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Palatine, Illinois
Village of Palatine
Official logo of Palatine, Illinois
Logo
Motto(s): 
A Real Home Town
Location of Palatine in Cook County, Illinois
Location of Palatine in Cook County, Illinois
Palatine, Illinois is located in Illinois
Palatine, Illinois
Palatine, Illinois
Location in Illinois
Palatine, Illinois is located in the United States
Palatine, Illinois
Palatine, Illinois
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  Illinois
County Cook
Township Palatine
Area
 • Total 14.28 sq mi (36.98 km2)
 • Land 14.11 sq mi (36.56 km2)
 • Water 0.16 sq mi (0.42 km2)
Elevation
741 ft (226 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 67,908
 • Density 4,811.39/sq mi (1,857.69/km2)
Demonym(s) Palatinian
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
60067, 60074, 60078, 60094, 60095, 60173, 60195
Area codes 847, 224
FIPS code 17-57225
Home value: $254,600 (2013)
Wikimedia Commons Palatine, Illinois

Palatine is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is a northwestern residential suburb of Chicago. As of the 2020 census, it had a population of 67,908. As of the 2010 Census, it was the seventh-largest community in Cook County and the 18th-largest in the state of Illinois.

History

The first European-American to settle in Palatine is generally thought to be George Ela, who built a log cabin in the area now called Deer Grove. Ela was one of the first of a wave of pioneers to migrate to northern Illinois following the Black Hawk War. A road which passes through the western edge of Palatine is called Ela Road in his honor.

The Village of Palatine was founded in 1866. It was built around a station on the new Chicago and North Western Railway. Joel Wood surveyed and laid out the village, earning him the title of Palatine's founder. One of Palatine's original downtown streets is named after Wood.

A shortline railroad, the Palatine, Lake Zurich and Wauconda Railroad, was built in 1911, and began full passenger service to Wauconda, Illinois, in 1912. The line was closed in 1924 after a series of financial misfortunes and the improvement of roads in the area. The PLZ&W provided transportation to Dr. Wilson's Deer Grove Park, just north of Dundee Road in Palatine.

Palatine's first suburb-style subdivision was called Palanois Park, built shortly after World War II. The town has experienced rapid growth since the 1970s, part of Chicago's growing suburban sprawl. Palatine was home to the Cook County Fair from 1914 to 1931. The fairgrounds are now a subdivision with a name that pays tribute to Palatine's former fairgrounds.

During the early 1990s, Palatine along with neighboring Rolling Meadows and far northern suburb Zion were sued by atheist activist Rob Sherman over its village seal and seal-defaced flag, which had a Christian cross, among other things, inside an outline of an eagle. A 1992 advisory referendum to keep the seal passed, but another referendum to use public funds to defend the seal failed, leading the village to drop the seal. While Rolling Meadows and Zion developed new seals with the crosses removed, Palatine has since been without an official seal or flag, and is Illinois' largest city or village to be so. The French tricolor reflecting the village's sister city relationship with Fontenay-le-Comte, France, has flown at times on the flagpole meant for the village flag outside the village hall.

Palatine has been in the process of revitalizing its downtown area since December 1999. This process has spawned a new passenger train station, a nearby parking garage, and several new condominiums, rowhomes, and commercial buildings.

In 2008, Palatine made news by threatening to secede from Cook County over the latter's sales tax hike; as a result of the tax hike, Palatine's sales tax is 9.0%. In 2009, residents of Palatine Township (which includes the village of Palatine) overwhelmingly voted to pass an advisory referendum stating that they would like to secede from Cook County.

Palatine Metra Station
The Palatine Metra station is visible looking southeast along the Union Pacific Northwest Line.

Geography

Palatine is located at 42°7′1″N 88°2′26″W / 42.11694°N 88.04056°W / 42.11694; -88.04056 (42.116885, -88.040613).

According to the 2010 census, Palatine has a total area of 13.763 square miles (35.65 km2), of which 13.62 square miles (35.28 km2) (or 98.96%) is land and 0.143 square miles (0.37 km2) (or 1.04%) is water. Palatine's shape resembles that of the head of an axe.

Palatine is in a wooded marshland where several streams rise around the village. Most of these streams meet up with Salt Creek which rises at Wilke Marsh on the village's east side. The most notable exception is the northeast side, where its streams lie in the Buffalo Creek watershed. A small part of the east and southeast sides lies in the McDonald Creek watershed.

Deer grove sunset
Sunset at Deer Grove Forest Preserve

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 731
1890 891 21.9%
1900 1,020 14.5%
1910 1,144 12.2%
1920 1,210 5.8%
1930 2,118 75.0%
1940 2,222 4.9%
1950 4,079 83.6%
1960 11,504 182.0%
1970 26,050 126.4%
1980 32,166 23.5%
1990 39,253 22.0%
2000 65,479 66.8%
2010 68,557 4.7%
2020 67,908 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
2018 Estimate

As of the 2010 census, there were 68,557 people, 26,876 households, and 17,646 families residing in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 76.9% White, 10.3% Asian, 2.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, and 0.03% Pacific Islander. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.0% of the population. 7.4% identified as some other race, and 2.3% were of two or more races.

There were 26,876 households, out of which 33.2% had any child under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were headed by husband-wife couples, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.3% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, and 7.5% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54, and the average family size was 3.16.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.8 years. Of the total population, 49.4% were male and 50.6% were female.

