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Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana facts for kids

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Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana
Seal of Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana
Map of Louisiana highlighting Natchitoches Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the USA highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded April 10, 1805
Seat Natchitoches
Largest City Natchitoches
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,299 sq mi (3,364 km²)
1,252 sq mi (3,243 km²)
47 sq mi (122 km²), 3.6%
 - (2015)
 - Density

32/sq mi (12/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Natchitoches people
County flag Flag of Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana
Natchitoches Parish Library IMG 1956
The Natchitoches Parish Library.
Magnolia Plantation; Natchitoches Parish, LA IMG 3472
Hidden by trees, the Magnolia Plantation is located in the Cane River Creole National Historical Park.
Creston Baptist Church near Campti, LA IMG 2104
Creston Baptist Church is located at the intersections of the highways leading to Ashland, Goldonna, and Readhimer.

Natchitoches Parish (French: Paroisse des Natchitoches ou Les Natchitoches) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,566. The parish seat is Natchitoches. The parish was formed in 1805.

The Natchitoches, LA Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Natchitoches Parish. This is the heart of the Cane River Louisiana Creole community.

Including extensive outbuildings at Magnolia and Oakland plantations, the Cane River Creole National Historical Park interprets the history and culture of the Louisiana Creoles. It was designated one of the original sites on the Louisiana African American Heritage Trail.


Natchitoches Parish was created by the act of April 10, 1805 that divided the Territory of Orleans into twelve parishes, including Orleans, Iberville, Rapides and Natchitoches. The parish boundaries were much larger than now defined, but were gradually reduced as new parishes were organized to keep up with population increases in the state. Caddo, Claiborne, Bossier, Webster, DeSoto, Bienville, Jackson, Sabine, Red River, Winn, and Grant parishes were eventually formed from Natchitoches' enormous territory. Natchitoches Parish has fifteen border revisions, making it second only to Ouachita parish in number of boundary revisions.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 1,299 square miles (3,360 km2), of which 1,252 square miles (3,240 km2) is land and 47 square miles (120 km2) (3.6%) is water. It is the fourth-largest parish by land area in Louisiana. The primary groundwater resources of Natchitoches Parish, from near surface to deepest, include the Red River alluvial, upland terrace, Sparta, and Carrizo-Wilcox aquifers.

Adjacent parishes

Major highways

  • I-49.svg Interstate 49
  • US 71.svg U.S. Highway 71
  • US 84.svg U.S. Highway 84
  • Louisiana 1.svg Louisiana Highway 1
  • Louisiana 6.svg Louisiana Highway 6
  • Louisiana 9.svg Louisiana Highway 9
  • Louisiana 117.svg Louisiana Highway 117
  • Louisiana 119.svg Louisiana Highway 119
  • Louisiana 126.svg Louisiana Highway 126
  • Louisiana 153.svg Louisiana Highway 153
  • Louisiana 155.svg Louisiana Highway 155
  • Louisiana 156.svg Louisiana Highway 156
  • Louisiana 174.svg Louisiana Highway 174
  • Louisiana 480.svg Louisiana Highway 480
  • Louisiana 485.svg Louisiana Highway 485
  • Louisiana 486.svg Louisiana Highway 486
  • Louisiana 494.svg Louisiana Highway 494
  • Louisiana 1226.svg Louisiana Highway 1226
  • Louisiana 3163.svg Louisiana Highway 3163

National protected areas

Cane River Creole National Historical Park
Kisatchie National Forest (part)
Red River National Wildlife Refuge (part)
Saline Bayou


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 7,486
1830 7,905 5.6%
1840 14,350 81.5%
1850 14,228 −0.9%
1860 16,699 17.4%
1870 18,265 9.4%
1880 19,707 7.9%
1890 25,836 31.1%
1900 33,216 28.6%
1910 36,455 9.8%
1920 38,602 5.9%
1930 38,477 −0.3%
1940 40,997 6.5%
1950 38,144 −7.0%
1960 35,653 −6.5%
1970 35,219 −1.2%
1980 39,863 13.2%
1990 36,689 −8.0%
2000 39,080 6.5%
2010 39,566 1.2%
Est. 2015 39,179 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,566 people residing in the county. 54.3% were White, 41.4% Black or African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.9% of some other race and 2.1% of two or more races. 1.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census of 2000, there were 39,080 people, 14,263 households, and 9,499 families residing in the parish. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 16,890 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 57.85% White, 38.43% Black or African American (42 percent in 2010), 1.08% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. 1.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,263 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.30% were married couples living together, 17.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the parish the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 17.90% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 19.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 90.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.80 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $25,722, and the median income for a family was $32,816. Males had a median income of $29,388 versus $19,234 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $13,743. About 20.90% of families and 26.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.70% of those under age 18 and 19.00% of those age 65 or over.

National Guard

A Troop 2-108TH CAV is headquartered in behind the local college and the airport. This unit has deployed twice to Iraq, first as part of the 1-156TH Armor Battalion in 2004-2005 and then as part of the 2-108TH CAV SQDN in 2010. Both times this company sized element deployed with the 256th Infantry Brigade.


Map of Natchitoches Parish Louisiana With Municipal Labels
Map of Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels




Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


Map of Natchitoches Parish Louisiana With Municipal and District Labels
Natchitoches Parish District Line
  • Natchitoches Parish District 1
  • Natchitoches Parish District 2
  • Natchitoches Parish District 3
  • Natchitoches Parish District 4
  • Natchitoches Parish District 7
  • Natchitoches Parish District 8
  • Natchitoches Parish District 9
  • Natchitoches Parish District 10
  • Natchitoches Parish District 11



Name Address Zip Aged
Natchitoches Parish Detention Center 299 Edwina Dr, Natchitoches, Louisiana 71457 16+

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