Anderson County, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Coordinates: 38°12′N 95°17′W / 38.2°N 95.283°W / 38.2; -95.283

Anderson County, Kansas
Map

Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded August 25, 1855
Seat Garnett
Largest City Garnett
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

584 sq mi (1,513 km²)
580 sq mi (1,502 km²)
7.1 sq mi (18 km²), 0.7%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

8,102
14/sq mi (5/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Joseph C. Anderson

Anderson County (county code AN) is a county located in East Central Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 8,102. Its county seat and most populous city is Garnett.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Anderson County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 584 square miles (1,510 km2), of which 580 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (11 km2) (0.7%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas, U.S. Census Bureau

  • U.S. Route 59
  • U.S. Route 169
  • Kansas Highway 31
  • Kansas Highway 52
  • Kansas Highway 58

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,400
1870 5,220 117.5%
1880 9,057 73.5%
1890 14,203 56.8%
1900 13,938 −1.9%
1910 13,829 −0.8%
1920 12,986 −6.1%
1930 13,355 2.8%
1940 11,658 −12.7%
1950 10,267 −11.9%
1960 9,035 −12.0%
1970 8,501 −5.9%
1980 8,749 2.9%
1990 7,803 −10.8%
2000 8,110 3.9%
2010 8,102 −0.1%
Est. 2015 7,808 −3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 8,110 people, 3,221 households, and 2,264 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 3,596 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.41% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.74% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population. 35.0% were of German, 20.4% American, 10.4% English and 9.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 3,221 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 20.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,244, and the median income for a family was $39,101. Males had a median income of $30,102 versus $20,705 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,458. About 10.60% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.30% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Anderson Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Anderson County (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

Anderson County is divided into fourteen townships. The city of Garnett is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Indian Creek 34050 132 1 (3) 125 (48) 0 (0) 0.07% 38°5′21″N 95°27′33″W / 38.08917°N 95.45917°W / 38.08917; -95.45917
Jackson 34725 453 5 (13) 88 (34) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°17′44″N 95°17′48″W / 38.29556°N 95.29667°W / 38.29556; -95.29667
Lincoln 40475 208 2 (4) 128 (49) 0 (0) 0.22% 38°12′42″N 95°8′42″W / 38.21167°N 95.145°W / 38.21167; -95.145
Lone Elm 42450 239 2 (5) 120 (46) 0 (0) 0.21% 38°4′56″N 95°14′30″W / 38.08222°N 95.24167°W / 38.08222; -95.24167
Monroe 47725 349 5 (12) 74 (29) 0 (0) 0.11% 38°17′44″N 95°12′54″W / 38.29556°N 95.215°W / 38.29556; -95.215
North Rich 51325 112 2 (5) 62 (24) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°8′10″N 95°7′24″W / 38.13611°N 95.12333°W / 38.13611; -95.12333
Ozark 53900 Colony 565 6 (16) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% 38°4′24″N 95°21′37″W / 38.07333°N 95.36028°W / 38.07333; -95.36028
Putnam 58000 284 3 (8) 87 (34) 0 (0) 0.11% 38°21′41″N 95°16′4″W / 38.36139°N 95.26778°W / 38.36139; -95.26778
Reeder 58825 427 2 (6) 187 (72) 1 (0) 0.44% 38°19′14″N 95°26′6″W / 38.32056°N 95.435°W / 38.32056; -95.435
Rich 59175 Kincaid 346 4 (11) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.21% 38°4′48″N 95°8′58″W / 38.08°N 95.14944°W / 38.08; -95.14944
Walker 74650 Greeley 668 6 (15) 117 (45) 0 (0) 0.38% 38°21′4″N 95°6′47″W / 38.35111°N 95.11306°W / 38.35111; -95.11306
Washington 75500 268 3 (7) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.19% 38°13′47″N 95°17′5″W / 38.22972°N 95.28472°W / 38.22972; -95.28472
Welda 76450 301 3 (7) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.22% 38°9′44″N 95°19′17″W / 38.16222°N 95.32139°W / 38.16222; -95.32139
Westphalia 77275 Westphalia 390 3 (8) 134 (52) 1 (0) 0.38% 38°11′56″N 95°27′46″W / 38.19889°N 95.46278°W / 38.19889; -95.46278
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html.

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