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London Borough of Hounslow
Coat of arms of London Borough of Hounslow
Coat of arms
Official logo of London Borough of Hounslow
Council logo
Hounslow shown within Greater London
Hounslow shown within Greater London
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Historic county Middlesex
Created 1 April 1965
Admin HQ Hounslow
Government
 • Type London borough council
 • Body Hounslow London Borough Council
Area
 • Total 21.61 sq mi (55.98 km2)
Area rank 264th (of 326)
Population
 (mid-2015 est.)
 • Total 218,600
 • Rank 58th (of 326)
 • Density 10,114/sq mi (3,905.0/km2)
 • Ethnicity
37.9% White British
1.9% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
11.5% Other White
0.9% White & Black Caribbean
0.7% White & Black African
1.3% White & Asian
1.2% Other Mixed
19% Indian
5.4% Pakistani
0.9% Bangladeshi
0.9% Chinese
8.2% Other Asian
4.2% Black African
1.3% Black Caribbean
1% Other Black
1.4% Arab
2.1% Other
Time zone UTC (GMT)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+1 (BST)
Postcodes
TW, W, UB, SW
Area code(s) 020
ONS code 00AT
GSS code E09000018
Police Metropolitan Police
Website http://www.hounslow.gov.uk/

The London Borough of Hounslow () is a London borough in West London, England, forming part of Outer London. It was created in 1965 when three smaller Middlesex council areas amalgamated under the London Government Act 1963. It is governed by Hounslow London Borough Council.

The borough stretches from near Central London in the east (Chiswick) to the border with Surrey in the west (Feltham and Bedfont), covering five major towns: Chiswick (W4), Brentford (TW8), Isleworth (TW7), Hounslow (TW3, TW4, TW5) and Feltham (TW13, TW14); it borders the boroughs of Richmond upon Thames, Hammersmith and Fulham, Ealing and Hillingdon, in addition to the Spelthorne district of Surrey.

The Borough is home to the London Museum of Water & Steam and the attractions of Osterley Park, Gunnersbury Park, Syon House, and Chiswick House. Moreover, landmarks straddling the border of Hounslow include; Twickenham Stadium and London Heathrow Airport in the London Boroughs of Richmond-upon-Thames and Hillingdon respectively.

Districts in Hounslow

See also: Hounslow parks and open spaces
Settlements grouped by post town
Post Town Other localities
Feltham Bedfont Hanworth Hatton
Brentford Brentford Dock
Hounslow Cranford Grove Park Lampton Heston North Hyde Norwood Green (part)
Isleworth Spring Grove Osterley Woodlands
South Acton (Part)
Chiswick Bedford Park Gunnersbury Strand-on-the-Green Turnham Green
Brentford-houseboats-5840
The Thames at Brentford.

The various electoral wards of Hounslow are grouped into five Areas, each of which is given an extent of self-government:

  • Chiswick
    • Chiswick Homefields
    • Chiswick Riverside
    • Turnham Green
  • Hounslow Town
    • Hounslow Central
    • Hounslow Heath
    • Hounslow South
    • Hounslow West
    • Cranford
  • Isleworth and Brentford
    • Brentford
    • Isleworth
    • Osterley and Spring Grove
    • Syon
  • Heston
    • Heston East
    • Heston Central
    • Heston West
  • West
    • Bedfont
    • Feltham North
    • Feltham West
    • Hanworth Park
    • Hanworth

Demography

53.3% of the borough's population is White, 34.4% is Asian, and 6.6% is Black. The most noticeable South Asian populations in the borough are in Hounslow, Heston and Cranford, all of which also have considerable Eastern European populations. The majority of Afro-Caribbean, West African, and East African populations are situated around the Brentford, Isleworth and Feltham areas. The majority of the White British population reside in the eastern and western parts of the borough (Chiswick, Brentford, Isleworth, Osterley, Hounslow East, Hanworth, Feltham and Bedfont), with this population being most prominent in the affluent areas of Chiswick and Osterley.

In terms of religion, 42% identify themselves as Christian, 14% Muslim, 10.3% Hindu, 9% Sikh, 1.4% Buddhist and 0.3% Jewish, 18% of the population are not religious.. At 9%, Hounslow has the largest proportion of Sikhs in London, and the third-highest in England after Slough and Wolverhampton.

The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 census in Hounslow.

