kids encyclopedia robot

Lake Norman facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Lake Norman
Typical coastline
Location of Lake Mattamuskeet in North Carolina, USA.
Location of Lake Mattamuskeet in North Carolina, USA.
Lake Norman
Location in North Carolina
Location of Lake Mattamuskeet in North Carolina, USA.
Location of Lake Mattamuskeet in North Carolina, USA.
Lake Norman
Location in the United States
Location Catawba / Iredell / Lincoln / Mecklenburg counties, North Carolina, United States
Coordinates 35°29′N 80°56′W / 35.483°N 80.933°W / 35.483; -80.933
Lake type Reservoir
Primary inflows Catawba River
Primary outflows Catawba River via Cowans Ford Dam
Catchment area 1,790 square miles (4,600 km2)
Basin countries United States
Max. length 33.6 miles (54.1 km)
Max. width 9 miles (14 km)
Surface area 32,510 acres 50.80 sq mi (132 km2)
Average depth 33.5 feet (10.2 m)
Max. depth 112 feet (34 m)
Water volume 1,093,600 acre-feet (1,348,900,000 m³)
Residence time 207 days
Shore length1 520 miles (840 km)
Surface elevation 760 feet (230 m)
Islands Many (Near 60)
Settlements Lake Norman of Catawba, Davidson, Cornelius, Westport
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Norman is the largest man-made body of fresh water in North Carolina. It was created between 1959 and 1964 as part of the construction of the Cowans Ford Dam by Duke Energy.

General Information

Lake Norman is fed by the Catawba River, and drains into Mountain Island Lake to the south. It was named after former Duke Power president Norman Atwater Cocke. Lake Norman is sometimes referred to as the "inland sea" of North Carolina; it offers 520 miles (840 km) of shoreline and a surface area of more than 50 square miles (130 km2). Full pond at Lake Norman is 760 feet (230 m) above mean sea level. Interstate 77 and North Carolina Highway 150 cross Lake Norman at different points. Lake Norman ranks as the largest man-made lake in the state of North Carolina and was created in 1963. Lake Norman offers numerous attractions to explore. From Lake Norman, one can easily of travel anywhere in the state within a few hours' time. It is just north of Charlotte, and the mountains and coast are only a short drive away.

Lake Norman provides electricity to the Piedmont region of the Carolinas. It powers the generators at the hydroelectric station at Cowans Ford Dam, and is used by Marshall Steam Station and McGuire Nuclear Station to cool the reactors whilst generating the steam that drives their turbines. The lake supplies water to Lincoln County, Catawba County, Iredell County, Mooresville, Charlotte, and other towns in Mecklenburg County, particularly Cornelius, Davidson and Huntersville.


Duke Power partnered with the state of North Carolina to establish Lake Norman State Park. It has also built two bank fishing areas and eight public boating access areas along the shoreline. One site is leased to Mecklenburg County and one to Iredell County. Popular game fish in Lake Norman include catfish, crappie, bluegill and yellow perch, as well as striped, largemouth, white bass hybrids, fresh water gar, and breamlong. Lake Norman has also become home to multiple species of wildlife, including eastern box turtle, soft shell turtle, snapping turtle, black (eastern) rat snake and the Northern water snake.

Lake Norman - Peninsula Yacht Club
Lake Norman - Peninsula Yacht Club

Lake Norman is the location for one of the International Jet Sport Boats Association (IJSBA) tour stops. Team Tweek, a race team headquartered in Mooresville, helps promote and coordinate the annual event. It also boasts two yacht clubs: the Lake Norman Yacht Club and the Peninsula Club.

Davidson College owns and operates a "Lake Campus" for students at Lake Norman.



Images for kids

kids search engine
Lake Norman Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.