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Greene County, Tennessee facts for kids

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Greene County
County of Greene
Greene County Courthouse in Greeneville
Greene County Courthouse in Greeneville
Official seal of Greene County
Map of Tennessee highlighting Greene County
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Tennessee
Founded 1793
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Greeneville
Largest town Greeneville
 • Total 624 sq mi (1,620 km2)
 • Land 622 sq mi (1,610 km2)
 • Water 2.0 sq mi (5 km2)  0.3%%
 • Total 70,152 Increase
 • Density 111/sq mi (43/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 1st

Greene County is a county located on the eastern border of the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 68,831. Its county seat is Greeneville, and the current county mayor is Kevin C. Morrison (R). Greene County comprises the Greeneville, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area.


Greene County developed from the "Nolichucky settlement," established by pioneer Jacob Brown on land leased in the early 1770s from the Cherokee people. The Nolichucky settlement was aligned with the Watauga settlement, centered in modern Elizabethton.

After the United States became independent, Greene County was formed in 1783 from the original Washington County, North Carolina, part of the former Washington District. The county is named for Major General Nathanael Greene (1742-1786), a major general in the Continental Army from Rhode Island. John Crockett, father of Davy Crockett, and his wife settled in the county near Limestone. Davy was born there in 1786. At the time, the area was part of the extra-legal state Franklin.

Greene County is the home of Tusculum College, the oldest college in Tennessee; the state's oldest Methodist congregation (the Ebenezer Methodist Church, near Chuckey), and the state's second oldest continuously cultivated farm (Elmwood Farm, part of the Earnest Farms Historic District). Revolutionary War veteran, and state legislator, Col. Joseph Hardin made Greene County his home for a period of time, serving as justice of the peace and as one of the original trustees of Tusculum (then Greeneville) College.

As with yeomen farmers in much of East Tennessee, those in Greene County were generally Unionist and opposed to secession on the eve of the Civil War. In Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession referendum on June 8, 1861, Greene Countians voted against secession by a vote of 2,691 to 744. Following the vote (the call for secession was passed statewide), the second session of the East Tennessee Convention convened in Greeneville. It called for a separate, Union-aligned state to be formed in East Tennessee.

A railroad bridge near Mosheim was among those destroyed by the East Tennessee bridge-burning conspiracy in November 1861. Several of the conspirators who had taken part in the burning of this bridge were later captured and executed by Confederate supporters, including Jacob Hensie, Henry Fry, Jacob and Henry Harmon, and noted local potter Alex Haun.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 624 square miles (1,620 km2), of which 622 square miles (1,610 km2) is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.3%) is water. Most of Greene County is located within the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, a range characterized by long, narrow ridges alternating with similarly-shaped valleys. Bays Mountain, a prominent ridge in this range, forms much of Greene's northern border with Hawkins County. The extreme southeastern part of Greene County is located within the Blue Ridge Mountains, specifically a subrange of the Blue Ridge known as the Bald Mountains. This range straddles Greene's border with North Carolina, and includes the county's two highest points: Gravel Knob, which rises to over 4,840 feet (1,480 m), and 4,844-foot (1,476 m) Camp Creek Bald (it's uncertain which is higher due to lack of an exact measurement for Gravel Knob's elevation).

Greene County is drained by the Nolichucky River, which traverses the southern half of the county. This river is impounded by Nolichucky Dam south of Greeneville, creating Davy Crockett Lake.

Adjacent counties

Grave of Andrew Johnson

National protected areas

State protected areas


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 7,741
1800 7,610 −1.7%
1810 9,713 27.6%
1820 11,324 16.6%
1830 14,410 27.3%
1840 16,076 11.6%
1850 17,824 10.9%
1860 19,004 6.6%
1870 21,668 14.0%
1880 24,005 10.8%
1890 26,614 10.9%
1900 30,596 15.0%
1910 31,083 1.6%
1920 32,824 5.6%
1930 35,119 7.0%
1940 39,405 12.2%
1950 41,048 4.2%
1960 42,163 2.7%
1970 47,630 13.0%
1980 54,422 14.3%
1990 55,853 2.6%
2000 62,909 12.6%
2010 68,831 9.4%
2020 70,152 1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1790-1990 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014
USA Greene County, Tennessee.csv age pyramid
Age pyramid Greene County

2020 census

Greene County racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 63,143 90.01%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,308 1.86%
Native American 142 0.2%
Asian 299 0.43%
Pacific Islander 14 0.02%
Other/Mixed 2,711 3.86%
Hispanic or Latino 2,535 3.61%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 70,152 people, 28,323 households, and 18,481 families residing in the county.




Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities


Public schools in Greene County school system include the following, with their enrollments for the 2007–2008 school year:

  • Baileyton Elementary - 365 students
  • Camp Creek Elementary - 315 students
  • Chuckey Elementary - 325 students
  • DeBusk Elementary - 340 students
  • Doak Elementary - 590 students
  • Glenwood Elementary - 255 students
  • McDonald Elementary - 410 students
  • Mosheim Elementary and Middle School - 960 students
  • Nolachuckey Elementary - 340 students
  • Ottway Elementary - 260 students
  • West Pines Elementary - 240 students
  • Chuckey-Doak Middle School - 495 students
  • Chuckey-Doak High School - 710 students
  • North Greene High School - 395 students
  • South Greene High School - 525 students
  • West Greene High School - 735 students

Public schools that are within Greene County but are part of the Greeneville City School System include:

  • Eastview Elementary
  • Hal Henard Elementary
  • Highland Elementary
  • Tusculum View Elementary
  • Greeneville Middle School
  • Greeneville High School
  • Greene Technology Center - 489 students

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Greene (Tennessee) para niños

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