Tamborine Mountain facts for kids
Tamborine Mountain landscape
|Elevation||525 m (1,722 ft)|
|Parent range||Great Dividing Range|
|Age of rock||Aquitanian|
|Mountain type||Shield volcano|
|Population||7,030 (2011 census)|
|LGA(s)||Scenic Rim Region|
Tamborine Mountain is a 28 square kilometres (11 sq mi)* plateau (8 km long by 4 km wide) and locality in the Scenic Rim local government area of South East Queensland, Australia. In the 2011 census, Tamborine Mountain had a population of 7,030 people. The name is of Aboriginal origin and has nothing to do with the musical instrument. It is considered part of the Gold Coast hinterland and has a strong tourist industry.
Tamborine Mountain was inhabited by Aborigines for tens of thousands of years and, at the time of early European settlement, lay in the territory of the Wangerriburras. The origin of the name Tamborine comes from the Anglicised version of the Aboriginal word 'Jambreen' from the Yugambeh language. The spelling also appears on early records as Tchambreem and even Goombireen, which means 'wild lime' and refers to the finger lime trees growing on the mountain.
Until it was opened for selection in 1878 it was covered with a diverse range of forest types. In that year the first white settler, John O'Callaghan selected a parcel of land on the mountain. Much clearing for agriculture took place, though efforts were made to protect the natural values of the area, with Witches Falls National Park (now part of the Tamborine National Park) being declared in 1908, the first in Queensland. The Tamborine National Park is made up of 12 separate sections of land, mainly remnant rainforest, on the plateau and surrounding foothills. A tourist road to the mountain was opened in 1924.
Tamborine Mountain has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Geissmann Drive: Tamborine Mountain Road
- 2–4 Geissmann Street: Former Presbyterian Church
- 6–8 Main Street: Former Mountain Crest Guesthouse
- 22 Main Street: Zamia Theatre
- 386–398 Main Western Road: Tamborine Showgrounds and Hall
Human settlement on the plateau is centred on three village communities: North Tamborine, Eagle Heights and Mount Tamborine, with a total population of about 5,100. The plateau is classified as a rural area, with zoning restrictions that prohibit property from being subdivided. There is no reticulated water supply or sewerage system, and residents are dependent on rainwater, bores and septic systems. Many residents commute to work on the Gold Coast or in Brisbane.
Tamborine Mountain attracts many tourists to "Gallery Walk" along Long Road, a street devoted to art galleries, cafes and souvenir shops. Other tourism-heavy areas include Main Street, two one-way roads with cafes, library, fuel, hardware stores, newsagent, the Zamia Theatre, various other shops, and the Tamborine Showground Markets, held every second Sunday of the month. A new major shopping precinct contains more of the above, and a SupaIGA supermarket.
The Glow-Worm Caves are a man-made attraction which opened to visitors in March 2006. They are located in one of the many wineries on the mountain. There are several fine dining locations.
Tamborine Mountain is well known for walking tracks winding through rainforest regions and occasionally past cliffs or waterfalls. The most well-known ones are the Curtis Falls rainforest track and the Knoll. The Palm Grove walk is a 30-minute downhill trek to a massive fallen fig tree (blown down by storms in 2013) through a vast skyline filled with 30-metre (98 ft) tall palms. The track passes mountain streams, a waterfall and wildlife. The Botanic Gardens are found in Eagle Heights.
- Tamborine Mountain State High School (Secondary years 7–12)
- Tamborine Mountain College (Primary in 2015 – preps–6, secondary years 7–12)
- Tamborine Mountain State School (primary – year 1 – 7)
- St Bernards State School (primary – year 1 – 7)
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Tamborine Mountain Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.