kids encyclopedia robot

Amelia County, Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Amelia County
Amelia County Court House
Amelia County Court House
Official seal of Amelia County
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Amelia County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Virginia
Founded 1735
Named for Princess Amelia
Seat Amelia Court House
Area
 • Total 359 sq mi (930 km2)
 • Land 355 sq mi (920 km2)
 • Water 3.3 sq mi (9 km2)  0.9%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 12,690
 • Estimate 
(2019)
13,145
 • Density 35.35/sq mi (13.648/km2)
Demonym(s) Amelian, Amellianaire
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
23002, 23083, 23105
Congressional district 7th

Amelia County is a county located just southwest of Richmond in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States. The county is located in Central Virginia and is included in the Greater Richmond Region. Its county seat is Amelia Court House.

Amelia County was created in 1735 from parts of Prince George and Brunswick counties, and was named in honor of Princess Amelia of Great Britain. Parts of the county were later carved out to create Prince Edward and Nottoway counties.

As of the 2010 census, the county population was 12,690, an increase of more than 44 percent from the 1990 census.

History

Princess Amellia of Great Britain, for whom the County is named

Amelia County was created by a legislative act in 1734 and 1735 from parts of Prince George and Brunswick counties. The County is named for Princess Amelia of Great Britain, daughter of King George II. Twice Amelia County was reduced in size to form newer counties; in 1754, Prince Edward County was formed from parts of Amelia County, and in 1789, Nottoway County was formed.

During the Civil War General Robert E. Lee and his Army spent April 4 and 5, 1865 at Amelia Courthouse before his surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox. The last major battle of the war was fought at Sayler’s Creek on April 6.

Amelia is known for its minerals, including the nation's best supply of Amazonite found at the Morefield mine. In addition, the Amelia County Fair was home to the world's largest potato pancake (with apple sauce) which was built to raise money for the German American National Scholarship Fund in 1986. It weighed over two and one quarter tons and used four truck loads of potatoes.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 359 square miles (930 km2), of which 355 square miles (920 km2) is land and 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) (0.9%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 360
  • SR 38
  • SR 153
  • SR 307

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 18,097
1800 9,432 −47.9%
1810 10,594 12.3%
1820 11,104 4.8%
1830 11,036 −0.6%
1840 10,320 −6.5%
1850 9,770 −5.3%
1860 10,741 9.9%
1870 9,878 −8.0%
1880 10,377 5.1%
1890 9,068 −12.6%
1900 9,037 −0.3%
1910 8,720 −3.5%
1920 9,800 12.4%
1930 8,799 −10.2%
1940 8,495 −3.5%
1950 7,908 −6.9%
1960 7,815 −1.2%
1970 7,592 −2.9%
1980 8,405 10.7%
1990 8,787 4.5%
2000 11,400 29.7%
2010 12,690 11.3%
2019 (est.) 13,145 3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,400 people, 4,240 households, and 3,175 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km2). There were 4,609 housing units, at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.57% White, 28.05% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,240 households, of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.10% were non-families. 20.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.

The median age in the county was 38 years, with 25.30% under 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median household income in the county was $40,252, and the median family income was $47,157. Males had a median income of $32,315, versus $23,102 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,858. 8.40% of the population and 6.70% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 7.10% were under the age of 18 and 11.70% were 65 or older.

Communities

There are no incorporated communities in Amelia County.

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Education

Public Primary and secondary schools

Amelia County is served by the Amelia County School District.

  • Amelia County High School
  • Amelia County Middle School
  • Amelia County Elementary School

Private Primary and secondary Schools

  • Amelia Academy

Transportation

Air

  • Richmond International Airport is located 51 miles (82 km) northeast of Amelia County.

US Highways

  • US 360 (Patrick Henry Highway. Eastbound to Richmond. Westbound to Burkeville and Danville.)

State Routes

  • SR 38 (In Amelia Court House: Virginia Street, Court Street, Washington Street, Church Street, Five Forks Road. In Amelia County: N. Five Forks Road, to SR 153.)
  • SR 153 (Military Road. To US 460 and Blackstone.)
  • SR 307 (Holly Farms Road. To US 460 and Farmville.)

Secondary Roads

  • SR 604 (Chula Rd and Genito Rd. To Powhatan and Chesterfield Counties.)
  • SR 609 (Grub Hill Church Rd and Royalton Rd. To US 60 and Powhatan Court House.)
  • SR 614 (Dennisville Rd. To Blackstone.)
  • SR 616 (Genito Rd. Serves the northern and western ends of Amelia County. To SR 307 near Rice.)

Rail

  • Norfolk Southern - freight rail service

Notable residents

Images for kids

kids search engine
Amelia County, Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.