Yell County, Arkansas facts for kids

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Yell County, Arkansas
Map
Map of Arkansas highlighting Yell County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the USA highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 5, 1840
Seat Danville (western district);
Dardanelle (eastern district)
Largest City Dardanelle
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

949 sq mi (2,458 km²)
930 sq mi (2,409 km²)
19 sq mi (49 km²), 2.0%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

21,713
24/sq mi (9/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: yellcounty.net
Named for: Archibald Yell

Yell County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,185. The county has two county seats, Dardanelle and Danville. Yell County is Arkansas's 42nd county, formed on December 5, 1840 from portions of Scott and Pope counties. It was named after Archibald Yell, who was the state's first member of the United States House of Representatives and the second governor of Arkansas; he later was killed in combat at the Battle of Buena Vista during the Mexican-American War. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Yell County is part of the Russellville, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 949 square miles (2,460 km2), of which 930 square miles (2,400 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (2.0%) is water.

Major highways

  • Arkansas 7.svg Highway 7
  • Arkansas 10.svg Highway 10
  • Arkansas 27.svg Highway 27
  • Arkansas 28.svg Highway 28
  • Arkansas 60.svg Highway 60
  • Arkansas 80.svg Highway 80
  • Arkansas 154.svg Highway 154

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Ouachita National Forest (part)
  • Ozark National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,341
1860 6,333 89.6%
1870 8,048 27.1%
1880 13,852 72.1%
1890 18,015 30.1%
1900 22,750 26.3%
1910 26,323 15.7%
1920 25,655 −2.5%
1930 21,313 −16.9%
1940 20,970 −1.6%
1950 14,057 −33.0%
1960 11,940 −15.1%
1970 14,208 19.0%
1980 17,026 19.8%
1990 17,759 4.3%
2000 21,139 19.0%
2010 22,185 4.9%
Est. 2015 21,713 −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015
USA Yell County, Arkansas age pyramid
Age pyramid Yell County

As of the census of 2000, there were 21,139 people, 7,922 households, and 5,814 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 9,157 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.63% White, 1.47% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 8.99% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. 12.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.00% reported speaking Spanish at home.

There were 7,922 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,916, and the median income for a family was $33,409. Males had a median income of $23,172 versus $18,148 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,383. About 11.70% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.20% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Yell County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.

  • Birta
  • Bluffton
  • Briggsville
  • Centerville
  • Chula
  • Compton
  • Crawford
  • Danville (Corinth, Danville)
  • Dardanelle (Dardanelle)
  • Dutch Creek
  • Ferguson (Belleville)
  • Galla Rock
  • Gilkey
  • Gravelly Hill
  • Herring
  • Ions Creek
  • Lamar (Plainview)
  • Magazine
  • Mason
  • Mountain
  • Prairie
  • Richland
  • Riley (Havana)
  • Rover
  • Sulphur Springs
  • Ward (Ola)
  • Waveland

Trivia

  • In the novel True Grit, the heroine Mattie Ross is from near Dardanelle in Yell County.
  • First Sergeant William Ellis of the 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry, was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his valor and bravery above and beyond the call of duty at Dardanelle. At 10 a.m. on January 14, 1865, approximately 1,500 Confederates attacked the Union forces entrenched on the outskirts of the town and a fierce four-hour battle was waged. In the end Confederate Colonel William H. Brooks was unable to overcome the Union defenders of the town and was forced to retreat. It was during this battle that Ellis held his position even after receiving three wounds and would not withdraw for medical attention until he received a fourth wound and was ordered to retire by his commanding officer.
  • Yell County was the birthplace of Gretchen McNairy, a moe character from the animated TV series Lukas. The county is referenced several times, and is often portrayed as a land of milk and honey, despite its depressing poverty, since it is the only place where Gretchen's parents actually loved her.

Yell County, Arkansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.