Amelia County, Virginia facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Amelia County Court House
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Princess Amelia|
|Seat||Amelia Court House|
|• Total||359 sq mi (930 km2)|
|• Land||355 sq mi (920 km2)|
|• Water||3.3 sq mi (9 km2) 0.9%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||35.35/sq mi (13.648/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
23002, 23083, 23105
Amelia County is a county located just southwest of Richmond in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States. The county is located in Central Virginia and is included in the Greater Richmond Region. Its county seat is Amelia Court House.
Amelia County was created in 1735 from parts of Prince George and Brunswick counties, and was named in honor of Princess Amelia of Great Britain. Parts of the county were later carved out to create Prince Edward and Nottoway counties.
As of the 2010 census, the county population was 12,690, an increase of more than 44 percent from the 1990 census.
- Notable residents
- Images for kids
Amelia County was created by a legislative act in 1734 and 1735 from parts of Prince George and Brunswick counties. The County is named for Princess Amelia of Great Britain, daughter of King George II. Twice Amelia County was reduced in size to form newer counties; in 1754, Prince Edward County was formed from parts of Amelia County, and in 1789, Nottoway County was formed.
During the Civil War General Robert E. Lee and his Army spent April 4 and 5, 1865 at Amelia Courthouse before his surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox. The last major battle of the war was fought at Sayler’s Creek on April 6.
Amelia is known for its minerals, including the nation's best supply of Amazonite found at the Morefield mine. In addition, the Amelia County Fair was home to the world's largest potato pancake (with apple sauce) which was built to raise money for the German American National Scholarship Fund in 1986. It weighed over two and one quarter tons and used four truck loads of potatoes.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 359 square miles (930 km2), of which 355 square miles (920 km2) is land and 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) (0.9%) is water.
- Powhatan County - north
- Chesterfield County - northeast
- Dinwiddie County - southeast
- Nottoway County - south
- Prince Edward County - southwest
- Cumberland County - west
- US 360
- SR 38
- SR 153
- SR 307
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,400 people, 4,240 households, and 3,175 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km2). There were 4,609 housing units, at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.57% White, 28.05% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 4,240 households, of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.10% were non-families. 20.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.
The median age in the county was 38 years, with 25.30% under 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.
The median household income in the county was $40,252, and the median family income was $47,157. Males had a median income of $32,315, versus $23,102 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,858. 8.40% of the population and 6.70% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 7.10% were under the age of 18 and 11.70% were 65 or older.
There are no incorporated communities in Amelia County.
Other unincorporated communities
Public Primary and secondary schools
Amelia County is served by the Amelia County School District.
- Amelia County High School
- Amelia County Middle School
- Amelia County Elementary School
Private Primary and secondary Schools
- Amelia Academy
- Richmond International Airport is located 51 miles (82 km) northeast of Amelia County.
- SR 38 (In Amelia Court House: Virginia Street, Court Street, Washington Street, Church Street, Five Forks Road. In Amelia County: N. Five Forks Road, to SR 153.)
- SR 153 (Military Road. To US 460 and Blackstone.)
- SR 307 (Holly Farms Road. To US 460 and Farmville.)
- SR 604 (Chula Rd and Genito Rd. To Powhatan and Chesterfield Counties.)
- SR 609 (Grub Hill Church Rd and Royalton Rd. To US 60 and Powhatan Court House.)
- SR 614 (Dennisville Rd. To Blackstone.)
- SR 616 (Genito Rd. Serves the northern and western ends of Amelia County. To SR 307 near Rice.)
- Norfolk Southern - freight rail service
- William S. Archer, born in Amelia County, United States Senator from Virginia
- Van T. Barfoot (1919-2012), U.S. Army Colonel and a U.S. Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient
- William Wyatt Bibb, born in Amelia County, United States Senator from Georgia and first Governor of Alabama
- William Cocke (1747–1828), born in Amelia County, first United States Senator from Tennessee
- Henry William Connor (1793–1866), born near Amelia Court House, elected United States Congressman from North Carolina
- David Fanning, (1755–1825), born in Amelia County. A Loyalist officer during the American Revolutionary War, he captured Thomas Burke, a court-martial judge and Governor of North Carolina. One of only three individuals excluded from the amnesty after the Revolutionary War, Fanning moved to New Brunswick in present-day Canada for resettlement.
- William Branch Giles, (1762–1830), born in Amelia County. Planter, United States Congressman, United States Senator, and Governor of Virginia
- Edmund Harrison (1764–1826), Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates (1802–1803)
- John Winston Jones, (1791–1848), born in Amelia County. Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
- Nellie A. Ramsey Leslie (c.1840s-c.1920s), born into slavery in Amelia County. She became a noted musician, teacher and composer, founding a musical conservatory in Corpus Christi, Texas.
- Robert Russa Moton (1867–1940), noted African American educator. He was born in Amelia County but was raised in Rice, in nearby Prince Edward County, Virginia.
- Mary Virginia Terhune (1830-1922), born in Amelia County. A prolific and bestselling author in both fiction and non-fiction, the first woman elected to the Virginia Historical Society
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Amelia County, Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.