Sullivan County, New York facts for kids

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Sullivan County, New York
Seal of Sullivan County, New York
Map
Map of New York highlighting Sullivan County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the USA highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1809
Seat Monticello
Largest town Mamakating
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

997 sq mi (2,582 km²)
968 sq mi (2,507 km²)
29 sq mi (75 km²), 2.9%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

77,547
80/sq mi (31/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: co.sullivan.ny.us
Named for: John Sullivan
County flag Flag of Sullivan County, New York

Sullivan County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,547. The county seat is Monticello. The county's name honors Major General John Sullivan, who was a hero in the American Revolutionary War.

The county was the site of hundreds of Borscht Belt hotels and resorts, which had their heyday from the 1920s through the 1970s.

In 2010, New York's center of population was at the southern edge of Sullivan County.

History

Major General John Sullivan, a distinguished officer in the Continential Army (NYPL NYPG94-F149-419970)
John Sullivan, general in the Continental Army, delegate in the Continental Congress, Governor of New Hampshire, and namesake of Sullivan County

When the colony that is now New York State established its first twelve counties in 1683, the present Sullivan County was part of Ulster County. In 1809, Sullivan County was split from Ulster County.

In the late 19th century, the Industrial Revolution and the advent of factories driven by water power along the streams and rivers led to an increase in population attracted to the jobs. Hamlets enlarged into towns. As industry restructured, many of those jobs left before the middle of the twentieth century. The economy changed again after that, shifting to a more tourist-based variety and benefiting from resorts established by European Jewish immigrants and their descendants in what became called the Borscht Belt of the 20th century. Resort hotels featured a wide variety of entertainers, some nationally known. At the beginning of this period, visitors traveled to the area by train, and later by automobile. The area's natural resources also provided a setting for numerous summer camps frequented by the children of immigrants and their descendants.

Geography

Swan Lake in Upstate New York
Swan Lake
SR 17 NY
New York State Route 17 in Liberty
Central Callicoon
Hamlet of Callicoon
Grahamsville, NY
Hamlet of Grahamsville

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 997 square miles (2,580 km2), of which 968 square miles (2,510 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (2.9%) is water.

Sullivan County is in the southern part of New York State, southeast of Binghamton and southwest of Albany. It is separated from Pennsylvania along its southwest boundary by the Delaware River.

The county, which starts about 70 miles northwest of New York City, is in the Catskill Mountains. Its northeastern corner is within the Catskill Park.

The highest point in the county is a 3,118-foot (950 m) peak unofficially known as Beech Mountain, near Hodge Pond, a subsidiary summit to Mongaup Mountain across the Ulster County line. The lowest point is along the Delaware River.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 6,108
1820 8,900 45.7%
1830 12,364 38.9%
1840 15,629 26.4%
1850 25,088 60.5%
1860 32,385 29.1%
1870 34,550 6.7%
1880 32,491 −6.0%
1890 31,031 −4.5%
1900 32,306 4.1%
1910 33,808 4.6%
1920 33,163 −1.9%
1930 35,272 6.4%
1940 37,901 7.5%
1950 40,731 7.5%
1960 45,272 11.1%
1970 52,580 16.1%
1980 65,155 23.9%
1990 69,277 6.3%
2000 73,966 6.8%
2010 77,547 4.8%
Est. 2015 74,877 −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 73,966 people, 27,661 households, and 18,311 families residing in the county. The population density was 76 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 44,730 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.31% White, 8.51% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.89% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 9.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.6% were of German, 13.9% Irish, 12.5% Italian, 7.3% American and 6.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 86.6% spoke English, 7.4% Spanish and 1.0% German as their first language. A small population of Russians, late twentieth-century immigrants, live in the villages.

There were 27,661 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.10% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.80% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 103.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,998, and the median income for a family was $43,458. Males had a median income of $36,110 versus $25,754 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,892. About 11.60% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Sullivan County has some service provided by Coach USA to New York City. It also has some local service provided by the county itself, as well as community organizations.

Tourism

Sullivan County has been a popular vacation spot since the 19th Century, with mountain climbing, boating, and other outdoor activities, and the Monticello Raceway being among the attractions. The majority of the tourism occurs in the summer months. It was the site of the hundreds of resort complexes of the Borscht Belt (with their golf courses, social events, and entertainers), between the 1920s and 1970s. It was the site of the 1969 Woodstock Festival.

Many famous comedians tested their material and performed regularly at Borscht Belt hotels, including Milton Berle, Mel Brooks and Henny Youngman. Eddie Fisher performed often at Grossinger's, where in 1955 he married Debbie Reynolds.

During the period August 15–18, 1969, some 500,000 people gathered in Sullivan County's Town of Bethel at Max Yasgur's farm to attend the Woodstock Festival. The entertainers included The Who; the Grateful Dead; Jefferson Airplane; The Band; Canned Heat; Joan Baez; Arlo Guthrie; Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young; Janis Joplin; Santana; Sly and the Family Stone; Blood, Sweat and Tears; Jimi Hendrix; and Richie Havens.

Today the site of the original Woodstock concert is the Bethel Woods Center for the Arts, which includes a museum of the sixties and holds many concerts and other events.

Other notable cultural destinations include the CAS Arts Center, a multi-arts exhibit space and education center run by the Catskill Art Society in Livingston Manor, New York, the NaCl Theatre, a professional regional theatre company focusing on experimental work in Highland Lake, New York, and the Delaware Valley Arts Alliance (DVAA) in Narrowsburg NY, which has 2 gallery spaces, and programs events at the Tusten Theatre.

Communities

WurtsburoNY
Village of Wurtsboro
Monticello-raceway
Monticello Raceway in Monticello

Towns

Villages

Census-designated places

Hamlets


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