Pope County, Arkansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Pope County, Arkansas
Map
Map of Arkansas highlighting Pope County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the USA highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded November 2, 1829
Seat Russellville
Largest City Russellville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

831 sq mi (2,152 km²)
813 sq mi (2,106 km²)
18 sq mi (47 km²), 2.2%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

63,390
76/sq mi (29/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.popecountyar.com
Named for: John Pope

Pope County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,754. The county seat is Russellville. The county was formed on November 2, 1829, from a portion of Crawford County and named for John Pope, the third governor of the Arkansas Territory. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Pope County is part of the Russellville, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Civil War and Reconstruction

See also: Arkansas in the American Civil War

A large Democratic majority was ardently split into a "town or country" dichotomy at the local level. Further, the county was split between Union and Confederate sympathizers, with deep grudges being held by both sides for grievances committed during the opposite's rule during the war. After the war, Republicans controlled local government and the Democrats controlled the county economy. The political situation and cultural differences kept tensions high between the groups, occasionally resulting in violence. The most violent episode came to be known as the Pope County Militia War, a six-month drama involving robbery, plundering and murder. The state-controlled militia eventually arrived to enforce martial law in the county, making the local Democrats who were providing armed resistance to Clayton's Republican army heroes to Confederate sympathizers around the state.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 831 square miles (2,150 km2), of which 813 square miles (2,110 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (2.2%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-40 (AR).svg Interstate 40
  • US 64.svg U.S. Highway 64
  • Arkansas 7.svg Arkansas Highway 7
  • Arkansas 7S.svg Arkansas Highway 7S
  • Arkansas 7T.svg Arkansas Highway 7T
  • Arkansas 16.svg Arkansas Highway 16
  • Arkansas 27.svg Arkansas Highway 27
  • Arkansas 105.svg Arkansas Highway 105
  • Arkansas 123.svg Arkansas Highway 123
  • Arkansas 124.svg Arkansas Highway 124
  • Arkansas 164.svg Arkansas Highway 164
  • Arkansas 247.svg Arkansas Highway 247
  • Arkansas 324.svg Arkansas Highway 324
  • Arkansas 326.svg Arkansas Highway 326
  • Arkansas 331.svg Arkansas Highway 331
  • Arkansas 333.svg Arkansas Highway 333
  • Arkansas 363.svg Arkansas Highway 363
  • Arkansas 980(Airport).svg Arkansas Highway 980

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Ozark National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,483
1840 2,850 92.2%
1850 4,710 65.3%
1860 7,883 67.4%
1870 8,386 6.4%
1880 14,322 70.8%
1890 19,458 35.9%
1900 21,715 11.6%
1910 24,527 12.9%
1920 27,153 10.7%
1930 26,547 −2.2%
1940 25,682 −3.3%
1950 23,291 −9.3%
1960 21,177 −9.1%
1970 28,607 35.1%
1980 39,021 36.4%
1990 45,883 17.6%
2000 54,469 18.7%
2010 61,754 13.4%
Est. 2015 63,390 2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015
USA Pope County, Arkansas age pyramid
Age pyramid Pope County

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 54,469 people, 20,701 households, and 15,008 families residing in the county. The population density was 67 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 22,851 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.73% White, 2.61% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. 2.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,701 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 11.60% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,069, and the median income for a family was $39,055. Males had a median income of $29,914 versus $19,307 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,918. About 11.60% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.80% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Pope County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large
Townships in Pope County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Pope County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.

Pope County formerly included 10 more townships. Allen Township was moved into Hogan Township around 1910, and Hill Township, Galla Creek Township, Independence Township, Lee Township, North Fork Township, Sand Spring Township, and Sulphur Township were also formerly active townships in Pope County. Holla Bend Township, containing the Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge, has also been disbanded.

