school. The Quantum class was the first class designed specifically for Dynamic Dining, and feature several separate complementary dining facilities instead of a single main dining room. Each venue will maintain the same menu and staff throughout the cruise. Unlike the earlier Voyager, Freedom, and Oasis class, Quantum-class ships do not feature a Viking Crown Lounge or ice skating rink, and the Royal Promenade mall down the center of the ship is not featured in its traditional form.

Four ships, Quantum of the Seas, Anthem of the Seas, Ovation of the Seas, and Spectrum of the Seas have been built so far. A fifth ship, Odyssey of the Seas is planned for 2020.

Ship Year
Berths Notes Ship image
Double Maximum
Quantum of the Seas 2014 168,666 4,180 4,905
Quantum of the Seas - Wedel 04 (cropped).jpg
Anthem of the Seas 2015 168,666 4,180 4,905
El Crucero Anthem of The Seas en el muelle de Santa Catalina de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. (18173969071).jpg
Ovation of the Seas 2016 168,666 4,180 4,905
Ovation of the Seas - Nieuwe Maas - Port of Rotterdam (25843859904) (cropped).jpg
Spectrum of the Seas 2019 169,379 4,246 First Quantum Ultra Class ship
SPECTRUM OF THE SEAS 20190608-2 (cropped).jpg

Future fleet

Ship Class Estimated date of completion Current status Gross
Berths Notes Ship image
Double Maximum
Odyssey of the Seas Quantum Ultra Class 2020 Under construction as of 1 February 2019 169,379 4,200 2nd Quantum Ultra-class cruise ship
Wonder of the Seas Oasis class 2021 Under construction as of 24 April 2019 230,000 TBA 5th Oasis-class cruise ship
0TBA Icon class 2022 Agreement signed
10 October 2016
200,000 5,650 1st LNG powered Project Icon cruise ship
0TBA Oasis class 2023 Agreement signed
18 February 2019
231,000 5,714 6th Oasis-class cruise ship
0TBA Icon class 2024 Agreement signed
10 October 2016
200,000 5,650 2nd LNG powered Project Icon cruise ship
0TBA Icon class 2025 Agreement signed
2 July 2019
200,000 5,650 3rd LNG powered Project Icon cruise ship

Former fleet

Ship Class Year built Duration in service for Royal Caribbean International Current status
(as of 2018)
Gross tonnage Notes Ship image
Song of Norway Song of Norway class 1970 1970–1997 Scrapped in 2013 as the Formosa Queen. 22,945
Song of Norway Vigo (cropped).jpg
Nordic Prince Song of Norway class 1971 1971–1995 Scrapped in 2015 as the Pacific 23,149
Carouselship (cropped).jpg
Sun Viking Song of Norway class 1972 1972–1998 Operating as floating casino Oriental Dragon for Oceanic Group Intl. 16,607
Sun Viking at Ocean Terminal, Hong Kong (cropped).jpg
Song of America Song of America class 1982 1982–1999 Operating as the Celestyal Olympia for Celestyal Cruises 37,584
ThomsonDestiny (cropped).jpg
Viking Serenade 1982 1990–2002 (built 1982) Scrapped in 2018 as the Ocean Gala. 40,171 Transferred from Royal Caribbean's subsidiary Admiral Cruises in 1990.
Viking Serenade Mexico 3 (cropped).jpg
Sovereign of the Seas Sovereign class 1987 1988–2008 Operating as the Sovereign for Pullmantur Cruises 73,192
Sovereign of the Seas Nassau Bahamas (244161813) (cropped).jpg
Monarch of the Seas Sovereign class 1991 1991–2013 Operating as the Monarch for Pullmantur Cruises 73,192
Monarch of the Seas (cropped).JPG
Splendour of the Seas Vision class 1996 1996–2016 Operating as the Marella Discovery for Marella Cruises 69,130
Splendour of the Seas 2011 (cropped).jpg
Legend of the Seas Vision class 1995 1995–2017 Operating as the Marella Discovery 2 with Marella Cruises 69,130
Legend of the Seas (1) (cropped).jpg

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