kids encyclopedia robot

Killin facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Killin
Main Street, Killin - geograph.org.uk - 1347515.jpg
Main Street, Killin, with Meall nan Tarmachan in the background to the north
Killin is located in Stirling
Killin
Killin
Population 740 (2020)
OS grid reference NN572328
Civil parish
  • Killin
Council area
Lieutenancy area
  • Stirling and Falkirk
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Killin
Postcode district FK21
Dialling code 01567
Police Central Scotland
Fire Central Scotland
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
  • Stirling
Scottish Parliament
  • Stirling
Website /www.killin.info
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°27′58″N 4°19′05″W / 56.466°N 4.318°W / 56.466; -4.318

Killin ( (Scottish Gaelic: Cill Fhinn) is a village in Perthshire, in the central highlands of Scotland. Situated at the western head of Loch Tay, the village is administered by the Stirling council area. Killin is a historic conservation village and sits within the Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park. It is the central settlement of the historic region of Breadalbane.

Killin is notable as a historically important part of the Gaidhealtachd of Perthshire and a centre of wildlife and adventure tourism.

A recent analysis (July 2021) by a leading mental health life insurance provider identified Killin as the second-best holiday destination for wellness in the United Kingdom

History

The MacNab Clan were once dominant here, and have long been associated with Killin. Their ancient burial ground is on Inchbuie in the River Dochart, just below the falls, and is visible from the bridge.

Kinnell House was the seat of the MacNabs. A well-preserved prehistoric stone circle (possibly 'restored' to improve its appearance) known as Killin Stone Circle can be seen in the grounds of the house. To the north of the village lie the ruins of the Campbells of Breadalbane stronghold of Finlarig Castle, with its associated chapel. The growing power of the Campbells eventually ousted the MacNabs, who lost Kinnell House to their rivals. In 1694 Sir John Campbell of Glenorchy, 1st Earl of Breadalbane established Killin as a Burgh of barony. In 1949 Kinnell House and its estate returned to the ownership of the Chief of Clan Macnab, but in 1978 death duties forced the then Chief, James Charles Macnab of Macnab, to sell most of the estate.

In 1767 the minister of Killin, James Stuart, published the first New Testament in Scottish Gaelic.

By the end of the 18th century there was a local linen industry. Flax was grown locally, spun in small mills and woven into linen by home based weavers. Today, Killin services the local rural community and the growing tourism and leisure industries. In addition to walking on Ben Lawers National Nature Reserve, fishing for trout and salmon there are various watersports available on Loch Tay. Many local vernacular buildings have been preserved or converted, allowing the village to retain much of its historic character.

The 19th century Moirlanich Longhouse in nearby Glen Lochay is a rare surviving example of the cruck frame Scottish longhouse, and is now in the care of the National Trust for Scotland. The former Breadalbane Folklore Centre in the Victorian mill by the falls displays the 'healing stones' of Saint Fillan.

Tomnadashan Mine, an abandoned copper mine overlooking the village, is sometimes identified as the haunt of the Rabbit of Caerbannog of Monty Python and the Holy Grail fame. Nearby Glen Lochay is the mysterious location to which Richard Hannay, played by Robert Donat, heads in the 1935 Alfred Hitchcock film of The 39 Steps.

Events

The village hosts the annual Killin Music Festival in June of each year. The festival was relaunched in 2016 by a local voluntary team.



Notable people

  • Rev Prof Patrick Campbell MacDougall FRSE (1806-1867), Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh, born in the manse in Killin the son of Rev Hugh MacDougall
  • James Stuart (1701-1709) was Minister of Killin and published the first edition of the New Testament in Scottish Gaelic. A prominent monument, written in Gaelic, stands in his memory outside the local Parish Church, in front of the Killin Hotel.
  • Charles Stewart (1823-1894) was a famous Gaelic preservist and revivalist who collected local Gaelic songs and folklore from the area. He is notable particularly for the creation of "The Killin Collection", an important collection of Gaelic songs from the area. Born in Fortingall, he spent most of his life in Tign an Duin in Killin.
  • Peter Ross (1873-1923) from Killin invented a fishing fly, now known as the Peter Ross Fly which is commonly used around the world.
kids search engine
Killin Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.