Spring Hill, Queensland facts for kids
Wickham Terrace, the main street of Spring Hill
|Area:||1.2 km² (0.5 sq mi)|
|Location:||2 km (1 mi) from Brisbane|
|LGA:||City of Brisbane
|State District:||Brisbane Central|
Spring Hill is an inner suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia located 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of the central business district. Parts of Spring Hill can be considered to be extensions of the Brisbane CBD.
In the 2011 census, Spring Hill had a population of 5,259 people, 44% female and 56% male.
The median age of the Spring Hill population was 30 years, 7 years below the Australian median. Children aged under 15 years made up 6.8% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 5.6% of the population. The most notable difference was the group in their twenties; in Spring Hill this group made up 36.1% of the population, compared to just 13.8% nationally.
43.8% of people living in Spring Hill were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were Korea, Republic of 3.9%, India 3.8%, New Zealand 3.6%, England 3.5%, Colombia 2.1%.
56.7% of people spoke only English at home; the next most popular languages were 3.3% Korean, 3.3% Mandarin, 3.3% Spanish, 1.7% Portuguese, 1.7% Cantonese.
The most common religious affiliation was "No Religion" (28.5%); the next most common responses were Catholic 22.9%, Anglican 8.4%, Hinduism 3.7% and Buddhism 3.1%.
The Old Windmill in Wickham Park was built in 1824 when Brisbane was a penal colony and originally milled grain and then used as a gallows for the colony. The Spring Hill Baths operated by the Brisbane City Council are the oldest public baths in Queensland.
Spring Hill was so named in the nineteenth century because the hill on which the suburb was built was the source of the creek that was Brisbane's first fresh water supply.
Spring Hill is one of the oldest residential neighbourhoods in Brisbane, with many houses dating from the nineteenth century. As an example, some of the house lots in Sedgebrook Street were surveyed in the 1870s. However, in recent decades much of the older residential and commercial structures have been demolished to be replaced by modern office blocks and apartment buildings.
A government laboratory and animal facility was built in the 1890s adjacent to the Brisbane Grammar School on College Rd. It was known as the Bacteriological Institute from 1900 to 1910.
Between 1903 and 1947 trams ran up Edward Street and along Leichhardt Street to Gregory Terrace. This tram line, operated by the Brisbane City Council, was the steepest in Australia, with a maximum gradient of 1 in 8. After its closure the trams were initially replaced with diesel buses, but in 1951 these were replaced by a trolley-bus service. This was in turn replaced by diesel buses in 1968. The Brisbane City Council continues to provide bus services to the suburb.
The suburb was also served by trams along Boundary street and St Pauls Terrace, with this service being replaced by buses in 1969.
The Inner-Northern Busway serves the suburb via the Normanby bus stop.
Spring Hill has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- 47-55 Birley Street: McWhinneys Brick Cottage
- 283 Boundary Street: Lonsdale House
- 477 Boundary Street: Main Roads Building
- 19 Gloucester Street: William Grigor's House
- 17 Gregory Terrace: Cliveden Mansions
- 24 Gregory Terrace: Brisbane Grammar School Buildings
- 369 Gregory Terrace: Victoria Flats
- 400 Gregory Terrace: Centenary Pool Complex
- 449 & 451 Gregory Terrace: Grangehill
- 454 Gregory Terrace: Victoria Park
- 37 Leichhardt Street: Mountview House
- 8 Love Street: Bedford Playground
- Rogers Street: Brisbane Central State School
- 43 St Pauls Terrace: St Pauls Presbyterian Church
- 43 St Pauls Terrace: St Pauls Presbyterian Church Hall
- 71 St Pauls Terrace: Bellmount
- 134 St Paul's Terrace: Monier Ventilation Shaft 2
- 14 Torrington Street: Spring Hill Baths
- 8-12, & 16 Victoria Street: Moody's Cottages
- Wickham Terrace: Albert Park (North) air raid shelter
- 32 Wickham Terrace: All Saints Anglican Church
- 73 Wickham Terrace: Inchcolm
- 79 Wickham Terrace: Lister House
- 97 Wickham Terrace: Espie Dods House
- 121 Wickham Terrace: Ballow Chambers
- 136 Wickham Terrace: Wickham Terrace Car Park
- 155-157 Wickham Terrace: Wickham House
- 163 Wickham Terrace: Baptist City Tabernacle
- 183 Wickham Terrace: United Service Club Premises
- 217 Wickham Terrace: Craigston
- 226 Wickham Terrace: The Old Windmill
- 230 Wickham Terrace: Spring Hill Reservoirs
- 287 Wickham Terrace: Bryntirion
- 307 Wickham Terrace: Athol Place
- 330 Wickham Terrace: Wickham Park Air Raid Shelters
- 355 Wickham Terrace: Theosophical Society Building
- 465 Wickham Terrace: St Andrews War Memorial Hospital Administration Building
- 497-535 Wickham Terrace: Lady Bowen Hospital
- 500 Wickham Terrace: Monier Ventilation Shaft 1
Spring Hill, Queensland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.