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Bridlington
Bridlingtonview.JPG
A view of the town from the harbour entrance
Bridlington Town Arms
Arms of Bridlington Town Council
Bridlington shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population 35,369 
OS grid reference TA1866
• London 180 mi (290 km) S
Civil parish
  • Bridlington
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRIDLINGTON
Postcode district YO15/YO16
Dialling code 01262
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
  • East Yorkshire
Website www.bridlington.gov.uk
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Bridlington is a coastal town and civil parish on the Holderness Coast of the North Sea, situated in the unitary authority and ceremonial county of the East Riding of Yorkshire approximately 24 miles (39 km) north of Hull. The Gypsey Race river runs through the town and emerges into the North Sea in the town harbour. In the 2011 Census the population of the parish was 35,369.

Bridlington is a minor sea fishing port with a working harbour and is well known for its shellfish. It has a mix of small businesses across the manufacturing, retail and service sectors with its prime trade being tourism during the summer months.

The origins of the town are uncertain, but archaeological evidence shows habitation in the Bronze Age and in Roman times. The settlement at the Norman conquest was called Bretlinton, but has also gone by the names of Berlington, Brellington and Britlington, before settling on its modern name in the 19th century.

The town is twinned with Millau in France and Bad Salzuflen in Germany. One of the UK's coastal weather stations is located at Bridlington. The Priory Church of St Mary and the associated Bayle Gate are Grade I listed buildings. The church stands on the site of the original Augustine Priory.

History

The first mention of the town is in the Domesday Book as Bretlinton. It has also gone by the names of Berlington, Brellington and Britlington, before settling on its modern name in the 19th century. There are several suggestions about the origin of the name. All suggest that it followed the Anglo-Saxon custom of referring to a person and the type of settlement. In this case there are different personal names put forward such as Bretel, Bridla or Berhtel to go with -ingtūn as the Saxon name for farm.

Bridlington the Bayle Gate Yorkshire England
Bridlington the Bayle Gate

The origins of habitation at Bridlington are unknown, though Danes Dyke, a 2.5-mile (4 km) long man-made dyke on nearby Flamborough Head, dates back to the Bronze Age, and some writers believe that Bridlington was the site of a Roman station. A Roman road from York, now known as Woldgate, can be traced across the Yorkshire Wolds into the town, and Roman coins have been found in the town. Two Roman coin hoards were found in the harbour area, along with two Greek coins dating from the 2nd century BC – suggesting that the port was in use long before the Roman invasion. It has been suggested that the Roman maritime station of Gabrantovicorum was located in the vicinity of the modern town. In the early 2nd century Ptolemy described Bridlington Bay in his Geography as "Gabranticorum Sinus, with many harbours". None of these harbours has been found, and it is thought that coastal erosion has destroyed all traces, as well as a possible Theodosian signal station at Flamborough and a fort in the general vicinity of the harbour or beyond. In the 4th century Count Theodosius established signal stations on the North Yorkshire coast to warn of Saxon raids. It is believed that Flamborough Head would also have had one of these stations (probably on Beacon Hill, now a gravel quarry). From the Headland an observer can see Filey, Scarborough Castle and the Whitby promontory. A fort at Bridlington would have been well placed to act as centre of operations for these forts. A network of signal stations stretching south around the broad Bridlington Bay has also been suggested. This counterpart to the northern chain would guard this huge and accessible anchorage from barbarian piracy.

Bridlington, the parade (i.e., promenade), Yorkshire, England-LCCN2002708301
Bridlington, the parade (i.e., promenade) c. 1895

Near Dukes Park are two bowl barrows known as Butt Hills. They have been designated as Ancient Monuments designated and is now recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England. Also nearby are the remains of an Anglo-Saxon cemetery on a farm outside of Sewerby.

Manor

The earliest written evidence of Bridlington is in the Domesday Book. It records that "Bretlinton" was the head of the Hunthow Hundred and was held by Earl Morcar before it passed into the hands of William the Conqueror by the forfeiture. The survey also records the effect of the Harrying of the North as the annual value of the land had decreased from £32 in the time of Edward the Confessor to eight shillings (40p) at the time of the survey and comprised:

“two villeins, and one socman with one and a half Carucate. The rest is waste.”

The land was given to Gilbert de Gant, uncle of King Stephen, in 1072. It was inherited by his son Walter and thereafter appears to follow the normal descent of that family. After the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the manor remained with the crown until 1624 when Charles I granted it to Sir John Ramsey, who had recently been created the Earl of Holderness. In 1633, Sir George Ramsey sold the manor to 13 inhabitants of the town on behalf of all the tenants of the manor. In May 1636, a deed was drawn up empowering the 13 men as Lords Feoffees or trust holders of the Manor of Bridlington.

