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Stephen Crane
Crane in 1899
Crane in 1899
Born Stephen Townley Crane
(1871-11-01)November 1, 1871
Newark, New Jersey
Died June 5, 1900(1900-06-05) (aged 28)
Badenweiler, Germany
Resting place Evergreen Cemetery in Hillside, New Jersey
Occupation Writer
Nationality American
Alma mater Syracuse University
Genre Realism
Notable works The Red Badge of Courage
Years active 1892 - 1900

Stephen Townley Crane (November 1, 1871 - June 5, 1900) was an American writer. He was born on November 1, 1871 in Newark, New Jersey to Jonathan Townley Crane, a clergyman, and Mary Helen Peck Crane. He attended Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York, but did not graduate. He moved to New York City in 1892 to write about the slum life of Manhattan. His major works include the novella Maggie: A Girl of the Streets (1893), the war novel The Red Badge of Courage (1895), and the short story "The Open Boat" (1897). After the success of Badge, his literary reputation declined. His health was poor. In May 1899, he entered a sanitarium in Badenweiler, Germany. On June 5, 1900, he died of tuberculosis. He is buried in the Evergreen Cemetery in Hillside, New Jersey.

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