Township FIPS code ANSI code
(GNIS ID)
Population
center(s)
Pop.
(2010)
Pop.
density
(/mi²)
Pop.
density
(/km²)
Land area
(mi²)
Land area
(km²)
Water area
(mi²)
Water area
(km²)
Geographic coordinates
Bayliss 05-90159 69697 708 24.6 9.5 28.81 74.62 0.0979 0.2536 35°24′10″N 93°14′06″W / 35.40278°N 93.235°W / 35.40278; -93.235
Burnett 05-90558 69698 452 20.9 8.1 21.65 56.07 0.1051 0.2722 35°19′10″N 92°52′33″W / 35.31944°N 92.87583°W / 35.31944; -92.87583
Center 05-90735 69699 515 36.8 14.2 13.99 36.23 0.0339 0.0878 35°24′20″N 92°57′16″W / 35.40556°N 92.95444°W / 35.40556; -92.95444
Clark 05-90813 69700 London 2969 115.3 44.6 25.73 66.64 6.0444 15.6549 35°19′45″N 93°14′46″W / 35.32917°N 93.24611°W / 35.32917; -93.24611
Convenience 05-90921 69701 933 50.4 19.4 18.53 47.99 0.0942 0.2440 35°20′00″N 92°56′41″W / 35.3333333°N 92.94472°W / 35.3333333; -92.94472
Dover 05-91134 69702 Dover 5277 119.1 46.0 44.29 114.7 0.3637 0.9420 35°23′30″N 93°07′01″W / 35.39167°N 93.11694°W / 35.39167; -93.11694
Freeman 05-91377 69703 98 0.8 0.3 119.78 310.2 0.0000 0.0000 35°39′10″N 93°04′06″W / 35.65278°N 93.06833°W / 35.65278; -93.06833
Galla 05-91407 69704 Pottsville 3523 88.7 34.3 39.71 102.8 1.8410 4.7682 35°13′15″N 93°02′46″W / 35.22083°N 93.04611°W / 35.22083; -93.04611
Griffin 05-91536 69705 901 26.5 10.2 33.96 87.96 0.1106 0.2865 35°25′30″N 92°52′36″W / 35.425°N 92.87667°W / 35.425; -92.87667
Gum Log 05-91560 69706 1420 71.6 27.6 19.84 51.39 0.0142 0.0368 35°16′30″N 92°59′51″W / 35.275°N 92.9975°W / 35.275; -92.9975
Illinois 05-91812 69707 Russellville 25841 540.9 208.9 47.77 123.7 6.6022 17.0996 35°17′00″N 93°07′46″W / 35.2833333°N 93.12944°W / 35.2833333; -93.12944
Jackson 05-91875 69708 Hector 1191 11.5 4.4 103.72 268.6 0.0505 0.1308 35°29′20″N 92°57′01″W / 35.48889°N 92.95028°W / 35.48889; -92.95028
Liberty 05-92181 69709 805 14.2 5.5 56.64 146.7 0.0028 0.0073 35°29′40″N 93°03′16″W / 35.49444°N 93.05444°W / 35.49444; -93.05444
Martin 05-92415 69710 1482 23.7 9.2 62.46 161.8 0.3931 1.0181 35°28′25″N 93°10′06″W / 35.47361°N 93.16833°W / 35.47361; -93.16833
Moreland 05-92553 69711 700 52.2 20.2 13.40 34.71 0.0683 0.1769 35°21′30″N 92°59′46″W / 35.35833°N 92.99611°W / 35.35833; -92.99611
Phoenix 05-92871 69712 334 26.7 10.3 12.51 32.40 0.0000 0.0000 35°24′30″N 93°00′31″W / 35.40833°N 93.00861°W / 35.40833; -93.00861
Smyrna 05-93420 69713 173 2.4 0.9 70.69 183.1 0.0218 0.0565 35°38′10″N 92°53′46″W / 35.63611°N 92.89611°W / 35.63611; -92.89611
Valley 05-93765 69714 2776 125.7 48.5 22.09 57.21 0.0144 0.0373 35°20′05″N 93°02′46″W / 35.33472°N 93.04611°W / 35.33472; -93.04611
Wilson 05-94089 69715 Atkins 4371 77.6 30.0 56.32 145.9 3.0305 7.8490 35°13′30″N 92°55′01″W / 35.225°N 92.91694°W / 35.225; -92.91694
Source: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/gazetteer2000.html.

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