Social

Walter de Gant, later founded an Augustinian priory on the land in 1133 which was confirmed by King Henry I in a Charter. Several succeeding kings confirmed and extended Walter de Gant's gift: King Stephen granting in addition the right to have a port; King John granted the prior permission to hold a weekly market and an annual fair in 1200. Henry VI granted permission for three annual fairs on the Nativity of Mary, and Deposition of and the Translation of Saint John of Bridlington in 1446. In 1415 Henry V visited the priory to give thanks for victory at the Battle of Agincourt. The town began to be developed around the site of the priory as it grew in importance and size.

Political

In 1643 Queen Henrietta Maria of France landed at Bridlington with troops to support the Royalist cause in the English Civil War before going on to York, which then became her headquarters.

Industrial

The town was originally two separate settlements that have merged over time. The Old Town was about 1 mi (1.6 km) inland and the Quay area is where the modern harbour is located. In 1837, an Act of Parliament meant that the old wooden piers were replaced with two new stone piers to the North and South. In addition to landing fish, the port was used to transport corn. The Corn Exchange built in 1826 can still be seen in Market Place and there used to be mills in the town for grinding. This led to some local breweries to be started, but like most industry, this petered out by the later part of the 20th century.

Geography

Beach of Bridlington 01
Bridlington Beach from the north shoreline

Bridlington lies 19 miles (31 km) north-north-east of Beverley, 16 miles (26 km) south east of Scarborough, 11 miles (18 km) north east of Driffield and 24 miles (39 km) north of Kingston upon Hull, the principal city in the county. It is 179 miles (288 km) north of London. The town ranges in elevation from sea level at the beaches to 167 feet (51 m) on Bempton Lane on the outskirts. The Gypsey Race river flows through the town, with the last 12 mi (800 m) below ground after disappearing from sight at the Quay Road Car Park. The solid geology of the area is mainly from the Cretaceous period and consists of Chalk overlain by Quaternary Boulder clay. The chalk is exposed as the land rises to the north of the town (where a cliff, probably formed during the last interglacial, extends inland at right angles to the present sea cliff) and forms the promontory of Flamborough Head.

Bridlington is a seaside resort in an area which is said to have the highest coastal erosion rate in Europe. Southward the coast becomes low, but northward it is steep and very fine, where the great spur of Flamborough Head projects eastward. The sea front is protected by a sea wall and a wide beach encouraged by wooden groynes which trap the sand. Offshore, the Smithic Sands sandbank stretches out into the bay. These are an important habitat for many marine species. Both Bridlington North and south beaches have won EU environmental quality awards over a number of years.

The Hull to Scarborough railway line divides the town from south west to north east and marks where the Old Town begins to the north of the line. The Old Town has some retail businesses and the Industrial Estates as well as large residential areas. To the south of the line is where the tourist attractions lie, as well as holiday accommodation and some residential areas. As the town has grown, it has incorporated the village of Hildersthorpe.

Climate

The climate is temperate with warm summers and cool, wet winters. The hottest months of the year are from June to September, with temperatures reaching an average high of 19 °C (66 °F) and falling to 12 °C (54 °F) at night. The average daytime temperature in winter is 7 °C (45 °F) during the day and 2 °C (36 °F) during the night.

Climate data for Bridlington, 15 m asl, 1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
7.3
(45.1)
9.3
(48.7)
11.3
(52.3)
13.9
(57)
16.8
(62.2)
19.3
(66.7)
19.5
(67.1)
17.2
(63)
13.6
(56.5)
9.9
(49.8)
7.3
(45.1)
12.7
(54.9)
Average low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
2.0
(35.6)
3.2
(37.8)
4.8
(40.6)
7.4
(45.3)
10.0
(50)
12.3
(54.1)
12.4
(54.3)
10.7
(51.3)
8.1
(46.6)
4.6
(40.3)
2.4
(36.3)
6.7
(44.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 52.8
(2.079)
43.3
(1.705)
48.0
(1.89)
47.8
(1.882)
39.0
(1.535)
56.9
(2.24)
44.5
(1.752)
56.7
(2.232)
53.5
(2.106)
55.6
(2.189)
61.3
(2.413)
61.5
(2.421)
620.8
(24.441)
Source: Met Office

Demography

Population
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 2001 2011
Total 3,773 4,422 5,034 5,637 6,070 6,846 6,642 6,840 10,023 11,281 16,604 19,705 24,661 26,023 33,838 35,369

2001 census

The 2001 UK census showed that the population was split 47.4% male to 52.6% female. The religious constituency was made of 77% Christian, 0.14% Buddhist, 0.03% Jewish, 0.196% Hindu, 0.04% Sikh 0.22% Other and the rest (more than 22%) stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 98.7% White, 0.43% Mixed Ethnic, 0.08% Black/Black British, 0.19% Chinese/Other Ethnic and 0.49% Asian/British Asian. There were 16,237 dwellings.

