Clinton County, Iowa facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Clinton County, Iowa
Map
Map of Iowa highlighting Clinton County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the USA highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1837
Seat Clinton
Largest City Clinton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

710 sq mi (1,839 km²)
695 sq mi (1,800 km²)
15 sq mi (39 km²), 2.1%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

47,768
71/sq mi (27/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.clintoncounty-ia.gov
Named for: DeWitt Clinton

Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 49,116. Its county seat is Clinton. Its name is in honor of the seventh Governor of New York State, DeWitt Clinton.

Clinton County comprises the Clinton, IA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Davenport-Moline, IA-IL Combined Statistical Area.

History

Clinton County was formed on December 21, 1837. It was named for DeWitt Clinton, a Governor of New York and most ardent advocate for the construction of the Erie Canal. The cities of DeWitt and Clinton were also named after him.

In 1835, Elijah Buell built a log cabin for himself and his family and was thus the first settler of the region. In 1854, the first newspaper was issued and in 1858, the Lyons Female College for girls opened its doors. The tuition was set at $175 per student.

The county has used three courthouses in its history. The structure currently in use was constructed in Romanesque style and opened in 1897.

Early Settlement

Clinton county was first settled in 1836, by Mr. Bourne, who located upon Sec. 1, T. 80, R. 4, East. The county was surveyed in 1837, by the Messrs. Burtz. The Surveyor General's office was then at Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1840, the county was organized by Sheriff Bourne. In 1841, R. R. Bed ford and others formed a little settlement at De Witt, and during the same year Messrs. Wheeler and Evans erected a log court-house. In stepping from the past to the present, we quote the language of one of the "oldest inhabitants." He says: "Clinton County was originally settled by the poorest class of people on God's earth; and it is with great pleasure that I have witnessed their progress, slow but sure, and now find the most of them very comfortably situated."

The population of this County in 1840, was 821; in 1850, 2822; in 1854, 7000; and in 1856, 11,000. The population of Lyons in 1850, was 453. In 1856 the population increased to 2700.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 710 square miles (1,800 km2), of which 695 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (2.1%) is water. It includes the easternmost point in the state of Iowa, on the Mississippi River in Elk River township in the northeast section of the county.

Major highways

  • US 30
  • US 61
  • US 67
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IA/link IA|Template:Infobox road/IA/abbrev IA]]

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 821
1850 2,822 243.7%
1860 18,938 571.1%
1870 35,357 86.7%
1880 36,763 4.0%
1890 41,199 12.1%
1900 43,832 6.4%
1910 45,394 3.6%
1920 43,371 −4.5%
1930 44,377 2.3%
1940 44,722 0.8%
1950 49,664 11.1%
1960 55,060 10.9%
1970 56,749 3.1%
1980 57,122 0.7%
1990 51,040 −10.6%
2000 50,149 −1.7%
2010 49,116 −2.1%
Est. 2015 47,768 −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 49,116 in the county, with a population density of 70.67/sq mi (27.29/km2). There were 21,733 housing units, of which 20,223 were occupied.

2000 census

USA Clinton County, Iowa age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Clinton County

As of the census of 2000, there were 50,149 people, 20,105 households, and 13,671 families residing in the county. The population density was 72 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 21,585 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.87% White, 1.89% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 1.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,105 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 27.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,423, and the median income for a family was $46,450. Males had a median income of $35,049 versus $21,333 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,724. About 7.70% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.70% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Clinton County is divided into these townships:

  • Bloomfield
  • Brookfield
  • Camanche
  • Center
  • De Witt
  • Deep Creek
  • Eden
  • Elk River
  • Grant
  • Hampshire
  • Liberty
  • Olive
  • Orange
  • Sharon
  • Spring Rock
  • Washington
  • Waterford
  • Welton

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Clinton County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Clinton City 26,885
2 DeWitt City 5,322
3 Camanche City 4,448
4 Wheatland City 764
5 Grand Mound City 642
6 Delmar City 525
7 Lost Nation City 446
8 Calamus City 439
9 Charlotte City 394
10 Low Moor City 288
11 Goose Lake City 240
12 Welton City 165
13 Toronto City 124
14 Andover City 103

Clinton County, Iowa Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.