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Robert Todd Lincoln
Robert Todd Lincoln - Harris and Ewing.jpg
35th United States Secretary of War
In office
March 5, 1881 – March 4, 1885
President James Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
Preceded by Alexander Ramsey
Succeeded by William Endicott
United States Minister to the United Kingdom
In office
May 25, 1889 – May 4, 1893
President Benjamin Harrison
Grover Cleveland
Preceded by Edward Phelps
Succeeded by Thomas F. Bayard (Ambassador)
Personal details
Robert Todd Lincoln

(1843-08-01)August 1, 1843
Springfield, Illinois, U.S.
Died July 26, 1926(1926-07-26) (aged 82)
Manchester, Vermont, U.S.
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery
Political party Republican
Mary Harlan (m. 1868)
Children Mamie, Jack, Jessie
Parents Abraham Lincoln
Mary Todd Lincoln
Relatives See Lincoln family
Education Harvard University (BA)
Northwestern University (LLB)
Signature Robert lincoln signature.svg
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Branch/service Union Army
Years of service 1865
Rank Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg Captain
Battles/wars American Civil War

Robert Todd Lincoln (August 1, 1843 – July 26, 1926) was an American lawyer and Secretary of War. He was the first son of President Abraham Lincoln and his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln. Born in Springfield, Illinois, United States, he was the only one of Lincoln's four sons to live to be an adult. He was a bright lawyer, and mostly served railroad interests. He was (1897–1911) president of the Pullman Company. He was quiet and shy. Because of this, he never tried to be a president, but he was minister to Great Britain (1889–93). Most of his last 20 years were spent at Hildene, his estate near Manchester, Vermont.

Lincoln did not have a very close relationship with his father. This was partly because Abraham Lincoln often spent months away from home. Robert would later say his clearest memory of his father was when he was packing for a trip to Illinois. Abraham Lincoln was proud of Robert. He thought Robert was clever. Though they were not close, Robert respected and loved his father. He wept openly at his deathbed.

Following his father's assassination, in April 1865, Robert Lincoln moved with his mother and his brother Tad to Chicago, where Robert completed his law studies at the Old University of Chicago (a school different from but later assumed by the university presently known by that name). He was admitted to the bar on February 25, 1867.

Lincoln was also present during the assassinations of James A. Garfield and William McKinley. He is the only man to have been present in the area where three US Presidents were assassinated.

On September 24, 1868, Robert Lincoln married Mary Eunice Harlan (September 25, 1846 – March 31, 1937). They had two daughters and one son. The last person who was directly related to Lincoln was Robert's grandson "Bud" Beckwith. He died in 1985.

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