2011 census

The 2011 UK census showed that the population was split 48.2% male to 51.8% female. The religious constituency was made of 66.21% Christian, 0.2% Buddhist, 0.14% Muslim, 0.08% Hindu, 0.05% Sikh, 0.31% Other and the rest (30%) stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 98.5% White British, 0.32% Mixed Ethnic, 0.15% Black British, 0.44% Chinese/Other Ethnic and 0.21% British Asian. There were 17,827 dwellings.

Culture and community

Bridlington is served by the Bridlington Free Press newspaper, the East Riding Mail also serves the seaside town. Yorkshire Coast Radio used to broadcast from the town as the Bridlington area is a specific commercial radio licence, which operates as a peak-time opt-out service. However, all programming now comes from Scarborough. BBC Radio Humberside and Viking FM do broadcast to the town to and the Hull and the East Riding of Yorkshire region. Jake Thackray's song "The Hair of the Widow of Bridlington" mocked Bridlington for the small-mindedness of its inhabitants.

Leisure World leisure centre - geograph.org.uk - 685419
Leisure World leisure centre before demolition
Bridlington Leisure Centre
The replacement leisure centre opened in May 2016

The town is twinned with Millau in France and Bad Salzuflen in Germany. The twinning arrangement dates back to 1991 and the French and German towns are also twinned with one another. Visits from the twin towns occur every two years, with the Bridlington visits to the twin towns occurring in the alternate years.

There are three main parks in the town. Queen's Park is a small open area at the junction of the B1254 and Queensgate. Westgate Park is a mostly wooded area lying between Westgate and the A165 on the outskirts of the town. The largest open area is Duke's Park which lies between Queensgate and the railway line. It is home to Bridlington Sports & Community Club, a skate park and Bridlington Town Football Club. In addition to these sporting facilities, there is a Sports Centre on the outskirts located on Gypsey Road. It has a general purpose sports hall, equipped gymnasium and squash courts. In January 2014 Bridlington Leisure World, on the Promenade, that provided swimming facilities, as well as a gymnasium and indoor bowling rinks closed for redevelopment. A temporary Olympic legacy pool was opened by Jo Jackson in January 2014 at the Bridlington Sports Centre on Gypsey Road, while Leisure World was being rebuilt with an original expected completion of summer 2015. The new facility opened on 23 May 2016, with an official opening on 1 July 2016 by Rebecca Adlington, Gail Emms and Dean Windass.

The town has a public library located on King Street. Within the triangle of Station Avenue, Station Road and Quay Road are the Town Hall, Magistrates Court and several other government buildings. On South Marine Drive there is an RNLI Life Boat Station. There has been a Life Boat in the town since 1805 and is manned entirely by volunteers. Close to the junction of the A165 with the A614 is the Hospital and Ambulance Station and on the opposite side closer to the town centre is the Fire Station established in 1960 with a mix of full-time and on call crew. There is a Post Office & Depot located not far from the level crossing on Quay Road.

Town crier

David Hinde Bridlington Town Crier -The World's Loudest Recorded Town Crier 114.8 decibels Cirrus Research
Town Crier David Hinde of Bempton

David Hinde, who lived in the nearby village of Bempton and was a member of the Ancient and Honourable Guild of Town Criers and the Loyal Company of Town Criers, was appointed in the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Year of 2012 by Bridlington Town Council. He was the first Town Crier in Bridlington since 1901. On 23 July 2013 Hinde gave a special proclamation outside Bridlington Priory, prior to the visit of HRH Charles, Prince of Wales and HRH Duchess of Cornwall, which was part of the special "Priory 900" celebrations.

On 17 August 2013, at the town's Sewerby Park, Hinde's cry was recorded at 114.8 db. Hinde appeared as the Walmington on Sea town crier in the Dads Army film 2016.

Landmarks

Bridlington Priory, also known as the Priory Church of St Mary, is a Grade I listed building. It was built on the site of an Augustinian Priory, hence its name. The Priory was once fortified and the Bayle Gate nearby is what remains of that fortification and is also a Grade I listed building. It has a good-sounding ring of eight bells (tenor approx. 24 cwt) with a long draft. It also has a large four-manual organ that boasts the widest "scaled" 32 ft reed (contra tuba) in the United Kingdom. Bridlington's War memorial is located in a small triangular garden at the junction of Prospect Street and Wellington Road. It was officially unveiled on Sunday 10 July 1921 by Captain S. H. Radcliffe, C.M.G., R.N.

