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Southampton, New York
Town of Southampton
Cooper's Beach in Southampton
Cooper's Beach in Southampton
Flag of Southampton, New York
Official seal of Southampton, New York
Southampton, New York is located in New York
Southampton, New York
Southampton, New York
Location in New York
Country United States
State New York
County Suffolk
 • Type Civil township
 • Total 293.71 sq mi (760.70 km2)
 • Land 139.19 sq mi (360.51 km2)
 • Water 154.51 sq mi (400.19 km2)
26 ft (8 m)
 • Total 69,036
 • Estimate 
 • Density 495.98/sq mi (191.50/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s) 631
FIPS code 36-103-68473
GNIS feature ID 0965893

Southampton, officially the Town of Southampton, is a town in southeastern Suffolk County, New York, United States, partly on the South Fork of Long Island. As of the 2020 United States Census, the town had a population of 69,036. Southampton is included in the stretch of shoreline prominently known as The Hamptons.

Stony Brook University's Southampton campus is located in the Town of Southampton.


George Bradford Brainerd. East Side of Pond, South Hampton, Long Island, ca. 1872-1887
George Bradford Brainerd (American, 1845–1887). East Side of Pond, South Hampton, Long Island, ca. 1872–1887. Collodion silver glass wet plate negative, Brooklyn Museum

The town was founded when settlers from Lynn, Massachusetts established residence on lands obtained from local Shinnecock Indian Nation in 1640. The first settlers included eight men, one woman, and a boy who came ashore at Conscience Point. These men were Thomas Halsey, Edward Howell, Edmond Farrington, Edmund Needham, Abraham Pierson the Elder, Thomas Sayre, Josiah Stanborough, George Welbe, Henry Walton and Job Sayre. By July 7, 1640, they had determined the town boundaries. During the next few years (1640–43), Southampton was further increased in population by 43 families.

The first meeting house was on a hill that is the site of the current Southampton Hospital. The oldest existent house in the town is the Halsey House at 249 Main Street, which was built by Thomas Halsey, one of the first Englishmen to trade with the Shinnecocks.

Southampton has 47 public and private cemeteries, not including Shinnecock Hills Golf Club, which is claimed as an Indian burial ground that is no longer in active use. Southampton is named after the port city of Southampton in Hampshire, England.

The Town of Southampton operates an official historical web site. The site shows the locations of over 100 points of interest, historic markers, and historic districts as well as over 1500 photos.

In 2005 the Shinnecock nation filed a lawsuit against the state seeking the return of 3,500 acres (14 km²) in Southampton located near the tribe’s reservation, and billions of dollars in reparations for damages suffered by colonial land grabs. The disputed property includes the Shinnecock Hills Golf Club, which Shinnecock say is the location of tribe burial grounds.

The tribe has challenged the state legislatures' approval of an 1859 sale of the 3500 acres of tribal land. This broke the terms of a 1,000-year-lease signed by Southampton colonial officials and the tribe in 1703. The suit charges that in 1859, a group of powerful New York investors conspired to break the lease by sending the state Legislature a fraudulent petition from a number of Shinnecock tribal members. Although other tribal members immediately protested that the petition was a forgery, the Legislature approved the sale of 3,500 acres (14 km²) of tribal land.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 295.6 square miles (765.6 km²), of which, 138.9 square miles (359.7 km²) of it is land and 156.7 square miles (405.9 km²) of it is water. The total area is 53.02% water.

The Town of Southampton contains 7 incorporated villages and 16 unincorporated areas, which are called hamlets in New York state.

Villages (incorporated)

Hamlets (unincorporated)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 3,408
1800 3,670 7.7%
1810 3,899 6.2%
1820 4,229 8.5%
1830 4,850 14.7%
1840 6,205 27.9%
1850 6,501 4.8%
1860 6,803 4.6%
1870 6,135 −9.8%
1880 6,352 3.5%
1890 8,200 29.1%
1900 10,371 26.5%
1910 11,240 8.4%
1920 11,614 3.3%
1930 15,341 32.1%
1940 15,295 −0.3%
1950 16,830 10.0%
1960 27,095 61.0%
1970 36,154 33.4%
1980 42,849 18.5%
1990 44,976 5.0%
2000 54,713 21.6%
2010 56,790 3.8%
2020 69,036 21.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 54,712 people, 21,504 households and 13,805 families residing in the town. The population density was 394.0 people per square mile (152.1/km2). There were 35,836 housing units at an average density of 258.0 per square mile (99.6/km2). The town's racial makeup was 87.98% White, 6.62% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 2.28% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races.

There were 21,504 households, of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 21.1% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.

The town's median household income was $53,887, and the median family income was $65,144. Males had a median income of $47,167 versus $32,054 for females. The town's per capita income was $31,320. About 5.3% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

In 2016, according to Business Insider, the 11962 zip code encompassing Sagaponack, within Southampton, was listed as the most expensive in the U.S., with a median home sale price of $8.5 million.



Railroad lines

The Long Island Rail Road's sole line in the Town of Southampton is the Montauk Branch, which includes stations in Speonk, Westhampton, Hampton Bays, Southampton and Bridgehampton. Quogue and Southampton Campus also had their own stations until 1998.

Bus service

The Town of Southampton is served primarily by Suffolk County Transit bus routes, although Hampton Jitney buses are available for trips to and from New York City.

Major roads

  • NY-24.svg New York State Route 24
  • NY-27.svg New York State Route 27
  • NY-114.svg New York State Route 114
  • Suffolk County 38.svg County Route 38 (Suffolk County, New York)
  • Suffolk County 51.svg County Route 51 (Suffolk County, New York)
  • Suffolk County 79.svg County Route 79 (Suffolk County, New York)
  • Suffolk County 80.svg Montauk Highway, including County Route 80 (Suffolk County, New York)
  • Suffolk County 104.svg County Route 104 (Suffolk County, New York)
  • Suffolk County 105.svg County Route 105 (Suffolk County, New York)


The town of Southampton contains the Francis S. Gabreski Airport north of Westhampton, and East Hampton Airport along the Southampton-East Hampton Town Line. The Southampton Heliport can also be found on the east side of the Shinnecock Inlet.


The sole ferry in the Town of Southampton takes NY 114 drivers across the Shelter Island Sound between North Haven and Shelter Island.


Major employers in Southampton include

Employer Community
Southampton Hospital Southampton
Stop & Shop Southampton
Village of Southampton Southampton
Southampton Union Free School District Southampton
Meadow Club of Southampton Southampton
Hardy Fuel Shinnecock Hills
The Hamptons Center for Rehabilitation and Nursing Southampton
Hampton Jitney North Sea
Bathing Corporation of Southampton Southampton

Notable people

Images for kids

See also

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