According to the 2011 American Community Survey, the estimated median income for a household in the village was $63,756, and the median income for a family was $74,915. The per capita income for the village was $30,049. About 8.2% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

The village is home to a large Sikh gurdwara on its northwest side that is visited by Sikhs from across the country.

Park districts

Palatine Park District

The Palatine Park District serves 85,000 residents within the Palatine, Rolling Meadows, Arlington Heights, Inverness, Hoffman Estates and Barrington communities. It is governed by five elected park commissioners who oversee a professional staff.

The Palatine Park District operates swimming pools at Family Aquatic Center, Birchwood, and Eagle, as well as recreational centers at Community Center, Birchwood, and Falcon Park – which opened in January 2010.

Events

  • Streetfest- Similar to Taste of Chicago, this event includes lines of food vendors down the streets of Downtown Palatine, with music playing and games and other fun activities going on at the same time. This happens at the end of every summer (August) every year and is meant for families and friends to enjoy.
  • Fourth of July Celebration- Another tradition of Palatine is the schedule of Fourth of July events that occur every year. From an annual parade, to fireworks which traditionally occur on the third of July, to the carnival that comes into town, Palatine is full of the traditional celebration of every Fourth of July holiday. Events are for members of all ages, and are things that occur every year.

Sister cities

Economy

Weber Grill headquarters
Weber-Stephen Products' headquarters in Palatine

Weber-Stephen Products, manufacturer of the Weber grill, is headquartered in Palatine.

Top employers

According to Palatine's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Community Consolidated School District 15 2,444
2 Township High School District 211 2,055
3 United States Postal Service 1,900
4 Community College District 512 840
5 Little City Foundation 735
6 Weber-Stephen Products 400
7 Village of Palatine 346
8 Intec Group, Inc. 175
8 Arlington Plating 175
10 United Parcel Service 155

Education

Public schools

Entrance to Avante - Harper College
Harper College
William Fremd High School
William Fremd High School
Palatine High School
Palatine High School

Palatine is part of Community Consolidated School District 15 for public elementary schools and Township High School District 211 for public high schools. Schools located in Palatine include:

  • Gray M. Sanborn School
  • Hunting Ridge School
  • Jane Addams School
  • Lake Louise School
  • Lincoln School
  • Marion Jordan School
  • Pleasant Hill School
  • Stuart R. Paddock School
  • Virginia Lake School
  • Walter R. Sundling Junior High
  • Winston Campus Junior High
  • Palatine High School
  • William Fremd High School
  • District 211 Academy-North

Private schools

  • Saint Theresa (Catholic) (Preschool-8)
  • Saint Thomas of Villanova (Catholic) (Preschool-8)
  • Immanuel Lutheran (Lutheran) (Preschool-8)

Independent schools

  • Quest Academy (Preschool-8)
  • Acton Academy (K-12)
  • The Chicago Northwest Suburban Chinese School holds its classes at William Fremd High School. The school serves students in grades preschool through 10.

College

  • William Rainey Harper College

Notable people

  • Michael Bradley, midfielder with the US National Team and Toronto FC; lived in Palatine
  • Perry Caravello, actor and comedian, lived in Palatine as a child
  • J. Michael Durnil – president of the Simon Youth Foundation, former senior vice president of the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation, and former administrator at Roosevelt University
  • Mauro Fiore, Academy Award-winning cinematographer; attended Palatine High School
  • Gudy Gaskill, mountaineer, driving force behind the creation of the Colorado Trail
  • John Gegenhuber, actor
  • Belle C. Greene, novelist, spent summers here from 1910 until her death in 1926
  • Vicki Gunvalson, cast member of The Real Housewives of Orange County
  • Stanley M. Hough, thoroughbred racehorse trainer
  • Todd Hundley, catcher with the Mets, Cubs, and Dodgers; attended William Fremd High School
  • Liz Johnson, professional bowler and USBC Hall of Famer; moved to Palatine in 2017 (originally from Cheektowaga, New York)
  • Wendell E. Jones, educator, businessman, and politician
  • Thymme Jones, drummer for Cheer-Accident
  • Larry Lujack, radio personality; lived in Palatine while hosting on WLS
  • Carol Marin, journalist (NBC 5 Chicago, Chicago Tonight); attended Palatine High School
  • Christina Moore, actress (MADtv, Jessie)
  • Richard A. Mugalian, lawyer and politician
  • Kris Myers, drummer for Umphrey's McGee
  • Ted Nugent, guitarist and singer; grew up in Palatine
  • Bernard E. Pedersen, businessman and Illinois state legislator
  • Frederik Pohl, science-fiction writer and critic
  • John Ratcliffe, member of the United States House of Representatives from Texas's 4th congressional district from 2015 to 2020.
  • David Saunders, wide receiver and linebacker with several arena football teams
  • Jim Schwantz, linebacker with the Chicago Bears, San Francisco 49ers, and Dallas Cowboys; mayor of Palatine
  • Mike Tauchman (born 1990), outfielder for the San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball
  • Scott Tolzien, quarterback of the Indianapolis Colts, Green Bay Packers and former quarterback of the Wisconsin Badgers
  • Rollin S. Williamson, state politician and judge

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