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Winchester, New Hampshire facts for kids

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Winchester, New Hampshire
Town
Conant Public Library
Official seal of Winchester, New Hampshire
Seal
Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Cheshire
Incorporated 1753
Villages Winchester
Ashuelot
Scotland
Area
 • Total 55.6 sq mi (143.9 km2)
 • Land 55.0 sq mi (142.4 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)  1.01%
Elevation
433 ft (132 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 4,150
 • Density 75/sq mi (29.1/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
03470 (Winchester)
03441 (Ashuelot)
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-85540
GNIS feature ID 0873757

Winchester is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,150 at the 2020 census. The primary community in the town, where 1,606 people resided at the 2020 census, is defined by the U.S. Census Bureau as the Winchester census-designated place (CDP). The town also includes the village of Ashuelot and part of Pisgah State Park.

History

Post Office, Winchester, NH
Postcard of town, 1909

Originally named Arlington in honor of Charles Fitzroy, Earl of Arlington, this town was one of those established in 1733 by Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher as protection for the Massachusetts border at the Connecticut River. After becoming a part of New Hampshire province in 1741, the town was granted to Colonel Josiah Willard, commander of Fort Dummer. In 1753, it was incorporated by Governor Benning Wentworth as Winchester, for Charles Paulet, 3rd Duke of Bolton, 8th Marquess of Winchester, and constable of the Tower of London.

Pioneers who came to the town as early as 1732 were attacked many times by Indians. Several settlers were taken captive, and the town was burned in 1745. Its church, founded in 1736, is the oldest religious body in Cheshire County. The town has two covered bridges.

The Winchester Profession, an influential statement of the principles of Universalism, was adopted at a Universalist congress in Winchester in 1803.

Although it has been an agricultural town, many small industries have been established in Winchester. In the 1830s, Graves & Company was among the nation's first manufacturers of musical instruments. The coming of the Ashuelot Railroad in 1850 fostered the growth of textile mills and wooden-ware factories, especially box manufacture and leather tanning.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 55.5 square miles (144 km2), of which 54.9 square miles (142 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) is water, comprising 1.06% of the town. Winchester is drained by the Ashuelot River and Roaring Brook. Pisgah Reservoir and Kilburn Pond are in the northwest. The highest point in Winchester is 1,424-foot (434 m) Franklin Mountain, near the town's northeast corner.

The town center, defined as a census-designated place (CDP), covers an area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), about 5.4% of the area of the town.

Winchester is served by state routes 10, 78 and 119.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 1,209
1800 1,413 16.9%
1810 1,478 4.6%
1820 1,849 25.1%
1830 2,051 10.9%
1840 2,065 0.7%
1850 3,296 59.6%
1860 2,225 −32.5%
1870 2,097 −5.8%
1880 2,444 16.5%
1890 2,584 5.7%
1900 2,274 −12.0%
1910 2,282 0.4%
1920 2,267 −0.7%
1930 2,183 −3.7%
1940 2,275 4.2%
1950 2,388 5.0%
1960 2,411 1.0%
1970 2,869 19.0%
1980 3,465 20.8%
1990 4,038 16.5%
2000 4,144 2.6%
2010 4,341 4.8%
2020 4,150 −4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,341 people, 1,689 households, and 1,129 families residing in the town. There were 1,932 housing units, of which 243, or 12.6%, were vacant. 124 of the vacant units were for seasonal or recreational use. The racial makeup of the town was 96.1% white, 0.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.5% some other race, and 1.8% from two or more races. 1.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 1,689 households, 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were headed by married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54, and the average family size was 2.97.

In the town, 22.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.4% were from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 29.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

For the period 2011–2015, the estimated median annual income for a household was $44,760, and the median income for a family was $53,864. Male full-time workers had a median income of $37,213 versus $37,056 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,404. 13.9% of the population and 12.8% of families were below the poverty line. 20.8% of the population under the age of 18 and 9.9% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.

Culture

Since 1998, Winchester has held its annual Pickle Festival each September on its Main Street.

Sites of interest

Notable people

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