Ethnicity

Population census
Year Pop. ±%
1801 11,672 —    
1811 13,717 +17.5%
1821 15,861 +15.6%
1831 17,817 +12.3%
1841 20,924 +17.4%
1851 23,095 +10.4%
1861 32,942 +42.6%
1871 42,789 +29.9%
1881 52,637 +23.0%
1891 65,836 +25.1%
1901 85,688 +30.2%
1911 111,565 +30.2%
1921 132,823 +19.1%
1931 158,134 +19.1%
1941 183,060 +15.8%
1951 211,916 +15.8%
1961 209,161 −1.3%
1971 206,469 −1.3%
1981 198,967 −3.6%
1991 209,016 +5.1%
2001 212,344 +1.6%
2011 253,957 +19.6%
Note:
Ethnic Group 2001 2011
Number % Number %
White: British 118,421 55.77% 96,264 37.91%
White: Irish 6,198 2.92% 4,775 1.88%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 183 0.07%
White: Other 13,135 6.19% 29,283 11.53%
White: Total 137,754 64.87% 130,505 51.39%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 36,812 17.34% 48,161 18.96%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 9,127 4.30% 13,676 5.39%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 1,125 0.53% 2,189 0.86%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 1,842 0.87% 2,405 0.95%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 5,446 2.56% 20,826 8.20%
Asian or Asian British: Total 54,352 25.60% 87,257 34.36%
Black or Black British: African 5,723 2.70% 10,787 4.25%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 2,826 1.33% 3,381 1.33%
Black or Black British: Other Black 688 0.32% 2,645 1.04%
Black or Black British: Total 9,237 4.35% 16,813 6.62%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 1,382 0.65% 2,273 0.90%
Mixed: White and Black African 843 0.40% 1,730 0.68%
Mixed: White and Asian 2,407 1.13% 3,390 1.33%
Mixed: Other Mixed 1,815 0.85% 2,956 1.16%
Mixed: Total 6,447 3.04% 10,349 4.08%
Other: Arab 3,638 1.43%
Other: Any other ethnic group 5,395 2.12%
Other: Total 4,551 2.14% 9,033 3.56%
Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total 74,587 35.13% 123,452 48.61%
Total 212,341 100.00% 253,957 100.00%

Political composition

Hounslow London UK labelled ward map 2002
A map showing the wards of Hounslow since 2002

Elections across the London Boroughs are currently held every four years. Since the Hounslow borough was formed it has been controlled by the Labour Party on all but two elections: in 1968 the Conservatives formed a majority until they lost control to Labour in 1971. The 2006 local elections produced a no overall control result. Although Labour was the largest party on the Council, the Conservatives formed a coalition with the six Councillors from the independent Isleworth Community Group (ICG) which administered the area until the 2010 local elections when Labour regained control.

Seat distribution as of 2014 elections:

Party Seats
Labour 49
Conservative 11
Total 60

Reflecting how votes were cast in the national elections, in separate polls held the same day, for the 2010-2014 period, the Conservatives and Labour won fifteen seats each from the Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency). Overall, control was held by the Council's Labour administration as 20 Labour Party Councillors and 10 Conservative Party Councillors were elected for wards in the Feltham and Heston half of the borough.

Between 1998 and 2006 Independents were elected to the London Borough of Hounslow from the area. The first Independent Community Group (ICG) Councillor was elected in 1998 as Isleworth Community Group in Isleworth. In 2002 three ICG Councillors were elected in Isleworth. In 2006 six ICG Councillors were elected (Syon and Isleworth wards), and former Labour Leader of the Council John Connelly was re-elected as an Independent in Hounslow Heath ward. All seven of the Independents were defeated in the local elections held on 6 May 2010 by, in their respective wards, Labour Party candidates. Since then one Conservative councillor has become an Independent and four Conservative Councillors have defected to UKIP.

History

See

for the history of each

Hounslow Civic Centre-sign-2012
Hounslow Civic Centre
Hounslow Civic Centre - geograph.org.uk - 22531
Hounslow Civic Centre

Etymology

The town of Hounslow, which has existed since the 13th Century, is located at the centre of the Borough of Hounslow. The name Hounslow means 'Hund's mound'; the personal name Hund is followed by the Old English hlaew meaning mound or barrow. (The mound may have been his burial place.) It was recorded in the Domesday Book as Honeslaw.

Foundations

The borough was formed in 1965, under the London Government Act 1963, by the merger of the area of the former Brentford and Chiswick Urban District, Feltham Urban District and the Heston and Isleworth Urban District (which held borough status as did Brentford and Chiswick) of Middlesex.

This outer borough of Greater London lies on the Middlesex bank of the River Thames and was the site of the first stop on an important coach route to Southampton, Bath, Bristol and Exeter. The A30 "Great South West Road" trunk road, which runs down to Penzance in Cornwall, starts in the borough. Hounslow town developed on either side of the main Great West Road from London to the West of England (not to be confused with the modern road of the same name), causing a large number of inns to be built to serve the travellers. A few, such as The Bell retain their names, although the buildings have largely been replaced. The Bell marks the former junction of the coaching routes. Historic milestones are preserved on the Staines Road (now re-numbered as the A315 but joining the "old" A30 again just inside the borough's western boundary)

Hounslow grew rapidly in the latter half of the 20th century due to other travel, a connection to the largest of London's airports since the 1940s, Heathrow Airport which is in the Hounslow post town. Little known is that aviation dates to the early 1900s here when one of London's earliest airfields was situated on Hounslow Heath because of the extremely flat terrain. The Great West Road, which crosses the borough from Chiswick to Heathrow, at one time served nationally and globally famous manufacturers including Firestone, Gillette and Coty. As a result, the area became known as the "Golden Mile". A few of these factory sites remain today, such as Gillette Corner, and the Great West Road is still home to many prestigious names (see "famous companies" below), providing them with easy non-motorway access between Slough, London Heathrow Airport and Central London.