The Spa Bridlington
The Spa Bridlington during refurbishment

The Bridlington Spa was originally opened in 1896, in its heyday Bridlington was a leading entertainment resort thanks to this nationally-famous dance venue where many well-known entertainers appeared, including David Bowie & Morrissey. By 2005 the condition of the building had deteriorated to the point where East Riding of Yorkshire Council had to take a bold decision to undertake a full and thorough refurbishment of the entire Spa facility between 2006–2008 to ensure that it would be fit for the demands of a changing market in the 21st century. It has since again begun to attract 'big' names from the world of entertainment: in 2013 Indie Rock bands The Kaiser Chiefs and Kasabian, Irish band The Script and Joe McElderry all performed at the venue, attracting large crowds.

In 2014 blue plaques were installed for Herman Darewski, composer and conductor of light music, and for Wallace Hartley, leader of the orchestra playing as the Titanic sank. Hartley led an orchestra in the town in 1902. Darewski was Musical Director for the town in 1924–1926 and 1933–1939.

Transport

Bridlington is served by Bridlington railway station, on the Yorkshire Coast Line that runs between Hull and Scarborough. The station opened on 6 October 1846 between the Quay and the Old Town. East Yorkshire Motor Services, who have a depot in the town, run nine local bus services and six services to out of town destinations including York, Scarborough, Driffield, Beverley and Hull. Additionally, Yorkshire Coastliner also run a service between the town and Leeds. The town lies at the junction of two main trunk roads. The A165 between Hull and Scarborough and the A614 between the town and Nottingham. The route of the A614 was extended in 1996 to run over the route previously known as the A166 which went to York.

Four land trains run in Bridlington: the Yorkshire Rose, Yorkshire Lass and Yorkshire Lad and the Spalight Express. Two trains run on the North Promenade between Leisure World and Sewerby Hall and Gardens linking Bridlington town centre with the summer car parks. One Land Train runs on the South Promenade linking Bridlington town centre to the park and ride and South Cliff Caravan Park. In the 1970s and 1980s there were two trains – the Burlington Bertie and Bridlington Belle.

Religious sites

BridlingtonPriory
Bridlington Priory
Holy Trinity Church, Bridlington - geograph.org.uk - 287381
Holy Trinity Church (Church of England)

The prime place of Christian worship in the town is the Priory Church of St Mary, known as the Priory, in Church Green. Christ Church on Quay Road next to the war memorial was built in 1841 by Gilbert Scott. Originally a chapel of ease, it became a parish church in 1871 and is now a Grade II listed building.

Emmanuel Church on Cardigan Road is a modern red brick building, part of the Church of England. The Harbourside Evangelical Church can be found in a side road off Bridge Street leading to the harbour. The Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses is located on Station Avenue. The Cornerstone Church, formerly known as The Chapel Hall, is an Evangelical Church in St John's Walk. There has been a Baptist church in the town since 1698, with the current building located on the corner of Quay Road and Havelock Street. On the corner of St John's Street and Brett Street is the Free Presbyterian Church. There is an independent Evangelical Church in Ferndale Terrace called the Calvary Chapel by the Sea.

There has been a strong Methodist Church presence in the town since 1770. The various strands have joined together over the years and as a result so have the locations. St John's Burlington Methodist Church on St John's Street is now home to the town's Methodist congregation. The chapel in the Promenade lasted from 1852 until 1957 and was part of the United Methodist Free Church. The Primitive Methodists established a chapel in St John Street in 1833, but moved to a new location nearby in 1849. This in turn was rebuilt in 1877 and lasted until 1970. The Primitive Methodists also had a chapel, known as the Central Methodist Church, on the Quay in 1833. They relocated to Chapel Street in 1870 and built a larger premise on that site in 1878. in 1969 they joined with the Chapel Street Methodist Church. The Chapel Street Methodist Church was in existence in 1810 in what was originally Back Street. This was rebuilt in 1873 and lasted until 1999 when they became the last Methodist congregation to unite at the present Chapel.

The Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady & St Peter is located in Victoria Road. The Catholic Parish had been without a permanent mission in the town for a very long time. A previous 1886 building in Wellington Road had not provided sufficient space when a mission was eventually granted. The modern premises were built in 1893–94 by Arthur Lowther. The church hall adjacent was built in 1963. The connection to the sea is evident on the dedication to Our Lady, also known as the Star of the Sea, and to St Peter, Patron Saint of Fishermen. The convent in the High Street is associated with the Church and though now run by the Sisters of Mercy, was originally Dominican.

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