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قەشقەر شەھرى
County-level city
Id Kah mosque square
Id Kah mosque square
Location (red, labelled '1') within Kashgar Prefecture
Location (red, labelled '1') within Kashgar Prefecture
Kashgar is located in Xinjiang
Location in Xinjiang
Country People's Republic of China
Autonomous region Xinjiang
Prefecture Kashgar
 • County-level city 555 km2 (214 sq mi)
 • Urban
130 km2 (50 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,818 km2 (1,088 sq mi)
1,270 m (4,170 ft)
 (2010 census)
 • County-level city 506,640
 • Density 912.9/km2 (2,364.3/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
 • Metro density 290.67/km2 (752.82/sq mi)
Time zones UTC+08:00 (CST)
UTC+06:00 (Xinjiang Time (de facto))
Postal code
Area code(s) 0998

Kashgar, officially known as Kashi, is an oasis city in Xinjiang, People's Republic of China. It is one of the westernmost cities of China, near the border with Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, and Tajikistan. With a population of over 500,000, Kashgar has served as a trading post and strategically important city on the Silk Road between China, the Middle East, and Europe for over 2,000 years.

Apakh Hoja tomb

At the convergence point of widely varying cultures and empires, Kashgar has been under the rule of the Chinese, Turkic, Mongol, and Tibetan empires. The city has also been the site of a number of battles between various groups of people on the steppes.

Now administered as a county-level unit of the People's Republic of China, Kashgar is the administrative centre of Kashgar Prefecture, which has an area of 162,000 square kilometres (63,000 sq mi) and a population of approximately 4 million as of 2010. The city itself has a population of 506,640, and its urban area covers 15 km2 (5.8 sq mi), though its administrative area extends over 555 km2 (214 sq mi). The city was made into a Special Economic Zone in 2010, the only city in western China with this distinction.


Kashgar Bazaar (24040364205)
Kashgar Bazaar

The city has a very important Sunday market. Thousands of farmers from the surrounding fertile lands come into the city to sell a wide variety of fruit and vegetables. Kashgar’s livestock market is also very lively. Silk and carpets made in Hotan are sold at bazaars, as well as local crafts, such as copper teapots and wooden jewellery boxes.

In order to boost the economy in Kashgar region, the government classified the area as the sixth Special Economic Zone of China in May 2010.

The movie The Kite Runner was filmed in Kashgar. Kashgar and the surrounding countryside stood in for Kabul and Afghanistan, since filming in Afghanistan was not possible due to safety and security reasons.


Kashgar everyday life Kashgar old city IGP3954
Everyday life in Kashgar old city

Before its demolition, Kashgar's Old City had been called "the best-preserved example of a traditional Islamic city to be found anywhere in Central Asia". It is estimated to attract more than one million tourists annually.

  • Id Kah Mosque, the largest mosque in China, is located in the heart of the city
  • People's Park, the main public park in central Kashgar
  • An 18 m (59 ft) high statue of Mao Zedong in Kashgar is one of the few large-scale statues of Mao remaining in China
  • The tomb of Afaq Khoja in Kashgar is considered the holiest Muslim site in Xinjiang. Built in the 17th century
  • Sunday Market in Kashgar is renowned as the biggest market in central Asia; a pivotal trading point along the Silk Road where goods have been traded for more than 2,000 years. The market is open every day but Sunday is the largest.

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Kasgar para niños

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