Transport

Air

Hounslow abuts the perimeter of London Heathrow Airport in the London Borough of Hillingdon. Plans for the expansion of Heathrow Airport are vigorously opposed by Hounslow if such plans increase or widen noise and pollution, weighed against arguments of greater employment and spending.

Bus

The borough has forty-seven bus routes (27, 65, 81, 90, 94, 105, 110, 111, 116, 117, 120, 190, 195, 203, 222, 235, 237, 267, 272, 281, 285, 290, 391, 423, 440, 481, 482, 490, 635, 681, 813, 941, E2, E3, E6, E8, H20, H22, H25, H26, H28, H32, H37, H91, H98, R70, X26), some of which are 24 hours services, and two night services (N9 and N11).

Rail

The borough's railway stations are:

  • on the North London Line: Gunnersbury.
  • on the Hounslow Loop Line: Chiswick, Kew Bridge, Brentford, Isleworth, Syon Lane, and Hounslow.
  • on the mainline: Feltham.

River

River services between Westminster Pier and Hampton Court depart from Kew Gardens Pier just across the River Thames from Hounslow.

Road

Principal roads in Hounslow include the A4 (Great West Road), the elevated section of the M4 motorway, the A406 (North Circular) and A205 (South Circular) roads, all of which meet at Gunnersbury just west of Chiswick. The A4 runs eastwards into central London via the Hogarth Roundabout where it meets the A316 (Great Chertsey Road) which runs south-west, eventually joining the M3 motorway.

Underground

The borough is served by branches of two London Underground lines District line:

  • Stamford Brook: District line, Richmond and Ealing Broadway branches;
  • Turnham Green: District line, Richmond and Ealing Broadway branches and Piccadilly line (early mornings and late evenings only);
  • Gunnersbury: District line, Richmond branch

Piccadilly line:

  • Boston Manor: Heathrow branch (as all stations below);
  • Osterley
  • Hounslow East
  • Hounslow Central
  • Hounslow West

Three stations lie just outside the borough's northern boundaries. Chiswick Park and Acton Town (both in the London Borough of Ealing) and Hatton Cross tube station (in the London Borough of Hillingdon) serve the borough's residents.

Travel to work

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were (of all residents aged 16–74):

  • driving a car or van, 26.7%;
  • bus, minibus or coach, 10.5%;
  • underground, metro, light rail, tram, 10.5%;
  • train, 5.5%;
  • on foot, 5.0%;
  • work mainly at or from home, 2.9%;
  • bicycle, 2.2%.

Sport and leisure

The borough of Hounslow has several Non-League football clubs:

  • CB Hounslow United F.C. who play at the Osterley Sports Ground.
  • Hanworth Villa F.C. who play at Rectory Meadow.
  • Bedfont & Feltham F.C. who currently play at the Orchard in East Bedfont.
  • Bedfont Sports F.C. who play at the Bedfont Sports Recreation Ground.
  • Ashford Town F.C. (Middlesex) who play at The Robert Parker Stadium.

The borough is also home to Staines Rugby Football Club who play at the "Reeves" in Hanworth.

Twinning

Hounslow has a sister district agreement with Leningradsky District in Krasnodar Krai, Russia.

Economy

The borough is home to the headquarters of GlaxoSmithKline and Sky plc, both based in Brentford's 'Golden Mile' stretch of the A4 Great West Road, and several supermarket outlets once known across the globe for its cluster of factories and offices, and is currently going under extensive re developments in the form of new apartment blocks and offices. Fuller's Griffin Brewery is also in the borough, in Chiswick. Aston Martin were based in Feltham for several years before moving to Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire.

DHL Air UK has its head office in Hounslow.

Air France-KLM's head office for United Kingdom and Ireland operations, which includes facilities for Air France and KLM, is located in Plesman House in Hatton Cross in the borough. The Plesman House, outside of Terminal 4 of London Heathrow Airport, has the UK commercial team, sales team, and support team. Sega Europe has its head office in Brentford. Menzies Aviation has its head office by the airport in Feltham. JCDecaux UK has its head office in Brentford.

Before winding-up British Mediterranean Airways was headquartered at Hetherington House near London Heathrow Airport

A 2017 study by Trust for London and New Policy Institute found that pay inequality in Hounslow is the second largest of any London borough. It also found that 25% people in Hounslow live in poverty, which is slightly lower than the London-wide poverty rate of 27%.

Education

See also: List of schools in Hounslow

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