Puebla (city) facts for kids

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Puebla
Puebla de Zaragoza
Puebla de los Ángeles
City/municipality
Heroica Puebla de Zaragoza
Puebla montage.jpg
Flag of Puebla
Flag
Coat of arms of Puebla
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The Reliquary of America, the City of Angels, The Angelópolis
Location of Puebla within the state
Location of Puebla within the state
Location of the state within Mexico
Location of the state within Mexico
Country Mexico
State Puebla
Municipality Puebla
Founded 16 April 1531
Municipal status 1821
Area
 • Municipality 534.32 km2 (206.30 sq mi)
 • Urban 689,87 km2 (269.48 sq mi)
Elevation (of seat) 2,135 m (7,005 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Municipality 1,576,259
 • Metro 3,250,000 (2,017 estimate)
Demonym(s) Poblano
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Area code(s) 222, 221
ISO 3166 code MX-PUE
GDP 1.527 billion pesos
Website (Spanish) Official site
Official name: Historic Downtown of Puebla
Type: Cultural
Criteria: ii, iv
Designated: 1987 (11th session)
Reference #: 416
State party: Mexico
Region: Latin America and the Caribbean

Puebla, formally Heroica Puebla de Zaragoza and also known as Puebla de los Ángeles, is the seat of Puebla Municipality, the capital and largest city of the state of Puebla, and the second largest in colonial Mexico and the richest Catholic diocese. A colonial era planned city, it is located in (southern) Central Mexico on the main route between the capital, Mexico City, and Mexico's main Atlantic port, Veracruz—about 100km east southeast of Mexico City and about 220 km west of Veracruz.

The city was founded in 1531 in an area called Cuetlaxcoapan, which means "where serpents change their skin", in between of two of the main indigenous settlements at the time, Tlaxcala and Cholula. This valley was not populated in the 16th century, as in the pre-Hispanic period this area was primarily used for the "flower wars" between a number of populations. Due to its history and architectural styles ranging from Renaissance to Mexican Baroque, the city was named a World Heritage Site in 1987. The city is also famous for mole poblano, chiles en nogada and Talavera pottery. However, most of its economy is based on industry.

Being both the fourth largest city in Mexico and the fourth largest Metropolitan area in Mexico, it has a current population of 3,250,000 people, and the city serves as one of the main hubs for eastern Central Mexico. Many students come from all over the country to study in its many renowned and prestigious universities, such as BUAP, UDLAP, Ibero, UPAEP and Tecnológico de Monterrey, among others. The city also excels because of its industry, with the world's largest Volkswagen factory outside Germany located in the Municipality of Cuautlancingo and Audi plant in San José Chiapa being the most technologically advanced plant in the western hemisphere. As a result, many suppliers to Volkswagen and Audi assembly plants have opened factories in the metropolitan area of Puebla.

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